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Lists of Heads of Government and Heads of State


Always mysterious!
Published by SLP
Municipal Commune of Bourne
The Electoral History of Douglas Carswell (2001-2017)

2001: Conservative, candidate for Sedgefield
2001 defeated by Tony Blair (Labour)
2005-2010: Conservative, MP for Harwich
2005 def. Ivan Henderson (Labour), Keith Tully (Liberal Democrat), Jeffrey Titford (UKIP)
2010-2014: Conservative, MP for Clacton
2010 def. Ivan Henderson (Labour), Michael Green (Liberal Democrat), Jim Taylor (BNP), Terry Allen (Tendring First), Chris Southall (Green)
2014-2017: UKIP, MP for Clacton
2014 def. Giles Watling (Conservative), Tim Young (Labour), Chris Southall (Green), Andy Graham (Liberal Democrat)
2015 def. Giles Watling (Conservative), Tim Young (Labour), Chris Southall (Green), David Grace (Liberal Democrat)

2017-2017: Independent, MP for Clacton
2017-2017: Anti-Federalist, MP for Clacton
2017: Anti-Federalist, candidate for Clacton
2017 defeated by Giles Watling (Conservative)


Always mysterious!
Published by SLP
Municipal Commune of Bourne
I got extremely carried away doing a list to explain an infobox that @Gonzo did in his test thread on AH.com which I will link in the title to this list.

A Theoretical Look... Backward?

Presidents of the Second Republic of the United States of America

1909-1913: William Howard Taft (Republican)
1908 (with James S. Sherman) def. William Jennings Bryan (Democratic)
1913-1917: Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive)
1912 (with Hiram Johnson) def. Champ Clark (Democratic), William Howard Taft (Republican)
1917-1919: Theodore Roosevelt (Second National Union)
1916 (with Thomas R. Marshall) def. Hiram Johnson ('Peace Union')
1919-1921: Thomas R. Marshall (Second National Union)
1921-1925: Leonard Wood (Independent)
1920 (with Herbert Hoover) def. William Gibbs McAdoo (Democratic), Hiram Johnson (Progressive), Frank Orren Lowden (Republican)
1925-1927: Leonard Wood (Americanist Union)
1924 (with Robert L. Bullard) def. Herbert Hoover (Progressive), William Gibbs McAdoo (Democratic), Irvine Lenroot (Republican)
1927-1933: Robert L. Bullard (Americanist Union)
1928 (with Alvin M. Owsley) def. Joe T. Robinson (Constitutional Union), Theodore G. Bilbo ('Klan Kandidate' Democrat)
1933-1938: Hugh S. Johnson (Americanist Union)
1932 (with Ellison D. Smith) def. Herbert Hoover (Constitutional Union)
1936 (with Ellison D. Smith) def. no effective opposition

Directors of the Third Republic of the United States of America

1938-1945: Hugh S. Johnson (Americanist Union)
1940 def. Ellison D. Smith (Independent)
1945-1953: Huey Long (Americanist Union)
1944 def. no effective opposition
1948 def. no effective opposition
1952 def. no effective opposition

1953-1958: Earl Long (Americanist Union - Longist Faction)
1956 def. Alvin M. Owsley (Americanist Union - Legionary Faction)
1958-1961: Dwight D. Eisenhower (Independent leading Military Regime, backed by Legionary Faction)

Presidents of the Fourth Republic of the United States of America

1961-1965: Dwight D. Eisenhower (Constitutional Union)
1960 (with Henry Cabot Lodge) def. Strom Thurmond (Americans United)
1965-1969: Henry Cabot Lodge (Constitutional Union)
1964 (with George Wallace) def. Hubert Humphrey (Independent)
1969-1973: George Wallace (National Renovation)
1968 (with Winthrop Rockefeller) def. Hubert Humphrey (Progressive)
1973-1977: George McGovern (Progressive)
1972 (with Pete McCloskey) def. Winthrop Rockefeller (National Renovation), Hector P. Garcia (Raza Unida)
1977-1985: Harry Byrd Jr. (National Renovation)
1976 (with Harry D. Boivin) def. Pete McCloskey (Progressive), Xenaro Ayala (Raza Unida)
1980 (with Harry D. Boivin) def. Frank Church (Progressive), Cesar Chavez (Raza Unida)

So in this world, Taft takes a more forceful position in trying to back up Diaz, drawing America into an unpleasant multi-sided guerrilla war. Clark triumphs over Wilson at the Democratic Convention and Roosevelt is able to articulate a stronger position, triumphing over the Republicans and Democrats alike. He sponsors a 'progressive alternative' in Mexico, but the war causes a big refugee crisis and distinctly blurs the border between America and Mexico with a lot migrants heading north to safer climes. Roosevelt then takes America into WW1 in 1915, when the new ultranationalist dictatorship of Mexico opposed to the fractious American-sponsored client state accepts a much earlier and undetected version of the Zimmerman Telegram. Many in America argue that the Mexican situation should be treated separately from the war in Europe but Roosevelt isn't having any of it and in 1916 forms a new National Union for the duration of the war with an aligned Democratic Vice President and he wins in a landslide. His death in 1919 only worsens the continuing fragmentation of American politics. The devotion of American resources and funds to the bloody war in Mexico means less support for the Entente, ironically leading a wheezing stalemate in Europe in 1920. America triumphs over Mexico and installs a puppet dictator, the progressive alternative long forgotten but a lot of Americans feel hard done by out of the war.

Military hero Leonard Wood triumphs over a divided field and is forced to deal with the post-war economic slump. Much blame is put on 'cheap migrant workers' from Europe and Mexico who come to America from their wartorn and depressed home nations. He forms the Americanist Union ahead of the 1924 election, which is grounded in 'common sense' economics, anti-socialism and nativism. With the Republicans increasingly irrelevant and the Democrats more and more confined to the South, they win in a landslide. Wood's death in 1927 leads to the Bullard Presidency, where the Americanist Union becomes increasingly 'fascist'. Progressives and fellow travellers in the Republican and Democratic parties gather together in Opposition. Then in 1929 the Square Mile Crash occurs, leading to rise of the Popular Front in Britain, and a renewed economic crisis in America. Bullard's common sense economics aren't enough and he is primaried by Hugh S. Johnson who has a far more radical solution to America's travails. He narrowly triumphs over Hoover in 1932, having integrated the white supremacist rump of the Democrats, and over the next four years slowly tears the Constitution to shreds. After a farcical election in 1936 where there is no actual opposition, he takes the final step and establishes America is a fascist military dictatorship.

The dictatorship lasts until the 1950s when tensions between the Long political machine and the military establishment grow too much to bear. With the death of Huey Long there is some hope for change, but his mentally unstable brother triumphs over the elderly Owsley. The dictatorship disintegrates rapidly and retired General Eisenhower launches a military coup that re-establishes a much amended Constitution and he wins the 1960 Presidential election on the old Hoover Constitutional Union ticket.

The Constitutional Union disintegrates when Lodge nominates George Wallace which is seen as shaking hands with the remnants of the Americanist Union. The work of Reconstruction argue the Progressive affiliates who break away. What remains of the Constitutionalists argue that Reconstruction isn't really necessary, whats needed is more like... Renovation. And when Wallace runs for his own term in 1968 its on the National Renovation platform. Meanwhile, the Chicano population of the Southwest ballooned under the Americanist Union, hundreds of thousands being recruited to work in the fields while America's manpower was forced into conscription and into the bloody wars of 'Anti-Socialist Defence' in Latin America, Subsaharan Africa and East Asia. With the Progressive Party being socially liberal, this large Catholic population turns instead to an emergent political movement called Raza Unida which gains in leaps and bounds over the following years. The election of McGovern is done with the votes of many Chicanos, but slow progress of his term and the increasingly socially liberal and economically centrist position of McCloskey leads to Raza Unida getting a shot in the arm. With what could have been a loyal voting block lost, Harry Byrd is confident enough in 1980 to run for a second term and wins, the first two term President since the establishment of the Fourth Republic.

Uhura's Mazda

Published by SLP
Tamaki Makaurau
The Electoral History of Desmond Donnelly (1943-1975)

1943-1945: Common Wealth Party, MP for Burton-on-Trent
1943 def: John Gretton (Conservative)
1945: Common Wealth Party, candidate for Evesham
1945 defeated by: Rupert de la Bere (Conservative), Duncan McGuffie (Liberal)
1946-1950: Northern Ireland Labour Party, MP for Down
1946 def: J. Hastings-Little (Ulster Unionist), James Brown (Independent Unionist), Charles Heron Mullan (Independent Unionist)
1950: Northern Ireland Labour Party, candidate for North Down
1950 defeated by: Walter Smiles (Ulster Unionist)
1950-1953: Northern Ireland Labour Party, Member of the Northern Ireland Parliament for Belfast Woodvale
1950 def: Robert Harcourt (Ulster Unionist), Robert Hill (Independent Unionist), David Parker (Independent Unionist)
1953 defeated by:
Robert Harcourt (Ulster Unionist)
1955-1964: Northern Ireland Labour Party, Member of the Northern Ireland Parliament for Belfast Woodvale
1955 def: Neville Martin (Ulster Unionist), William Davies (Political Front for Britain)
1958 def: Neville Martin (Ulster Unionist)
1962 def: James Frazer Kerr (Ulster Unionist)

1964-1969: New Commonwealth Party, Member of the Northern Ireland Parliament for Belfast Woodvale
1965 def: Billy Boyd (Northern Ireland Labour), John McQuade (Independent Unionist)
1970-1972: Ulster Unionist Party, MP for North Down
1970 def: Kenneth Young (Northern Ireland Labour), Robert Samuel Nixon (Independent Unionist), Sheelagh Murnaghan (Ulster Liberal)
1972-1974: Ulster Vanguard, MP for North Down
1974 (Feb) defeated by: Roy Bradford (Unionist Party of Northern Ireland), Dermot Curran (Social Democratic and Labour)
1974: Ulster Vanguard, candidate for North Down
1974 (Oct) defeated by: Roy Bradford (Ulster Unionist), Keith Jones (Alliance)
1975: National Front, candidate for Worthing West
1975 defeated by: Peter Bottomley (Conservative), Joseph Stanyer (Labour), Sheilagh Hobday (Liberal), Ronald Mallone (Fellowship), Frank Hansford-Miller (English National)

Donnelly's unique political development took him from being a left-winger campaigning for democracy in the by-elections of the Second World War, through a stage of outspoken dedication to Northern Irish constituents, towards a committed opposition to Communism. This latter phase, which ended up with vociferous condemnation of the trade unions which had supported his NILP career, forced him to start his own party, the New Commonwealth Party, which harked back to both the Common Wealth Party of the Second World War, and the Commonwealth Labour Party of Harry Midgley in Stormont, which had been in an arms-length alliance with the Ulster Unionists in the 1940s. In 1965, Donnelly's ticket was unopposed by the UUP in Woodvale, and Donnelly was later convinced to step down for a UUP candidate in exchange for a return to Westminster. This return was quite sensible, as Donnelly was increasingly scared of Republican violence targeting his right-wing views, so he spent most of the early 1970s in Westminster, occasionally returning for the quasi-fascist rallies of the Vanguard movement, to which he defected in 1972. Defeated in 1974, he committed suicide after losing his deposit in the Worthing West by-election - although he did beat his old Common Wealth comrade, Ronald Mallone, who was leader of the proto-green Fellowship Party.

Interestingly, just as in OTL, Donnelly was opposed in 1955 by the time-travelling Politibrit @KingCrawa, who goes back in time to attempt to defeat Donnelly after it is discovered by temporal researchers that this is a sure-fire way of avoiding Brexit. In 25.6% of timelines, Crawa goes back under a 'foolproof' pseudonym, but he has only won three times. And in two of these timelines, his actions accidentally bring about the disestablishment of the Church of England, so it's a bit narratively tragic.
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Good Morning America: An Electoral Record of Joe Scarborough

1995-2009: Representative for Florida-1
2009-17: Class 3 senator for Florida
2017- : Vice President of the United States (under Mitt Romney)


Starmer police, arrest this man
This is a fun trend.

Electoral History of Cherie Blair (1983-2011)

1983: Labour, candidate for North Thanet
1983 defeated by: Roger Gale (Conservative), William MacMillan (SDP)
1985-2007: Labour, MP for Newcastle-under Lyme
1985 defeated: Alan Thomas (Liberal), James Nock (Conservative), David Sutch (Monster Raving Loony Party), John Gaskell (Independent), James Parker (Independent), David Brewster (Independent)
1987 defeated: Alan Thomas (Liberal), Peter Ridway (Conservative), Michael Nicklin (Ex-Labour Moderate)
1992 defeated: Andrew Brierly (Conservative), Alan Thomas (Liberal Democrats), Richard Lines (Natural Law)
1994 defeated: Andrew Brierly (Conservative), Alan Thomas (Liberal Democrats), Kim Suttle (Anti-Federalist League)
1998 defeated: Marcus Hayes (Conservative), Robin Studd (Liberal Democrats), Kim Suttle (AFL)
2002 defeated: Michael Flynn (Conservative), Jerry Roodhouse (Liberal Democrats), Paul Godfrey (AFL)

1998: Labour, candidate for Leader
1998 defeated by: George Robertson
2011: Named Baroness Blair of Burnley


Sysco Kid
Little Beirut
Public and party offices held by William O. Douglas

1934-1937: Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission

1939-1944: Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Confirmed by the Senate, 1939, 62-4

1945: Democratic, Vice President of the United States
Democratic vice-presidential nomination, 1944
First ballot
Henry A. Wallace: 366
William O. Douglas: 276
John H. Bankhead II: 222
Alben W. Barkley: 90
Scott W. Lucas: 62
Henry J. Kaiser: 32
Scattered: 128
Third ballot (after shifts)
William O. Douglas: 773
John H. Bankhead II: 391
Scattered: 12
General election, 1944
Franklin D. Roosevelt / William O. Douglas (Democratic): 52.5%, 413 EV
Thomas E. Dewey / John W. Bricker (Republican) 46.7%, 118 EV

1945-1949: Democratic, President of the United States
Democratic presidential nomination, 1948
First ballot
William O. Douglas: 840
James F. Byrnes: 346
Scattered: 39
General election, 1948
Douglas MacArthur / Raymond E. Baldwin (Republican) 47.8%, 269 EV
William O. Douglas / Francis J. Myers (Democratic) 47.2%, 212 EV
Benjamin Laney / Strom Thurmond (States’ Rights Democratic) 3.1%, 50 EV

1953-1969: Democratic, United States Senator from Washington

Blanket primary, 1952
Harry P. Cain (Republican), William O. Douglas (Democratic), Henry M. “Scoop” Jackson (Democratic), Carl V. Holman (Republican)
General election, 1952
William O. Douglas (Democratic) def. Harry P. Cain (Republican), Thomas C. Rabbitt (Pacifist—Bring Them Home)
Blanket primary, 1958
William O. Douglas (Democratic), William B. Bantz (Republican)
General election, 1958
William O. Douglas (Democratic) def. William B. Bantz (Republican), Archie Idso (Independent)
Blanket primary, 1964
Lloyd J. Andrews (Republican), William O. Douglas (Democratic), Henry M. “Scoop” Jackson (Democratic)
General election, 1964
William O. Douglas (Democratic) def. Lloyd J. Andrews (Republican)

1969-1971: Independent, United States Senator from Washington
General election, 1970
Slade Gorton (Republican) def. William O. Douglas (Independent), Brock Adams (Democratic), Norman Solomon (Pacifist—Shut Down Hanford), Bill Massey (Socialist Unity)

1972-1977: Citizens Party, National Committee member
Washington special gubernatorial election, 1974
Dixy Lee Ray (Independent) def. William O. Douglas (Citizens), Jack Metcalf (Independent Republican)
Citizens Party presidential primary, 1976
First count
Robert Drinan: 25.7%
Percy Sutton: 14.5%
LaDonna Harris: 11.3%
William O. Douglas: 6.5%
Others: 42%
Fourteenth count
Robert Drinan: 36.5%
LaDonna Harris: 28.2%
Percy Sutton: 16.3%
David McReynolds: 9.7%
William O. Douglas: 9.3%, eliminated

1978-1981: Independent, Honorary Mayor of Goose Prairie, Washington
Named unopposed, 1978

Already in the public eye as a fierce judicial defender of the New Deal, William O. Douglas found himself pulled into electoral politics when eccentric Vice President Henry A. Wallace fell out of favor during the waning days of Franklin Roosevelt's health. To appease the party bosses, who felt Wallace too radical and unreliable to succeed to the presidency, Roosevelt agreed to replace him on the ticket - eventually settling on either Douglas, who shared Wallace's politics but not his predilections for mystical woo-woo and Stalin, or Missouri senator Harry Truman. The latter declined for fear that his ties to the crooked Pendergast machine and his then-impolitic practice of employing his wife as a congressional aide would drag down the ticket, so Douglas it was.

FDR's death shortly after inauguration left Douglas in charge of his legacy. He would later look back proudly upon his creation of a stable peace in Europe (with a neutral, disarmed Germany at its center), his free education and health care for veterans, his desegregation of the federal government, his watering down of the anti-labor Taft-Hartley Act, and his support for unions during the postwar strike wave, which placed the CIO in a strong bargaining position for years to come. However, one of his first acts as president - the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan - would dog him for the rest of his life. Biographers have interpreted the rest of his long and unusual career as an extended form of penance.

After losing the 1948 election narrowly to the bellicose anti-communist General MacArthur, who decried "appeasement" in Asia and "treachery" at home, Douglas briefly returned to private practice, notably defending alleged spy Alger Hiss in court. However, MacArthur's dramatic escalation of the conflict in China, culminating in the shockingly one-sided Three Day War with the Soviet Union in 1951, spurred him to return to politics: privately, he considered himself partially culpable for the nuclear carnage. He ran for the open Senate seat in Washington, having been informed that he could never again win the presidential nomination (he only survived in 1948 thanks to the Roosevelt family's grudging support; James had considered running against him, but left the Southerners to fire a "warning shot" instead). The new president's warrior aura had faded by the 1952 election with chaos succeeding Communism overseas and extended labor unrest at home, and Douglas defeated both "MacArthur Democrat" Scoop Jackson and incumbent Republican Harry Cain. He was the first former President to enter the legislature since Andrew Johnson and only the second after Taft to serve in all three branches of government.

As a Senator, Douglas was initially known as an ally of the CIO in their brutal jurisdictional battles with the AFL and the government. By the end of the 50s, however, he had become a prominent environmentalist and an internal critic of the new American hegemon. Breaking with the stultifying National Consensus on foreign policy, he criticized the paternalistic violence with which the USA, under the flimsy mask of the United Nations, governed the planet - no matter how many votes it cost him in the home of Boeing. In the late 1960s, with American troops fighting on three continents and a peace movement fermenting across the country, Douglas traveled to Yokohama to publicly apologize for the bombing and for his support of Japanese-American internment. (Several of his ex-wives observed to the papers that it was the first time he'd apologized for anything in his life.)

A few months later, with rumors swirling that President Kennedy was personally recruiting candidates to challenge him in the primaries, he left the Democratic Party. His loss to a conservative state senator several decades his junior ended his legislative career, although not for lack of trying. Douglas's most lasting achievements in Congress had been the great Wilderness Acts, and he was naturally one of the first defectors to the green, pacifist, and generally alt Citizens' Party when it formed in 1972 out of several smaller organizations. His candidacy in the 1974 gubernatorial special election was one of the party's highest profile efforts that year. It only became more so when the National Consensus parties united behind his opponent, the bluntly pro-development scientist Dixy Lee Ray. After a very dirty campaign, Ray would prevail, leaving Douglas and GOP dissident Jack Metcalf squabbling about who spoiled the other's chances.

By this point, Douglas's behavior was becoming erratic and his always privately acerbic personality was beginning to show through in public. His venomous personal attacks against Ray were considered by many in the Citizens' Party to have cost them a winnable election, and his salacious private life had begun to alienate the party's leading feminists. Members still appreciated his ideological input on the National Committee - his book Trees Have Standing, arguing eloquently in favor of legal representation for ecosystems, was a bestseller - but began to ease him out of public roles. Against the advice of his friends, he entered the party's 1976 presidential primary, received a remarkably poor result given that he had the best name recognition of any candidate, and quit the Citizens' Party in disgust shortly after the general election.

Upon his retirement, Douglas was named mayor of the tiny hamlet of Goose Prairie, where he had kept a home for decades, by his fellow residents. As the town was unincorporated, the position was entirely honorary and carried no responsibilities. Nevertheless, it kept him busy for the last few years of his life as a spokesman for local issues - primarily around pollution and road safety. William O. Douglas died in 1981. Denied a state funeral by the Anderson administration, he was buried in a private ceremony in Yakima.

Douglas's "backwards career" and his eccentricities were mocked for years by the political right, but he has recently undergone rehabilitation by historians, especially after Barbara Ehrenreich's election in 2004 and the end of the National Consensus. Despite his acrimonious departure from the Citizens Party, his work continues to shape party policy: Trees Have Standing directly inspired the Ecosystem Ombudsman Act of 2006, and a unit of the Wilderness System near Yakima was renamed in his honor later that year. The Western Division of the CIO has raised funds for a statue in his honor and an overhaul of his presidential library.
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Always mysterious!
Published by SLP
Municipal Commune of Bourne
The South, Arisen

The idea here is to explore the extremely implausible scenario of a second secession (or third if you count the nullifiers) of the South from the United States.

1913-1917: Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive)
1912 (with Hiram Johnson) def. Champ Clark (Democratic), William Howard Taft (Republican)

Roosevelt gets a narrow victory, while the South remains Solid. It's on a distinct minority of the national vote and there is some dissatisfaction in the South and other parts of the country, with the Republicans having a better showing in the electoral college.

1917-1919: Theodore Roosevelt (Republican)
1916 (with Harold L. Ickes) def. William Jennings Bryan (Democratic), Henry Ford (Progressive)
1919-1921: Harold L. Ickes (Republican)

Roosevelt takes America to war at the earliest opportunity and this splits the Progressives as Johnson remains firmly opposed to war. Roosevelt ultimately seeks the Republican nomination which is only the beginning of a deeply acrimonious campaign season as Jennings Bryan is wheeled out for his fourth attempt at the Presidency. However the anti-war coalition is split by the presence of Henry Ford's Progressive ticket. Roosevelt's death in 1919 after the war in Europe has petered out at the cost of much American blood and treasure only worsens matters as noted anti-segregationist and rumoured communist sympathiser Ickes takes the Presidency.

1921-1925: Henry Ford (Progressive)
1920 (with Robert M. La Follette) def. William Gibbs McAdoo (Democratic), Leonard Wood (Republican), Eugene V. Debs (Socialist)
1925-1929: Henry Ford (Republican)
1924 (with Irvine Lenroot) def. Samuel Ralston (Democratic), Bill Haywood (Socialist)

Ford's second attempt at the White House goes better, helped by McAdoo's association with the Klan which rather spooks Northern voters and the safe pair of hands chosen by the Republican establishment which reminds people too much of the horrible farce of a war they just went through. Debs also wins the first state for the Socialists at a Presidential election, his reputation even better ITTL thanks to the greater unpopularity of the war. Like Roosevelt before him, he effectively folded the Progressives back into the Republican Party and faced off against the growing power of the Klan in the South and the unions in the North and West. Ford's presidency was regarded fairly positively until the crash of 1925, brought on earlier by the greater amount of protectionism in a more ravaged and divided Europe. Collapsing living standards led to industrial unrest and Ford rolled out Great War era sedition legislation and his own brand of anti-union thuggery to restore order which simply inflamed tensions. Nevertheless, nobody seriously expected that the Socialists could possibly win the Presidency.

1929-1933: Bill Haywood (Socialist)
1928 (with James H. Maurer) def. James A. Reed (Democratic), Herbert Hoover (Progressive), James Eli Watson (Republican)

Haywood's shocking victory came with sharp vote splitting in the north and west, the radicalisation of the labor unions, the division once more of the Republicans and Progressives and the promise from the resurgent Democrats of something like 'Fordism With Knobs On'. With the Reds taking control of the White House, the reaction in the South was explosive. The unions had never managed to penetrate the region effectively stymied by the growth of the Black Legion and the dominance of the KKK in influencing lower middle class culture and politics. With Haywood's promise of a New Reconstruction, it seemed to many that there was but one option to preserve social order and racial integrity. One by one the Southern states seceded, and Haywood's instinct to answer the counter-revolution was stymied by Ford policies like disarmament and the sponsoring of now deeply radicalised goon squads. While the North and West writhed with violence, especially in areas where the KKK performed well like Indiana, the reborn Confederacy was able to secure its borders. And if there's one thing that they can be certain of, its that Big Bill isn't about to let this stand...


Normalise Your Mum
Published by SLP
A bit of the backstory to @zaffre and I's (soon to return) This Great Stage:

1908-1918: Herbert Asquith (Liberal)
1910 Jan. (Minority): Arthur Balfour (Conservative and Liberal Unionist), John Redmond (Irish Parliamentary), Arthur Henderson (Labour)
1910 Dec. (Minority): Arthur Balfour (Conservative and Liberal Unionist), John Redmond (Irish Parliamentary), Arthur Henderson (Labour)
1915 (Majority): Andrew Bonar Law (Unionist), John Redmond (Irish Parliamentary), Ramsay MacDonald (Labour), Arthur Griffith (Sinn Fein)

1918-1920: Winston Churchill (Liberal)
1920-1922: Andrew Bonar Law (Unionist)

1920 (Majority): Winston Churchill (Liberal), Ramsay MacDonald (Labour), John Dillon (Irish Parliamentary), Arthur Griffith (Sinn Fein), Horatio Bottomley (John Bull)
1922-1923: Austen Chamberlain (Unionist)
1923-1924: Reginald McKenna (Liberal)

1923 (Minority supported by Labour and Irish People's): Austen Chamberlain (Unionist), Horatio Bottomley (John Bull), Ramsay MacDonald (Labour), Joe Devlin (Irish People's), Arthur Griffith (Sinn Fein)
1924-1931: Horatio Bottomley (John Bull)
1924 (Minority): James Connolly (Labour), Austen Chamberlain (Unionist), Reginald McKenna (Liberal), W.T. Cosgrave (Sinn Fein), Joe Devlin (Irish People's)
1925 (Coalition with Action Liberals and Action Unionists): James Connolly (Labour), Austen Chamberlain (Unionist), Henry Page Croft (Action Unionist),
Winston Churchill (Action Liberal), W.T. Cosgrave (Sinn Fein), Reginald McKenna (Liberal), Joe Devlin (Irish People's)
1931-1936: Leo Amery (Constutionalist)
1932 ("Consitutionalist" Coupon): Samuel Hoare (Unionist-Constitutionalist), James Connolly (Labour), Raymond Asquith (National Liberal), W.T. Cosgrave (Sinn Fein), Henry Page Croft (Action), Philip Snowden (Constitutionalist Labour), Various (Independent Unionists), Tom Kettle (Irish People's)
1936-: Duff Cooper (Unionist)
1937 (Majority): James Maxton (Independent Labour), James Henry Thomas (Labour-Radical), Michael Collins (Sinn Fein), Edwin Montagu (Liberal-Radical), Henry Page Croft (Action), William Redmond (Irish People's-Radical)
1941 (Majority): William Wedgwood Benn (Radical), James Maxton (Independent Labour), Michael Collins (Sinn Fein), Walter Guiness (Action)

Heads of State:

1901-1910: Edward VII
1910-1925: George V
1925-1931: Edward VIII
1931-1933: Henry IX
1933-1936: Philip Snowden (Constitutionalist)†
1933: Unopposed
1936: Douglas Hogg (Independent)
1936-1950: Leo Amery (Constitutionalist/ Unionist)
1936: Fenner Brockway (Independent Labour), Henry Page Croft (Action)
1943: J.F.C. Fuller (Action)

The Black Hand Gang gets nowhere near the Archduke in Sarajevo in 1914, and thus total war does not break out. Asquith manages to force through Irish Home Rule with the (theoretically temporary) exception of Ulster, narrowly avoiding Civil War. With a stable economy and a stagnant opposition, Asquith manages to eke out a majority in 1915. He continues to make moves to expand the welfare state and puts forward a bill for Scottish Home Rule. He was criticised for relative inaction in the Austrian Civil war of 1916-1919, but he retired popular on the tenth anniversary of his tenure. A somewhat rehabilitated Churchill supported the John Redmond's Home Rule Government in putting down Republican Revolutionaries, and abroad he provided material aid to the Russian government as they battled leftist mutinies; ones Churchill believed had German support. Britain was hard hit by the Spanish Flu epidemic of 1919, with the most high-profile casualty being Prince Albert, the king's favourite son. George V never recovered from this tragedy. Economic stagnation and a botched confrontation with trade unions in 1919 led to the Liberals nearly coming behind Labour in 1920.

The incoming Unionist government was unable to properly combat worsening economic and social strife, as unemployment rose and communist revolts threatened to crop up across Europe. The Panic of '23 led to the discrediting of the main parties and a hopelessly divided and diverse parliament, and attempts to govern in this environment led even less credibility. Another failed budget led to an election where populist forces came first and second- with Horatio Bottomley's John Bull Movement coming a narrow first place. The Bottomley Ministry was soon bolstered by opportunists from multiple parties, and won a landslide the following year on a platform of mass investment in the economy.

The apparent economic recovery gave allowed the Bottomley Ministry to be increasingly intolerant of dissent, infamously breaking up strikers in Jarrow with violence in 1926. The increased tensions with Germany came to a head in 1927 over land disputes in Africa; by the following year it was total war with Germany, with Britain, Fascist France, Japan and Tsarist Russia going against the Kaiserreich, the Italians and the Republic of Arabia. Russia made peace with Axis in 1930 as the death of Tsar Nicholas put the kingdom into flux, and poor tactics in African and European fronts put increasing pressure on the allies. The increasingly poor direction of the war- and the bottom falling out of Bottomley's economic miracle- led to increasing discontent at home, which led to the government delaying elections (with the consent of King Edward) until the cessation of hostilities. The collapse of the Western Front the start of 1931 led to the collapse of the Laval government in Paris, which quickly led to organised revolts and mutinies in Britain. Faced with soldiers refusing to fire on demonstrators across Britain, Bottomley was forced to resign and flee the country, dying in South Africa before he could be extradited on corruption charges.

The unpopular King left office with the Prime Minister he had supported and enabled. His brother, facing an extremely volatile situation, sent Leo Amery to form a government of anti-Bottomley forces. His service in the Bonar Law and Chamberlain Ministries, combined with his opposition to his predecssors (which had led to harassment and brief imprisonment) gave him credibility with the Armed Forces and the disparate political groups that had united to oppose the Action Coalition and the disastrous war. With a discredited throne and leftist unrest, Amery was forced to hold a referendum on the future of the monarchy, one which monarchist forces lost. The result could have led to much division within the National Unity Government if King Henry had much desire to remain on the throne. Amery was tasked with drawing up a new constitution, which was proclaimed in December 1932. In a joint sitting of Parliament, Philip Snowden was elected the first President of the Commonwealth of Great Britain and Ireland.

As the new constitution was drawn up, the coalition was legitimised by a (mostly free) election as the left split and argued amongst itself, with Amery using the gigantic mandate to make many difficult and unpopular decisions. The Constituationalist government gave Dominion status to most of the British colonies that Germany hadn't taken for itself. Following the death of President Snowden, Parliament elected Amery in his place. He was happy to hand over to Duff Cooper, a man who could be relied on to put down political rabble and maintain stability at home and abroad; be it from Communist Turks, Chinese Nationalists or a not especially assertive Radical Party.
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Sysco Kid
Little Beirut
Some very clever ideas there!
The basic idea isn't super original - Douglas is essentially a 20th-century John Quincy Adams here - but there are a few things in there that are worth exploring further. I don't think I've seen a pre-MAD WWIII and earlier American hyperpower (although we'll see how Unthinkable turns out over in the drafts forum). The idea of legal standing for trees was something Douglas was interested in IOTL, and remains a fascinating (and narratively Phresh) possibility.


Always mysterious!
Published by SLP
Municipal Commune of Bourne
The basic idea isn't super original - Douglas is essentially a 20th-century John Quincy Adams here - but there are a few things in there that are worth exploring further. I don't think I've seen a pre-MAD WWIII and earlier American hyperpower (although we'll see how Unthinkable turns out over in the drafts forum). The idea of legal standing for trees was something Douglas was interested in IOTL, and remains a fascinating (and narratively Phresh) possibility.
There is something pretty old, which is more of a thought experiment than anything, about American immediately using its atomic monopoly after WW2 to hold the world to ransom, I can't think what its called though.