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Lists of Heads of Government and Heads of State

Time Enough

New Left Wing Political Queers-Micheal Moran
Pronouns
He/Him
Leaders of the Federal NDP (1989-2008)
1989-1998: Bob White [1]
1998-2000: Svend Robinson [2]
2000-2008: Judy Darcy* [3]


Leaders of the Federal Democratic Party (2008-2020)
2008-2013: Nathan Cullen [4]
2013-: Megan Leslie** [5]


*(Co Leader of the NDP-Radical Alliance 2003-2008)

** (Co Leader of the Democratic Left Bloc 2018- )

1). Bob White is credited with keeping the Federal NDP alive during the 1993 Election as it looked like it would maybe lose it's traditional Western seats to the Populist Reform Party. Instead White decided to turn towards the Western seats as it looked likely that Quebec would be a dud, instead trying to keep the NDP afloat out West. Reform would still sweep house, but the NDP were able to keep about 22 Seats despite a hammering from Reform and the Liberals. Bob White would continue the next 5 years building the NDP back up, espousing pro-Labour union, Healthcare and Anti-NAFTA rhetoric. It would work out well for Bob as in 1997 the NDP managed to gain 8 more seats as Jean Chrétien was forced into a minority government. Bob would retire from the leadership afterwards citing that he would be going back to do Trade Union work instead.

2). In a battle between Alexa McDonough, Bob Rae and Lorne Nystrom, Svend Robinson would manage to reach the top as the one candidate pitching himself as the 'Left' candidate whilst the other three bickered about other things like the 'Third Way' and NAFTA. Svend seemed like a capable and strong leader in the Left Wing Populist mould, but his mixture of interests in pursuits seen to be outside of the mainstream of the NDP and his eventual diagnose of Cyclothymia would ensure that his leadership would be very scattershot at best. The NDP would manage to lose 2 seats in the abrupt 2000 election and Sven Robinson would retire immediately, becoming an advocate for mental health causes and LGBT issues (something he would share with the eventual leader Megan Leslie).

3). Judy Darcy, the Trade Unionist, former Maoist and the 4th National President of the Canadian Union of Public Employees was an unlikely choice for leadership of the NDP but as the leadership contest ended up turning into a slugging match between Lorne Nystrom & Bill Blaikie (especially in the aftermath of popular favourite Jack Layton's cancer scare), Judy would be nominated by as a stabilising figure for the NDP, cast in the same mould as Bob White. Darcy's dark horse candidateship would end up allowing her to cast herself as outside the squabbles of inter-party conflict and to be a strong but neutral voice. Darcy would win on the second ballot and push forward with her leadership. Darcy was helped by the implosion of the Martin government in early 2000s the wake of several scandals and the creation of the Radical Party by former Deputy Prime Minister Shelia Copps. The ensuing 2003 caused the two parties to enter into an alliance, the alliance would end up gaining about 12 seats in total as the Liberals were ousted by the Conservative Alliance under Stockwell Day. The next five years would consist of Judy and Shelia working together to allow the parties to increase there 2003 gains in the various regions allowing for several NDP-Radical governments to take hold. Meanwhile the NDP decided to aim for Quebec for the first time in a long time, with Bloc Québécois suffering from a variety of scandals.

In 2008 after five years of the Liberal's Stéphane Dion flailing and Bloc Québécois being attacked for it's scandals, the pair imploded and the NDP-Radical alliance found itself the opposition against the Conservatives. As Judy Darcy tearfully announced her glee at the success of the the NDP-Radical Alliance discussion would begin behind the scene for an merger. Whilst some would leave in response, the New Democratic Party would become the Democratic Party and the resulting leadership election would showcase Canada's new opposition...

4). Nathan Cullen was the right man for the wrong time, a few years later his Pro Green Economic stances would have won favour with the increasingly horrified Canadian public but in 2008 he came across as another Svend Robinson, an awkward Leftist who had managed to win due to the splits between Mulcair and Topp supporters and who's economic ideas rang hollow as the Canadian people dealt with the worst of the recession. There isn't much to write home about with Cullen's leadership, he was a bit crap and what should have been an easy win in 2012 had the Democratic Party lose seats to a resurgent Liberal party under Bob Rae. After a year of awkwardly staying as leader, Cullen would resign.

5). Megan Leslie has managed to turn the Democratic Party around from seeming like they were going to crash down to Svend Robinson levels to becoming Prime Minister of a Left Wing coalition and bringing about the creation of the New Canadian Welfare system, the Greenifcation of the Canadian industry (under a much happier Nathan Cullen as Environment Secretary) and the creation of the new MMP system that was used to vote in the Democratic Left government of 2018. It wasn't always going to seem like this, the revival of the Bloc in 2014 looked like it could cause the Democratic Party to lose there Québec seats and the Liberal Party continued to do well with Bob Rae. But the eve of the 2015 election would show otherwise and the Democratic Party managed to form a minority government. Now with the Democratic Left Coalition running the country maybe things will go well...though a flu from China might put pay to that.
 

Indicus

<insert title here>
Location
Trawno
Pronouns
he/him
Kings of Punjab

1801-1839: Ranjit Singh


1839-1839: Kharak Singh

1839-1863: Nau Nihal Singh

1863-1882: Jawahar Singh

1882-1883: Dalip Singh

1883-xxxx: Shasanakrama-i-Punjab (Constitution of Punjab)

Sadr-i-Sarkar (Chief of Government) of Punjab (or, Sardar)

1883-1904: Prem Nath Kaul (Constitutionalist)

1883: ran unopposed
1888: ran unopposed
1893: ran unopposed
1898: ran unopposed
1903 def. various Democrats


1904-1908: Azimullah Khan (Constitutionalist)

1908-1918: Abdullah Khan Bakarwal (Democratic)
1908 def. Azimullah Khan (Constitutionalist)
1913 def. Ram Singh Sisodia (Constitutionalist), various Workers groups
1914: Military coup attempt


1918-xxxx: Ram Singh Sisodia (Constitutionalist)
1918 def. Abdullah Khan Bakarwal (Democratic), Hemendra Nath Pant (Workers)

The Sikh Empire would rapidly expand its borders, conquering the hills, Kashmir, Ladakh, and Sindh, and in 1839 when its great founder Ranjit Singh died it was a vast state. Its independence was confirmed after the Anglo-Punjabi War, which not only was a great victory but forced the state to continuously build up its military. As Russia grew, conquering as far as Balochistan, it allowed the Sikh Empire to play Russia and Britain against one another and thereby maintain its independence, but at the same time the military grew dramatically in scope as the necessity of maintaining Punjabi independence through military force emerged. As such, power grew increasingly centralized in the military, under its chief (Sardar) Prem Nath Kaul.

Therefore, in 1883, after the ascent of Dalip Singh, a man not well liked by the military, Prem Nath Kaul overthrew his government. Despite it initially looking like an old-fashioned palace coup, he was a firm, stalwart republican, but the step he took astonished many. After promulgating a constitution based on that of France, he declared that this document, not any individual, was the true king of Punjab. Why he did this is mysterious; Sikhism's current Guru is its holy book, and perhaps he took this concept from that. But it is also known that he loved the works of Thomas Paine, and in it he repeatedly stated, "In a free country, the law is king". Perhaps he took that statement about the rule of law a little too literally. But whatever the result, to this day the King of the Punjabi Republic is a document. Every year it is coronated, robed, and crowned as a king in a ritual that is effectively a mockery of monarchy.

Prem Nath Kaul became its mere head of government, or Sadr-i-Sarkar. In practice, he came to be known as the Sardar - both a corruption of his title and a reference to his military title. He pawned off the crown jewels to western nations to get money for famine relief, he promulgated vast and dramatic law codes, and he codified Punjabi with the Perso-Arabic script, in use by merchants, as Punjab's national script. In practice, despite his intense derision of monarchy, he was referred, even within his own ranks, as a Maharaja - the people of Punjab had not lost their taste for monarchy. He died in 1904, and despite his authoritarian tendencies, he remains beloved today as the founder of the modern Punjabi republic. His successor, Azimullah Khan, however, faced a deep recession, and the authoritarian tendencies previously on display went to the forefront. The result was that the oppositionist Democrats won a full majority, and Abdullah Khan Bakarwal went to power. However, cohesion within his party remained enormously weak, and the result was a raucous few years as his cabinet saw much infighting, and his attempts to establish cohesion were only partially successful. The result was that in 1913 the Democrats lost their majority, and failed to pass a string of bills.

The military, which generally supported the Constitutionalists, used this opportunity to attempt to overthrow the government. However, Bakarwal's defence minister had spent much time downgrading the military, so when the military took control of the Majlis-i-Vidhan, the reaction of Bakarwal was to flee to the streets, denounce the coup, and organize a militia of citizens to challenge the military. This forced the military to stand down and the military coup was defeated. Such an event traumatized the nation, that all the work of the previous years was almost destroyed, though its success ultimately confirmed Punjabi constitutional government, and further reforms of the military further stripped it of its fangs. This, in combination with reports of bloody suppresion of strikers, led to a dour mood in the nation which contributed to the defeat of the Democrats in 1918, and the Constitutionalists, who made a great show of deference towards constitutional government and opposition to the coup, were able to win back power. Yet many were uncertain of what the future would bring for the nation. Many were uncertain that in Punjab, the law would remain king.
 

Indicus

<insert title here>
Location
Trawno
Pronouns
he/him
Please tell me – please, please tell me – that this is based on something real.
Well, as I mentioned, the eleventh and final Guru of the Sikh religion is the holy book of the religion, the Guru Granth Sahib. This was a decision taken - beyond the religious reasons - because the Mughals repeatedly attempted to make one of their preferred candidates the Guru, and this was a way to stop them from doing that.

But I was inspired after reading Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, where he repeatedly stated that in a free country the law is king. He also advocated a day with this commemoration:

But where, say some, is the King of America? I’ll tell you, friend, he reigns above, and doth not make havoc of mankind like the Royal Brute of Great Britain. Yet that we may not appear to be defective even in earthly honours, let a day be solemnly set apart for proclaiming the Charter; let it be brought forth placed on the Divine Law, the Word of God; let a crown be placed thereon, by which the world may know, that so far as we approve of monarchy, that in America the law is king. For as in absolute governments the King is law, so in free countries the law ought to be king; and there ought to be no other. But lest any ill use should afterwards arise, let the Crown at the conclusion of the ceremony be demolished, and scattered among the people whose right it is.
So, it’s sort of based on a few actual things, but taken to a weird conclusion.
 

Alex Richards

She needs an artificial Mountain, not AV
Patreon supporter
Published by SLP
Location
Derbyshire
He pawned off the crown jewels to western nations to get money for famine relief, he promulgated vast and dramatic law codes, and he codified Punjabi with the Perso-Arabic script, in use by merchants, as Punjab's national script.
The whole thing is amazing, but this point just makes me think of some sort of parallel to the current dispute where 2020 Punjab has a group calling for the return of the Koh-i-Noor and getting a 'but you literally sold it to us' response.
 

Indicus

<insert title here>
Location
Trawno
Pronouns
he/him
The whole thing is amazing, but this point just makes me think of some sort of parallel to the current dispute where 2020 Punjab has a group calling for the return of the Koh-i-Noor and getting a 'but you literally sold it to us' response.
It’s a bit more complicated than that - it was given as part of the treaty of surrender, and one could certainly argue that there was duress involved.

But speaking of that treaty, there’s something else to do with that. The Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, Duleep Singh, was made a ward of the British state when he was a young kid as part of that treaty. He was separated from his mother, and he was Anglicized and converted to Christianity. When he grew up, he converted back to Sikhism and he attempted to get the British government to give him further recognition, threatening a Second Indian Mutiny if it did not. But this was refused, and the British government refused to even allow him to return to his home. After his death, he was buried in Britain with Christian rites. Returning his body to India and/or giving him Sikh rites ought to be a much more important issue than the fate of any shiny stone. But sadly not.
 

Alex Richards

She needs an artificial Mountain, not AV
Patreon supporter
Published by SLP
Location
Derbyshire
t’s a bit more complicated than that - it was given as part of the treaty of surrender, and one could certainly argue that there was duress involved.
Oh I'm aware of the actual history of the jewel it just felt that there could be an amusing parallel in this one where ownership is a lot more clear cut legally and, arguably, morally as well.

I think the distinction between Duleep Singh and the Koh-i-Noor is that Duleep Singh isn't literally in the Crown Jewels.

You are right about the odd-ness of not particularly caring about his repatriation however. Particularly seeing as, given the Napoleon precedent, it would likely have succeeded.

Maybe they were concerned about giving the Princes ideas post-independence?
 

Yokai Man

Well-known member
Overdosing On Populism or Finding And Losing Purpose Every Day Or Dumb ASB Majorpunk List

1990-1996 John Major (Conservative Majority,Conservative Minority by 1996)
1992:John Major-Conservative[336],Neil Kinnock-Labour[267],Paddy Ashdown-Liberal Democrats[20],David Owen-SDP[4],Michael Meadowcroft-Liberal[1], Geoffrey Clements-Natural Law[1]

1996-1997 Sir James Goldsmith (Referendum Party Coalition with SDP,Liberal,Ulster Unionist and Plaid Cymru)
1996:Sir James Goldsmith-Referendum[310],John Smith-Labour[253],Paddy Ashdown-Liberal Democrats[40],David Owen-SDP[5],Peg Alexander/Mike Woodin-Green[4],Geoffrey Clements-Natural Law[4],John Major-Conservative[4],Michael Meadowcroft-Liberal[2]
1997 European Union Membership Referendum:51,23% Out


1997-1997 Jim Slater (Referendum Party Coalition with SDP,Liberal,Ulster Unionist and Plaid Cymru)
1997 Brexit Referendum:59,87% Soft Brexit

1997-1998 David Owen (Referendum Party Coalition with SDP,Liberal,Ulster Unionist and Plaid Cymru)
1997 Scottish and Welsh Assembly Referendums:Scottish Assembly-75% For,Welsh Assembly-52% For
1998 Minimum Wage Referendum:77,65% For
1998 Increased Mayoral Authority Referendum:67,89% For

1998-2000 Mike Woodin (Green Party Coalition with SDP,Liberal,Natural Law and Plaid Cymru)
1998:Mike Woodin/Peg Alexander-Green[315],Gordon Brown-Labour[233],Paddy Ashdown-Liberal Democrats[56],David Owen-SDP[9],Geoffrey Clements-Natural Law[6],Michael Meadowcroft-Liberal[4],John Redwood-Conservative[2],Ken Clarke-Follow Back Pro Europe[2]
1998 Nuclear Power and Nuclear Arms Referendum:57,81% Scrap
1998 Elected NHS Managers Referendum:53,49% For
1999 House of Lords Reform Act Referendum:54,10% For
1999 HS2 Referendum:53% No


2000-2005 Noel Edmonds (National Rebirth Party Majority,National Rebirth Coalition with Democratic Unionist Party after 2004)
2000:Noel Edmonds-NRP[333],Robin Cook-Labour[221],Charles Kennedy-Liberal Democrats[61],David Owen-SDP[8],Mike Woodin/Peg Alexander-Green[4],Ken Clarke-Follow Back Pro Europe[2]
2001 Death Penalty Referendum:67,90% Bring Back
2001 Elected Police Commissioners Referendum:52,78% For
2002 Immigration Control Laws Referendum:52,10%Yes

2003 ID Cards Referendum:61,04% Against
2004 Resettlement of Northern Irish Catholics Into Ireland:76% Against


2005-2017 David Davis (Workers Britain Party Coalition with SDP,Workers Britain/SDP Alliance Majority after 2009)
2005:David Davis-WBP[320],Ken Livingstone-Labour[130],Charles Kennedy-Liberal Democrats[99],Rosie Barnes-SDP[54],Alec Salmond-SNP[14],Keith Taylor/Peg Alexander-Green[7],Jeffrey Titford-BPP[3]
2005 Special Referendums Act Referendum:67,93% For
2006 Serbian War Referendum:52,38%
Get In
2008 Bankers Bailout Referendum:85,98% Against
2009 MPs Budget Re-evaluation Referendum:60% For
2009 First Scottish Independence Referendum:59,11% No
2010:David Davis/Rosie Barnes-WBP/SDP Alliance[385],Jack Straw-Labour[115],Chris Huhne-Liberal Democrats[95],Alec Salmond-SNP[18],Caroline Lucas-Green[9],Nigel Farage-BPP[6]
2011 Iraq/Syrian War Referendum: 51,49% Stay Out
2011 Northern Ireland Peace Agreement and Assembly Referendum:59,38% Yes
2012 Direct Control of BBC and Its Affiliate Branches Referendum:56,99% Yes
2013 Harsher Sentences For Pedophiles And Pedophile Sympathizers: 89,97%
Yes
2014 Second Scottish Independence Referendum:53,49% No
2015:David Davis/Mike Gapes-WBP/SDP Alliance[390],John McDonnell-Labour[90],Michael Moore-Liberal Democrats[81],Nicola Sturgeon-SNP[47],Caroline Lucas-Green[11],Nigel Farage-BPP[11]
2015 National Memorials and Official Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee Days Referendum:91% For
2016 Refugee Crisis Referendum: 68,89% Keep Them Out

2016 First Monarchy Referendum:88,98% Monarchy

Mike Gapes 2017-present day (Workers Britain/SDP Alliance Majority)
2017 Gay Marriage Referendum:52,19% For
2017 Landlord Busting Referendum:60,90% Yes
2018 Nye Bevan Memorial Day:75,98% Yes
2018 Third Scottish Independence Referendum:51,19% No
2019:Mike Gapes/Penny Mordaunt-WBP/SDP Alliance[384],Andy Burnham-Labour[89],Nick Clegg-Liberal Democrats[80],Nicola Sturgeon-SNP[57],Steve Hilton-Green[14],Nigel Farage-BPP[6],Piers Corbyn-No2Globalists[1]
2019 Hong Kong Political Refugees Welsh Resettlement Referendum:53,05% For
2020 5G Referendum:51,50% Ban
2020 Quarantine Lockdown Special Online Referendum:54,89% For
2020 Opening of Pubs and Relaxation of Quarantine Lockdown Special Online Referendum:55,29% For
2020 Police Funding Special Online Referendum:77,98% More Funding,75,97% Tougher On Crime
2020 Circuit Breaker Special Online Referendum:60% For
 

Yokai Man

Well-known member
If you get at least 3 million signatures on a special electoral petition,then a referendum can be launched on any specific issue the petition is about.

The decision of the referendum is final and can only be reversed if 3 million other people file the proper documents necessary to launch another referendum declaring the result of the other referendum in question void.

Despite opposition of certain people,the Act is quite popular and considered necessary “in order to create a truly representative democracy”.

“The will of the people is what matters above all else in Britain. It don’t matter if it’s right or wrong-if the people want it,then we have a duty to deliver,no matter the cost”-David Davis,2006
 

Yokai Man

Well-known member
0/10 no recall referenda for MPs.
It was already passed in the times of the Green Coalition Government.

Note however that the recall referenda wasn’t initially allowed to be online and that the votes needed to be send in person to the MP’s office,the results only being accepted if the office isn’t closed.

After a while certain MPs realized this loophole and exploited it,only ceasing as a practice in the mid 2000’s during the Davis Government,which declared that votes can also be sent via the post office and counted by the local elected police commissioner.

Due to the certain pandemic,the law has been modified to allow people to partake in the special referendums online on special IPads distributed by the greater county councils.
 

Blackentheborg

Sewer Socialist
Location
Llareggub, Wales
Pronouns
He/Him
Expanding an older Hellworld list of mind, seeing as how our election featuring all these colourful characters is happening tomorrow.
Anyone care to guess wtf is going on here?

2017-2020: Jacinda Ardern (Labour) [minority govt. w/ NZFirst coalition and Green confidence & supply]
defeated Bill English (National), James Shaw (Green), Winston Peters (NZFirst), David Seymour (ACT), Te Ururoa Flavell/Marama Fox (Māori), others
2020-2020: Jacinda Ardern* (Labour) [declared Acting Prime Minister]
defeated Judith Collins (National), David Seymour (ACT), Winston Peters (NZFirst), James Shaw/Marama Davidson (Green), Jami-Lee Ross/Billy Te Kahika (Advance NZ), Geoff Simmons (TOP), others
2020-2021: Kelvin Davis (Labour) [Emergency Government convened by Parliament]
2021-2023: David Seymour (ACT) [declared Acting Prime Minister]
2023-2023: David Seymour (ACT) [minority govt. w/ National coalition and Advance NZ confidence & supply]

defeated Harete Hipango (National), Kelvin Davis (Labour), Marama Davidson/Ricardo Menéndez March (Green), Matt McCarten (People Before Profit), Anil Sharma/Te Rongopai Heta (Advance NZ), Will 'Ilolahia (Ātete), others
2023-2024: David Seymour* (Act) [minority govt. w/ Advance confidence & supply]
2024-2026: Chris Baillie* (ACT) [minority govt. w/ National coalition]

defeated Harete Hipango (National), Kiri Allan (Labour), Zariah Anjaiya-Winder (Social Credit-Ātete endorsed), Marama Davidson/Ricardo Menéndez March (Green), John Minto (People Before Profit), Andrew Bayly (Rally for NZ), others
2026-2027: Felix Poole (ACT) [minority govt. w/ National coalition]
2027-202?: Irihapeti Edwards (Green) [minority govt. w/ Labour, People Before Profit coalition]

defeated Harete Hipango (National), Felix Poole (ACT), Kiri Allan (Labour), Ashok Jacob (People Before Profit), others
 
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