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Lists of Heads of Government and Heads of State


Well-known member
Electoral History of David Cameron

1997: Conservative candidate for Stafford
1997 David Kidney def. David Cameron (Conservative), Pam A. Hornby (Liberal Democrats), Stephen R. Culley (Referendum)
2001-2006: Conservative MP for Witney
2001 def. Michael Bartlet (Labour), Gareth Epps (Liberal Democrats), Mark Stevenson (Green), Barry Beadle (Independent), Kenneth Dukes (UKIP)
2005 def. Liz Leffman (Liberal Democrats), Tony Gray (Labour), Richard Dossett-Davies (Green), Paul Wesson (UKIP)
2005: Candidate for Conservative leader
2005 Tim Collins def. Liam Fox, David Davis, David Cameron
2006-Pres: Conservative MEngP for Oxfordshire (at large)
2006-2014: Conservative First Minister of England

2006 (Majority) def. Stephen Byers (Labour), Nick Clegg (Liberal Democrats), Lord Pearson (UKIP)
2010 (Coalition with Liberal Democrats) def. Frank Field (Labour), Nick Clegg (Liberal Democrats), Godfrey Bloom (UKIP)

2014-2017: Conservative Leader of the Opposition in the English Parliament
2014 Mike Hookem (UKIP-Anti-Assembly Coalition) def. David Cameron (Conservative), Jon Cruddas (Labour), Collective (AAP), Tim Farron (Liberal Democrats)
2016 Mike Hookem (UKIP-English Democrats Coalition)

2017-Pres: Conservative First Minister of England
2017 (Grand Coalition with 'Moderate' UKIP and Labour)
2017 (Majority) def. Tommy Robinson (ENP), Jon Cruddas (Labour), Diane James (Anti-Federalist), Tim Farron (Liberal Democrats)


Hello Tony, I am 1952
Published by SLP
Electoral History of David Cameron

1997: Conservative candidate for Stafford
1997 David Kidney def. David Cameron (Conservative), Pam A. Hornby (Liberal Democrats), Stephen R. Culley (Referendum)
2001-2006: Conservative MP for Witney
2001 def. Michael Bartlet (Labour), Gareth Epps (Liberal Democrats), Mark Stevenson (Green), Barry Beadle (Independent), Kenneth Dukes (UKIP)
2005 def. Liz Leffman (Liberal Democrats), Tony Gray (Labour), Richard Dossett-Davies (Green), Paul Wesson (UKIP)
2005: Candidate for Conservative leader
2005 Tim Collins def. Liam Fox, David Davis, David Cameron
2006-Pres: Conservative MEngP for Oxfordshire (at large)
2006-2014: Conservative First Minister of England

2006 (Majority) def. Stephen Byers (Labour), Nick Clegg (Liberal Democrats), Lord Pearson (UKIP)
2010 (Coalition with Liberal Democrats) def. Frank Field (Labour), Nick Clegg (Liberal Democrats), Godfrey Bloom (UKIP)

2014-2017: Conservative Leader of the Opposition in the English Parliament
2014 Mike Hookem (UKIP-Anti-Assembly Coalition) def. David Cameron (Conservative), Jon Cruddas (Labour), Collective (AAP), Tim Farron (Liberal Democrats)
2016 Mike Hookem (UKIP-English Democrats Coalition)

2017-Pres: Conservative First Minister of England
2017 (Grand Coalition with 'Moderate' UKIP and Labour)
2017 (Majority) def. Tommy Robinson (ENP), Jon Cruddas (Labour), Diane James (Anti-Federalist), Tim Farron (Liberal Democrats)
This reminds me of my ‘An Englishman’s Sacrifice’ vignette back on AH.com.

Very good.


Always mysterious!
Published by SLP
Municipal Commune of Bourne
in terms of stupid ideas

this is a doozy


Clem The Conqueror

1914-1919: Officer in the British Army
1919-1919: Private Citizen, Part-Time Lecturer at LSE
1919-1920: Labour Mayor of Stepney
1920-1922: Private Citizen
1922-1937: Labour MP for Limehouse
1930-1931: Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1931-1931: Postmaster-General
1932-1935: Labour, Deputy Leader
1935-1937: Labour, Leader of the Opposition
1937: Plane crash in Spain, presumed dead

1937-1938: Unconscious in a Republican Spanish field hospital
1938-1938: Infrantryman in British Battalion of the International Brigades
1938-1940: Officer in the British Battalion of the International Brigades
1940-1942: Officer in the Francs-Tireurs et Partisans
1941-1944: Recruited by the Special Operations Executive
1942-1944: Officer in the Armee Secrete
1944: Participated in the Assassination of Adolf Hitler

1944-1944: Recovering in a British hospital
1944-1945: Private Citizen, Author
1945-1945: Labour MP for Motherwell
1945-XXXX: Labour MP for Limehouse
1945-XXXX: Labour, Leader
1945-XXXX: Labour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

1935-1937: Stanley Baldwin (Conservative)
1935 (National Government with Liberal Nationals and National Labour) def. Clement Attlee (Labour), Herbert Samuel (Liberal)
1937-1938: Neville Chamberlain (Conservative leading National Government with Liberal Nationals and National Labour)
1938-1940: Neville Chamberlain (Conservative leading War Government with Liberal Nationals and National Labour)
1940-1945: Winston Churchill (Conservative leading War Government with Labour, Liberal Nationals, Liberals and National Labour)
1945-XXXX: Clement Attlee (Labour)
1945 (Majority) def. Winston Churchill (National Government - Conservatives, Liberal Nationals), Archibald Sinclair (Liberal), Harry Pollitt (Communist)
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Always mysterious!
Published by SLP
Municipal Commune of Bourne
Very casual, utter transformation of the world, that.
when the leader of the opposition is seemingly killed by the italians, it makes the whole build up to ww2 a lot more tense

the non-intervention policy in the spanish civil war crumbles, the military coups blum in france...


You're a real cold sonofabitch, Gunga Din
Published by SLP
Albany, NY
@Thande suggested the other day when I did my Klan America list that he would be interested in a Continuity-of-Government Communist Take Over of the US Government. This one is for you Tom.

Not With A Bang: The Creeping Second American Revolution

1869-1873: Ulysses S. Grant / Henry Wilson (Republican)
1868: Horatio Seymour / Francis P. Blair, Jr. (Democratic)
1873-1877: David Davis / Gilbert C. Walker (Liberal Republican / Democratic)
1872: Ulysses S. Grant / Edmund J. Davis (Republican),
1877-1881: James G. Blaine / Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican)
1876: David Davis / Thomas A. Hendricks (Liberal Republican / Democratic / (National) Workingman's), Newton Booth / Alexander Campbell (Anti-Monopolist)
1881-1883: Marshall Jewell / Elihu B. Washburne (Republican)
1880: Daniel E. Sickles / George V. N. Lothrop (Democratic), Benjamin F. Butler / Marcus M. Pomeroy (Anti-Monopolist / (National) Workingman's)
1883-1885: Elihu B. Washburne / vacant (Republican)
1885-1893: A. Oakey Hall / Richard P. Bland (Democratic)

1884: Philip Sheridan / John A. Logan (Republican), Benjamin F. Butler / John St. John (Anti-Monopolist / Workingman's)
1888: Benjamin Harrison / William W. Phelps (Republican), James B. Weaver / Charles E. Cunningham (Populist), Henry George / Terence V. Powderly (Workingman’s)

1893-1897: Whitelaw Reid / William McKinley (Republican)
1892: Adlai E. Stevenson / Donald M. Dickinson, James G. Field (Democratic / Populist), Dyer D. Lum / Peter J. McGuire (Socialist Labor)
1897-1903: John P. Buchanan / Thomas L. Johnson (Democratic / Populist)
1896: John P. Buchanan / Charles F. Adams, Jr. (Democratic) Whitelaw Reid / John J. Ingalls (Republican), S. Grover Cleveland / William E. Russell (National “Gold” Democratic), S. Philip Van Patten / Benjamin R. Tucker (Socialist Labor)
1900: Seth Low / H. Clay Evans (Republican), Eugene V. Debs / Hutchins Hapgood (Socialist Labor), Melville W. Fuller / Joseph C. S. Blackburn (National Democratic)

1903-1905: Thomas L. Johnson / vacant ("Popular" Democratic)
1905-1907: Seth Low / Louis D. Brandeis (Progressive Union --- Republican / National Democratic)

1904: William J. Bryan / Charles A. Towne (Farmer-Labor Populist), Eugene V. Debs / Voltairine de Cleyre (Socialist Labor)
1907-1909: Henry Ford / vacant (Independent)
1909-1915: Albert R. Parsons / Victor L. Berger (Socialist Labor)

1908: Election Suspended
1912: Albert R. Parsons / Louis D. Brandeis (Independent Socialist Labor / Independent)

1915-1917: Victor L. Berger / vacant (Socialist Labor)
1917-1921: Victor L. Berger / Voltairine de Cleyre (Official “Party Line” Socialist Labor)

1916: Henry George, Jr. / Ross Winn (Non-Partisan Council "Red-White-and-Blue" Socialist Labor)
1921-1924: John S. Reed / Maximilian S. Hayes (Official “Party Line” Socialist Labor)
1920: Hiram W. Johnson / C. Catherine R. O’Hare (“Progressive” Independent / Socialist Labor), John G. London / Allan L. Benson (National “Natsy” Socialist Labor), Voltairine de Cleyre / Morris Hillquit (Left Conference “Red-Black” Socialist Labor)
1924-1925: Maxililian S. Hayes / vacant (Official “Party Line” Socialist Labor)
1925-1929: Charles E. Russell / Henrik Shipstead (Progressive Committee “Right” Socialist Labor)

1924: Emma Goldman / Norman M. Thomas (Left Conference “Red-Black” Socialist Labor), Maximilian S. Hayes / Cyril V. Briggs (Official “Party Line” Socialist Labor)
1929-1937: John G. London / William Z. Foster (National “Natsy” Socialist Labor)
1928: William D. Haywood / James W. Ford (Left Conference “Red-Black” Socialist Labor), Charles E. Russell / Charles E. Ruthenberg (Official & Progressive Committee Socialist Labor)
1932: Ellen Dawson / Arthur C. Townley (“Bill of Rights Front” Independent Socialist)

1937-1940: John G. London / Smedley D. Butler (Official & National “Natsy” Socialist Labor)
1936: Unopposed
1940-1941: John G. London / vacant (National "Natsy" Socialist Labor)
1941-1943: John G. London / William Z. Foster (National “Natsy” Socialist Labor)

1940: Unopposed

David Davis was probably the only man who could have won against the Ulysses S. Grant in 1872. Davis in addition to being a hideously racist prime example of the rotten organ that was the Liberal Republicans was pretty good on Labor issues. His victory massively jacked up the aspirations of the working class for political gains on one end while driving the Republican Party into Chaos, as Grant and his administraton had been all that kept Ben Butler from going off the reservation with his radicalism. Davis would end reconstruction and be rather unmemorable in his milquetoast reform legislation but the forces he unleashed never quite went away.

Radical reform grew fast but in many ways was still slow to build. Agrarian Reformers, Eclectic thinkers and Social Reformers took the political lead for years with the Anti-Monopolists and Populists. Republicans having sent Davis packing spent a decade fighting for patrician One Nation conservatism and civil rights for the freedmen. In the end though, the disjointed and often mutually hostile pushes for reform or radical revolution in regards to the Social Question in the United States began to take hold. The Democrats found some success with Economic Liberalism tied with state and local level social reform under Oakey Hall but Corruption and Economic collapse saw the Party pivot to the Populists in 1897 after neither Tammany Democrats or the Republicans could compensate for the Crash of 1891. John P. Buchanan came into office with an intensive program of agrarian reform and for a time a major faction in the Socialist Labor Party, that sought to support his legislation and considered endorsing him as their predecessors had done to Davis in his failed reelection bid of 1876. But in the end Buchanan turned on them, his interest in Labor was clearly in regards to petty-ante reforms and hopes that attacking the "Jews and the Bankers" would inevitably lead to their uplifting rather then any concrete actions on his part to do so. His harsh use of State forces against strikes and his nativism doomed any chance that the glimmering hope of a united Anti-Republican Opposition Party was doable.

The Socialists turned in good results in 1896 and 1900. In addition years, of hard work in winning local and Congressional Elections allowed things to accelerate. In 1892 and 1896 splits in the Populist Party would see the Socialists win their first governorships in the western Mining States. 1898 would see them come within a few hundred votes of winning the Governorship of Pennsylvania. 1902 would see a Democratic-Socialist Labor Fusion Ticket take New York for the first time. Political Machines and Pinkertons could try as they would to hold back the tied, but after two generations of building up for it the Socialist Labor Party was on the rise and Buchanan's failure to ride the tiger meant that they were about to go on their own. And even where they didn't win, their numbers were rising. And while tensions were to put it mildly "High" as Georgists, Marxists, Radical Agrarians, Syndicalists, Radical Labor, and Anarchists all were sharing a party together, that weakness was turned into a strength by party organizers and treasurers who ignored those pesky problems in the name of getting votes. At the same time, the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor was eaten alive by the Socialist Trade and Labor Alliance as it grew and grew with new chapters and massive membership hikes taking advantage of decades of breadcrumbs of labor reform that were, on the whole, actually a rather big piece of pie.

There were those in the Non-Populist Political Parties who saw which way the tide was going, and in 1904 leapt at the chance. Nominating hardliner reformers in an effort to find some sort of patrician solution to the Social Question. But in the end, the election had to go to the House anyway, and it nearly didn't go there way, with a large portion of the shattered Democratic benches still backing the failed economics of the Populists. Seth Low did become President, but within two years he was facing a Socialist Labor Plurality in the House, and not to mention what seemed to be ever-increasing waves of state and local office-holders.

And then it came to a head in the summer of 1907. The anthracite coal miners went on strike for pay and then first though a few distinct STLA actions things went out of control. Wildcat strikes followed. The Socialist Labor Party, though they'd never admit it afterwards, actually tried to stop things, fearing that a failure on the part of the strikes would cripple their long term chances at political gains. But in the end they couldn't. The people stepped up and demanded more, and would have gladly gone on without the SLP had it not come aboard. But the shirkers were eventually either driven out of the temple or converted. Seth Low dawdled as the thing turned into a nationwide General Strike, trying to handle negotiations. There were a few army mutinies at that, and a few cobbled together "Volunteer Companies" of Conservative Militiamen, Pinkertons and students who joined them but in the end it was no use. The country was either about to be swallowed by violent revolt or there could have been a chance, however slim, for peace. And Low, far from a Lincoln or a Czar backed down. He and his Vice President would resign, handing control of the Government to a Secretary of State that had been sworn in not an hour before hand. Henry Ford was no Socialist, but his benevolent treatment of his workers at his motorcar company and his reformer credentials and respected engineering mind made him an acceptable compromise to serve as a non-partisan President overseeing a cabinet that had to be majority SLP. Over his brief few years in office there would be mass negotiation with the Southern States and those of Northern New England where the revolution was weakest. In 1908 for the first time since before Washington, Congress declined to renew the legislation providing for a United States Army, discharging the entire service and handing. A "Second Bill of Rights", a series of a dozen sweeping amendments that would transform the government were approved at an unprecedented Article V Constitutional Convention. Nationalizations with compensation became a policy, though with pennies paid on the dollar. The New State Militias, veering very much towards the Red and the Red and Black saw violence across the country as the Volunteer Companies rose and fell, reaching their peak in October of 1908 when they seized control of 7 state capitals in one day. But it wasn't enough. All the while the Wildcat stream of thought in the SLP was strong, with land redistribution, factory takeovers, housing reorganizations and less savory events like many class and race based lynchings were irregularly carried out from the bottom up.

But in the end the First Stage of the Second American Revolution had been completed, and Socialism was the new law of the land. Albert Parsons would be selected in 1908 to replace Henry Ford by the new Congress having bested several rivals in the heart of the party. But the Anarchist and Democratic components in the SLP were enough, along with mass popular feeling to be uneasy with his 1908 selection with a suspended election. In 1912 he would run, But the 1910 Law on Political Parties made that election an interesting feat. Only Independents approved by the Socialist Labor Party and Socialist Labor Party Members themselves could make it though the process to run. There were those in the Party who disliked this, specifically the Anarchist-influenced factions, and they would often push to open things up further but for years things were mostly settled, with politics being a matter for factions in the SLP who would create their own organizations to push for their own varied takes on the Revolution. Albert Parson's the Grand Old Man of the Party didn't mind, and in fact, embraced the factionalist politics of the party, noting that clearly it was far better to discuss the "Hows" rather then the "Whys" of the past. At his death Victor Burger, even more of a liberal and a moderate pushed even further and for a time one could imagine that the Revolution was bound to stay more democratic, even as Conservative Voices were still blacklisted.

That would start to change under Jack Reed, who by Presidential fiat oversaw a massive reform to the Legal system in the United States, using massed convict labor to build a national road and rail system. Conditions in these camps varied wildly and in them began to enter more and more not just those who had violently stood against the government but those who had done so passively, though protest and speech. The United States Secret Service, having for decades spent time being a Treasury Department agency often with agents loaned out to the Justice Department was given an Independent Station under the President, becoming a source of power and fear for decades to follow. Reed though would die in office after a bout of tuberculosis. Max Hayes and his successor Charles Russell pushed hard to decentralize authority, easy enough to do as the National Judiciary Council grabbed at the chance to overturn Reed's centralization but it wasn't for much.

Eventually the Centralizing, Authoritarian Tendency was back. As War in Europe Broke out there was much talk of a US Revolutionary Intervention. Russell refused. But it was the call to action that a certain faction in the SLP had always been looking for. Reed had just talked about furthering the Revolution, But now, Jack London had a real issue. Vote for him and it would be better for the world. Maybe it would be, but his opponents in the party knew what his other views were, the militarism, the paramilitary violence, the pyramidal systle of leadership that ended with just one man, the views on dissent. But they weren't able to work together as the Anarchist-influenced Left Conference refused to join in a unified front in 1928. By the time they did in 1932 the opposition was castrated and it was too late, and Jack London's hateful, twisted view on the Revolution had finally taken hold, bringing about the second stage of the Revolution, where as long as he lived, opposition was not welcome.
Here's the list of US Presidents for my latest work, which you can find here. Feel free to drop feedback/comments. I've much less knowledge of American history/politics than others here, however, so feel free to come out and say where you think there are big/small mistakes.

List of Presidents of the United States in 'A Bold British Bull-Moose'

1896-1899: William McKinley/George Hobart (Republican)
1900-1904: William McKinley/Jonathan Dolliver (Republican)
1904-1912: William Jennings Bryan/Alton Parker Jnr (Democratic)
1912-1920: Leonard Wood/Elihu Root (Republican)
1920-1928: Herbert Hoover/Franklin Delano Roosevelt (Democratic)
1928-1932: Franklin Delano Roosevelt/Upton Sinclair (Democratic)

1932-1936: Franklin Delano Roosevelt/William Stephens (Progressive/Republican)
1936-1944: Arthur Vandenberg/John Nance Garner (Republican/Progressive)

The 1896 nomination of Henry Teller was a bold choice for the Democratic Party, but the allure of capturing the Free-Silver Republican vote proved too great, helped by a sudden cold keeping William Jennings Bryan from fully taking advantage of his captivating speeches against the Gold Standard. William P. Bland would not stand against this sudden change in fortunes, infamously writing "the cause over the person". Unfortunately, that would not be enough to stop William McKinley from taking the Presidency in 1896 as most Free-Silver Republicans soon returned home or didn't even leave in the first place, as many Democrats began to mutter that they had overthrown the Bourbons just to nominate a Republican.

The Spanish-American War drew criticisms towards the McKinley administration for Secretary of the Navy, John Davis Long, proved slow and inactive and would eventually be made to resign along Secretary of State James Sherman and Secretary for War Russell Alger. Many Americans began to wonder about the President's judgement in his appointees and unflattering comparisons were made to the activities of Britain's own Secretary of War. It made sense, then, that the Democratic Convention would see George Dewey triumph as the man who won Manila Bay despite Long's incompetence and Bryan was to be the Vice-Presidential candidate. They appeared a more active ticket than McKinley and Jonathan Dolliver-widely recognised as only taking the job Elihu Root refused-but Dewey's political inexperience and decision to marry a Catholic wife in the midst of the election ruined what seemed in theory to be the perfect opportunity.

By 1904, there was practically an uprising as Bryan was practically carried to the stage. William Randolph Hearst went into overdrive to endorse McKinley's most public critic and Bryan managed to achieve victory over the Fairbanks/Hanna ticket. The income tax, the inheritance tax, independence for the Philippines, and the enactment of unilateral bimetallism (after Prime Minister Roosevelt forcefully repeated Britain's refusal to do so) were among the first few measures Bryan enacted. Future historians called it the triumph of Populism, others say it was the birth of true American Progressivism, but in reality the former was more correct. Bryan was a man of the agricultural populist mould and this was in stark contrast to the ascendant Progressive faction within the Republicans. Men like Leonard Wood, Henry Cabot Lodge, and Elihu Root managed to grow in fame as many looked back at the McKinley years and felt that America had begun to lag. The war with Spain should have been won easier, the failed 1893 and 1897 seizures of Hawa'ii denied them a base in the Pacific, and Bryan was now causing chaos to the economy and foreign relations. Bryan's own semi-flirtations with elements of the Socialist Party only made matters worse.

The consequences of free silver, and perhaps a long and bitter relationship with the world's largest creditor, had its consequences and while Americans look back to the Bryan years with fondness, it is not surprising that 1912 saw Champ Clark lose in a landslide to the hero of Cuba. His four years in office would be dominated by tensions with Mexico down south and with Germany across the Atlantic when the Great War began. American entry proved controversial, which saved the likes of Eugene Debs from prison, but threatened to split the country in two. 1916 threatened to see him lose office and America adopt a "Peace-First" strategy that Woodrow Wilson called for (which was a compromise on Bryan's demand for a unilateral exit), but the war-crimes of the Central Powers and a belief in national unity saved him. Russia's own peace-deal in 1917-and more importantly its cancellation of war-debts-outraged many Americans and sunk any chance of America doing the same after losing so much men and money.

Wood's main achievement in the 1919 Peace Conference was securing France's agreement to not annex the Rhineland and to instead agree to a permanent military presence. The International League was built for minimal intrusions on sovereignty and ties between Britain and America were strengthened as the President, Vice-President, and Secretary of State all mourned at Theodore Roosevelt's funeral in London. Wood's attention shifted towards the domestic platform, in the aftermath of war. After speaking with Congressional leaders and his closest confidants, it was agreed that he would try for a third term on a platform of sorting out the post-war economy and enacting much-needed social reforms. The threat of socialist infiltration into the trade union movement and the rise of industrial radicalism necessitated what would become normalcy's return.

The public thought different. Herbert Hoover was the man of the hour and FDR was chosen to both curry favour with those who would see his name and think of Britain's lost Prime Minister, although to also tie Hoover to the Democrats. It's ironic that it would be Roosevelt who was meant to keep the President from departing from the party.

The 1920s were a period of consensus-as patriarchal progressive legislation continued to pass, including greater control over railways and utilities-but also of conflict as union strikes escalated and the KKK's emergence led to tensions within the Democrats and Republicans alike. In some areas, the Klan and the Reds fought and in others, White and Red smashed Black. Hoover attempted for anti-lynching measures, but they proved ineffective to Southern lobbying and resistance. As for the US, the economic boom continued, although rising economic inequality became a central facet to the emerging Socialist Party which alternated between an extreme form of Progressivism and Populism together, and Full Spartacism. In the Democrats, the former began to gain popularity when the Klan collapsed and the poor and dispossessed rural whites found a siren-song. Trade-unionists who were tired of being beaten by Pinkertons then patronised by the President also found that they liked the sound of workers getting to vote on whether their managers get bonuses or that they get to decide what targets are. It escalated to where Roosevelt was forced to take on Upton Sinclair as his Vice President; party-bosses fearing for an alliance between Sinclair and the IFL-CIO's new partnership with the Socialists.

As the world economic collapsed in the early 1930s, President Roosevelt was faced with a Cabinet and Congressional revolt against his plan for large spending cuts to calm the financial markets. Pleas that there would be reform later and that New York would be abandoned for London or even Ottawa fell hollow. He barely passed the Budget, but his own Vice President spoke out in favour of the 1931 attempt at a General Strike that ruined what little credibility the Budget had offered. Republicans feared that they would never see office again after the latest split over Taft-Hartley's Veto whilst Democrats trembled at the marching of the Bonus Armies on Washington. Progressivism was under threat by the jackboot, the wrench and sickle, and it seemed as if nothing could be done.

Until a Grand Bargain struck at the White House was the beginnings of what would become the Progressive Party. It's now considered a false name for what was an alliance between the Republicans and a collection of North-Eastern and Southern Democrats on a line of "Restore Sound Money, Keep Out The Socialists, Don't Talk About The Negro." It was enough to win the 1932 election against a Democratic Party split between Huey Long, Al Smith, and Ellison D. Smith, united only by horror at what Roosevelt had done and the idea that even wagging a finger at Segregation will cause white genocide/the kind of people who think that are acceptable partners. FDR would be condemned by history as a man who realised too late what he had done, but his death to polio in 1938 was mourned by Progressive and Republicans alike.

His cousin's legacy in Britain was the rise of a radical Third Way that was applauded by Keynes, but many reckoned that his own actions in America were more important for the rising nation. When the young Arthur Vandenberg succeeded him, it would be to further continue the Progressive Consensus in America and, with the announcement of the Vice Presidency's abolition in favour of the office of the Secretary of Home Affairs from 1940 onwards for six-year terms, herald the start of American Parliamentarianism.

List of US Secretaries of Home Affairs

1940-????: Herbert Hoover (Progressive-Republican)


Chairmen of the National Board of Mayors
Formed in 1946 by the Stafford Cripps Government as part of the Labour Government's restructure plan, the directly elected post of Mayor was the brainchild of Herbert Morrison, the ambitious Secretary of State for Restructuring who envisioned himself Mayor of London and the face of the national rebuilding efforts, a position he hoped would help him launch himself into the Premiership when Cripps retired. However Cripps had other plans, and handed the nomination of London Mayor to Clement Attlee, the long serving Mayor of Stepney, a maligned figure by the Party as a whole, but a man to whom Cripps took an immediate liking to when they met for the first time in the days following the war. Attlee's Mayorship was a good one by all accounts, and with the London experiment proving to have been a resounding success, Morrison would roll out a Mayor for most Boroughs (although some alleged this was in an attempt to ensure Attlee would not control the NBM for long). The rest is, as they say, history...

1946-1951: Clement Attlee (Labour - County of London 1945-1951)
Appointed/Reappointed: 1946, 1949
1951-1954: Patrick Dollan (SSP/Labour - Glasgow 1949-1957)
Appointed: 1951
1954-1957: Edward Martell (Liberal c. Civic Fusion - London 1954-1957)
Appointed: 1954
1957-1969: Albert Ballard (Labour - Sheffield 1954-1969)
Appointed/Reappointed: 1947, 1960, 1963, 1966
1969-1975: David Liddle (Progressives - Edinburgh 1969-1978)
Appointed/Reappointed: 1969, 1972
1975-1978: James Callaghan (Labour - Portsmouth 1975-1978)
Appointed: 1975
1978-1984: Alun T. Davies (Diwygio - Cardiff 1975-1984)
Appointed/Reappointed: 1978, 1981
1984-1987: Dorothy Dunlop (Ulster Unionist - Belfast 1984-1987)
Appointed: 1984
1987-1993: Edward Russell (Labour - Colchester 1987-1999)
Appointed/Reappointed: 1987, 1990
1993-1997: Roy Major (Reform - County of London 1990-1997)
Appointed/Reappointed: 1993, 1996
1997-1999: Steve Norris (Civic Conservative - Liverpool 1996-2002) acting
Appointed: 1997 under Special Meeting of the NBM following Mayor Major's resignation
1999-2005: Mervyn Rolfe (Labour - Dundee 1996-2005)
Appointed/Reappointed: 1999, 2002
2005-2011: Robert Wales (Labour - Glasgow 1993-2014)
Appointed/Reappointed: 2005, 2008
2011-2011: Graham Booth (Civic Conservative - Torbay 2005-2011)
Appointed: 2011
2012-2014: Michael Barnes (Civic Conservative - Wolverhampton 2012-2014) acting
Appointed: 2012 under Special Meeting of the NBM following Mayor Booth's sudden death
2014-2017: Leo Madden (Labour - Portsmouth 2011-2017)
Appointed: 2014
2017-present: John Harris (Liberal - Truro 2014-present)
Appointed: 2017
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left labour poster on here
Winning! - A Very Silly Rugby List

"England's ball... Peter Richards... to Wilkinson... Wilkinson goes for the drop goal! And he's done it!! He has done it again!! England's hero is back! And England have become the first team in history to win two successive world cups." - Ian Robertson, 20 Oct 2007.

1987: New Zealand
1991: Australia
1995: South Africa
1999: Australia
2003: England
2007: England
2011: New Zealand
2015: New Zealand

1997-2007: Tony Blair (Labour)
1997: John Major (Conservative), Paddy Ashdown (Liberal Democrat)
2001: William Hague (Conservative), Charles Kennedy (Liberal Democrat)
2005: Michael Howard (Conservative), Charles Kennedy (Liberal Democrat)

2007-2012: Gordon Brown (Labour)
2007: David Cameron (Conservative), Ming Campbell (Liberal Democrat)
2012-2012: Ed Balls (Labour)
2012-: Sir Clive Woodward (Conservative)
2012: Ed Balls (Labour), Vince Cable (Liberal Democrat), Sian Berry/John McDonnell (Green-Left)

In a fit of infamous bad temper in early October 2007, Gordon Brown finally decided to quit the dithering and call a snap general election, rather unusually planned to be held on the second half of month. To many this appeared a last ditch attempt to regain some level of leadership and dynamism as polls began to show a serious slippage of Labour support in key marginal seats. To others, Labour was throwing away an unnecessary election to Cameron. The party got to work, but the popularity of Brown enjoyed in the honeymoon period of his premiership appeared gone... and possibly forever.

Despite being a keen rugby fan, though unfortunately a Scot, Brown's timing of the election had actually taken no consideration of the timing of the World Cup final. Despite being the ruling champions, England had struggled their way to the final, having to deal with both the turbulent political wranglings of the RFU which had almost seen Clive Woodward walk away in 2004, along with the retirement of key players such as Johnson and Dellaglio, and not to mention Wilkinson's 4 year absence from international arena. Nevertheless, Woodward's leadership proved good once again, and with a controversial try by Mark Cuetto allowed in the 42nd minute, another superb, almost mirror image drop goal by Johnny Wilkinson secured England's place in the history books once again.

While lacking the cultural dominance of football, and with skipper Phil Vickery's face splattered over the front pages of every major newspaper not really having the same glamour as David Beckham, the cultural impact was still felt. In marginals across the heartland of English rugby - the quite posh bits - a patriotic feelgood factor found itself materialized in continuing support for the government. And so it was that while many were writing off Brown as the man who threw away a government, it came to pass that English Rugby saved Britain's very Scottish prime minister. David Cameron failing to name a single member of the starting 15 squad for the world cup win did not particularly help things either.

The shock of the defeat hit the Conservatives hard, while many had seen Cameron's leadership as a "two election" strategy, the image of Brown marching back into No.10 with an increased vote AND seat count (somehow) just made things worse. After 18 months Cameron had finally given up, while many Tory MPs struggling to see power coming any time soon, departed to the private sector. Theresa May, once seen as a rising star and future leader, quit Westminster for a job back at St Hughs College. The vacancy left in her Maidenhead constituency needed filling, and so it was that local lad and now retired Clive Woodward, the most successful coach in English sporting history, got called up to save a slightly different struggling team.
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something half-baked

Hardial Patoha

10 Sept 2166: Born in Clementine Region, Luna
2187-2199: Officer, Lunar Defense Forces
2196-2201: United Combatants Legal Advocate
2196-????: Commonwealth Commission for Civic Cooperation Asset (Class B)
2197-2199: Liaison Officer to the Alder City Corrections Administration
2201-2213: Integrated Social Democratic Alder City Corporator for District 10 (Barclay)
2207-2208: Special Commissioner for Correctional Regeneration
2208-2208: Special Commissioner for Assistance to Ex-Offenders
2209-2213: Integrated Social Democratic, Whip
2213-2218: Integrated Social Democratic, Deputy President and Vice Chair of the Autonomous Municipal Corporation of Alder City
2218-2224: United Combatants, President of Local #407
8 May 2220: Broke ground on the Lance Corporal Loyola Mackessy Memorial Employment Center
2224-2225: United Combatants Lobbyist
2225-2235: New Sun Alder City Corporator for District 22 (Surangon)
2229-2233: Special Commissioner for Oversight of New Construction on the Surangon West Floating Tunnel
2235-2241: Independent Alder City Delegate to the Lunar Assembly
2241-2244: Citizens' Response Lobbyist
2244-2259: Independent Alder City Corporator for At-Large Seat E
2251-2253: Special Co-Commissioner for Population Regulation Reform
2259-2275: Pensioner, Memoirist, Falconry Enthusiast
1 February 2275: Died of pneumonia in Alder City, Luna

Of all humanity's colonies in the solar system, the Commonwealth of Luna contains the most reactionary tendencies that characterized Old Earth politics, due to both her proximity to shattered Terra and the ideological nature of her original colonists. Mostly hailing from the United States, Latin America, and India, Luna's founders were determined to resist the inexorable rise of Communism on Terra and in the myriad colonies that now dotted the solar system. As the New Soviet Man planted the red flag on Mars and throughout the Belt and Earth tore itself to pieces, the denizens of Luna retreated inwards, and by the mid-22nd century had become a poor, stunted offshoot of humanity sheltering under cracked domes, obsessed with the regressive ideologies of commodity fetishism and social reaction, occasionally turning to autarky. Meanwhile, the Communist nations of the system (particularly the Belt) inched steadily towards messianism and the end of history, with some going so far as to fully embrace Posadism and the coming of the Final Liberation.

For most of the 22nd century, political life in the Lunar region of Alder City was dominated by the Revival Law Movement, a big tent quasi-religious party that governed with impunity. In the 2190s, the RLM was violently removed by a popular uprising, which was subsequently crushed by the Lunar Defense Forces-backed Integrated Social Democratic Party, a big tent nominally progressive faction which would rule with little opposition for the next century.

Hardial Patoha first arrived in Alder City in 2197 as part of the LDF pacification army. The son of impoverished rock farmers from the polar Clementine region, Patoha first rose to prominence as a soldiers' union advocate and a prison reformer; he eventually resigned his officer commission to pursue a full career in his adopted home. Ambitious, intelligent, short-tempered, impulsive, and a passionate orator, Patoha's political career would span six decades and be characterized by a series of moments in which he nearly achieved the balance of power before losing it to rivals' intrigues or his own shortsightedness. After a five-year stint as Deputy President, Patoha would be expelled from the ISD for alleged "moral indecency" (no charges were filed, and the accusation statement was never specified). He returned to the United Combatants to lead the local, where he attained maverick status for his bombastic leadership style and much publicized efforts to secure zoning rights for a massively overfunded new headquarters (which would not be completed until thirteen years after he resigned as union president).

Patoha eventually fell out with the Combatants over alleged embezzlement of pension funds, though he remained a member for life. From the 2220s onward, he remained a permanent fixture in Alder City politics, moving from the opposition New Sun to the Independent Caucus. An old-style boss, he continuously advocated for public works projects in his district and returned to front pages briefly in the early 2250s for his (unsuccessful) efforts against an ISD measure to depopulate the frontier districts, which earned him back the love of the masses. Though he had been out of the public eye for decades, after his death at the age of 108, thousands of mourners attended the funeral of "Baba Patoha", a colorful figure who despite all his faults touched the lives of tens of thousands during his decades in the Corporation Assembly.


Just wait until I actually get my shit together
The Place Beyond The Pines
Presidents of the United States of Brazil:
1918-1922: Rodrigues Alves (Republicano Paulista)
1922-1926: Artur Bernardes (Republicano Mineiro)
1926-1927: Fernando de Melo (Republicano Mineiro)

1927: Brazilian Civil War sees a coalition of São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, and the Northeastern States oust de Melo.
1927-1928: Borges de Medeiros (Republicano Rio-Grandense)
1928-1932: João Pessoa Cavalcanti de Albuquerque (Republicano Paraíba)
1932-1936: Otávio Mangabeira (Republicano Baiano)
1936-1938: João Mangabeira (Esquerda Democrática)

def. 1936: Getúlio Vargas (Republicano Rio-Grandense), Gustavo Dodt Barroso (Ação Integralista), Júlio Prestes (Liberal)
1938: After meeting with Carlos Labarca of Chile, Several generals led by Dutra overthrew the Government

1938-1938: Gaspar Dutra (Military Junta)
1938: One week later, Dutra was counter-couped by Leftist elements who established the Union of Brazil

Chairmen of the Union of Brazil:
1938-1942: Minervino de Oliveira (Sindicalista)
1942-1946: Patrícia Rehder Galvão (Sindicalista)

A quick Kaiserreich list of a Syndicalist Brazil.
POD: Ohuro resigns rather than call a general election so the LibDem sympathy vote doesn't happen.

1978-80: Masayoshi Ōhira (Liberal Democrats)
1980-83: Shintaro Abe (Liberal Democrats)
1983- : Yōhei Kōno ("Popular Front")


Everyday is Like Sunday

1957-1963: Harold Macmillan (Conservative led Conservative Coalition)
def. 1957 (Majority): Hugh Gaitskell (Labour), Jo Grimond (Liberal)
1963-1964: Alec Douglas Home (Unionist led Conservative Coalition)
1964-1968: Harold Wilson (Labour) † [1]

def. 1964 (Majority): Alec Douglas-Home (Unionist led Conservative Coalition), Jo Grimond (Liberal)
def. 1966 (Majority): Edward Heath (Conservative), Jo Grimond (Liberal)

1968-1971: Barbara Castle (Labour) [2]
1971-1973: Edward Heath (Conservative) [3]

def. 1971 (Majority): Barbara Castle (Labour), Jeremy Thorpe (Liberal)
1973-1974: Airey Neave (Conservatie) † [4]
def. 1974 (Minority): James Callaghan (Labour), Emlyn Hooson (Liberal), Roy Jenkins (Democratic), John O'Brien (National Front)
1974-19xx: Harold Macmillan, Earl of Stockton (Crossbench Peer led National Government including Conservative, Liberal, Democratic) [5]

1- On the Second of June, 1968, Harold Wilson was gunned down in the street. His assassin had shot him because of what he read in the Daily Mirror: that Wilson had to be stopped as he was slowly shuffling the Country to and over the brink into disaster. While Cecil King, the author, advocated a vague notion of Parliamentary impeachment for the Prime Minister, the assassin had other plans when it became evident that Wilson would not be removed, and thus made Wilson one of only two First Lord of the Treasuries to be killed in office. Wilson survived in the initial shooting, despite being fired upon seven times at near close range- he survived just long enough that he could say goodbye to Mary and his Children. Mourned by the country and granted the rare privilege of a State Funeral, not an eye in Britain was dry as his funeral procession made its way to Huddersfield. The old were in anguish. The young felt robbed. Wilson's four years in Office may not have been loved, but in seven shots he had become a martyr. But as the black suits were put away and damp handkerchiefs stuffed back into pockets, the future kept its murky funeral shroud as Wilson's successor moved into No. 10.
2- Castle entered office on a flurry of goodwill. Formally the Minister of Overseas Development, then transport, then Employment, she was entitled to become Britain's first woman Prime Minister by having the misfortune of being First Secretary of State at the time of Wilson's shooting. Her opposition decided to wait until after the election to make their move. Issues were quick to emerge- the economy was struggling, Trade Unions were revolting, the Party was divided, and worst of all, Ted Heath had found his voice. Castle found herself at the centre of this storm, fighting with her Chancellor Tony Crosland over the issue of the Unions, and unexpectedly finding common ground with Roy Jenkins on the same matter. The economy fared little better, with the surplus becoming deficit in '69, though decimalisation went with some ease, not that the British Public took comfort in this. James Callaghan would resign from the Home Office in 1970 following the passing of the Commonwealth Immigration Act, citing the emotional stress and the enduring depression he developed thanks to the job. His successor, Denis Healy, would be responsible for the implementation of the new Local Governments. On his part, they were something of a success, but they were nothing more that popping the bubbly on a sinking ship. Castle would stumble into a March election on the heels of fresh strikes, and despite a surprisingly energetic campaign, lost quiet badly, Labour sinking down to some 270 seats. Despite his stress, Callaghan would follow Castle as Leader- and in doing so, split the Party.
3- When Heath entered Downing Street, it was common knowledge his Premiership was that of a dead man walking. Inheriting an economy that was, as Heath would later remark candidly to his old friend Denis Healy, "fucked", and a situation with the Trade Unions that threatened to tear the country apart, Heath threw himself into his work, hoping that with enough elbow grease and backbone, he would prevail. But as pressure mounted, Heath couldn't take it. Retreated behind closed doors, he took to interacting from behind close colleagues and television screens. Some joked that Heath had died and a secret council had taken control; others took this more seriously, with the Chairman of the 1922 sighing relief when the Prime Minister appeared in Parliament. He became known as the 'Hermit Minister', but he did not shy away from duty. With the Trade Unions, he entered a duel; taking a hard line on strikers in an effort to 'break them' and the grip the Unions had, the Government enacted emergency measures, such as the long-weekends, at the height of the strikes. Heath, nor the Union bosses, blinked. At least until Bloody Sunday. A soldier, guarding non-union workers, shot and killed four strikers at a coal mine in Kent whilst trying to protect a convoy they had blocked. The nation seemed to imploded over night, with riots on a scale unseen in generations, martial law enacted in certain regions, with some even saying that the Trouble ridden Ulster was preferably to Hackney. After many attempts to placate the rioters, Heath retreated to Chequers. While there, the man who would succeed him visited, and told him the words he had uttered some years earlier: "You're finished". With no where left to go, Heath took the gracious decision to step down as Prime Minister, hoping that it would placate the rioters, although violence would continue as it took a nasty ethnic bent, though this was limited and easily dealt with as the majority dissipated as Heath left the country to his successor.
4- Airey Neave's motivation for becoming Prime Minister was personal. Dismissed by Heath following his heart attack in 1959 and feeling that his career had been unfairly clipped, the former spy found himself thrust into the perfect opportunity to prove his predecessor wrong, and it was an opertunity that he took on with vigour. Despite having only held minor roles in Government and on various select committees, Neave found the cloth of Leadership to be one that he fit comfortably within. With workers on strike and the social and economic fibres of Britain unraveling, Martial Law was the name of the game, and it was a game that Neave intended to play until he won. But he would need a larger majority, he felt. Following some short legislation, Neave unexpectedly thrust the nation into a General Election, taking advantage of the recent Labour split and resurgence of the Liberals in hopes he could divide and conquer. The opposite happened- an extremely hung parliament, part in thanks to surge of the Liberals and National Front. As a result Neave opted to run a minority Government until he could negotiate a Coalition. Unfortunately, the stress of the excitement he had long sought to taste was to much for him, and he suffered a catastrophic heart attack a few days later; he would die at his desk, slumped over a letter from Roy Jenkins reluctantly agreeing to form a Government.
5- On the heels of Neave's death, the nation needed a strong (and healthy) Leadership. The decision by the Queen to ask Harold Macmillan to form Government was thus something of a surprise, though, at least to her, not without some logic. Having met with her Cousin, Lord Mountbatten, a day after the election, but before Neave's sudden death, Mountbatten related to her the story of Cecil King's offer, and how he had turned him down when it was apparent treason. Whilst laughing off the idea, the notion of appointing a peer to lead the Government rooted itself, and after the sudden death of Neave, Her Majesty seriously considered the matter. Assembling the Privy Council, she sought advice on the matter. The Council was rightly split- the appointment of a Peer was drastic, and in many respects an undemocratic and partisan move by the Queen at a time of great natinal upheaval. The last thing the Privy Council wanted was a revolution on their hands. Others however, some with a vested interest in the idea, and others who believed that as the nation sunk further into a chaos a firmer hand was needed, were more responsive to the idea. Eventually the decision to appoint a Peer to Leadership of a Government of National Unity was agreed upon, though not before James Callaghan stormed out of the meeting, declaring he would have no part in a 'Dictatorship'. The question of who would lead was quickly bought up- Mountbatten declined the invitation, Baron Hailsham- then Conservative Leader in the House- was to become Lord Speaker, and even Baron Shackleton, the Labour Leader in the Lords, was unresponsive to the idea, especially once Callaghan made clear which pig he'd feed defectors to. Instead, a face emerged from the crowd to volunteer for the role, the familiar whiskered face of the recently created Earl of Stockton, Harold Macmillan, who would form this Unity Government a scant month after the election, and to unprecedented controversy...
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