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Lists of Heads of Government and Heads of State

Sideways

"A classic of the genre" --Kathleen Stock
Published by SLP
Location
Teignmouth, Devon
Pronouns
She/Her
Starmerpunk

2019-2022: Boris Johnson (Conservative)
2019: Boris Johnson (Conservative) [365] Jeremy Corbyn (Labour) [202] Nicola Sturgeon (SNP) [48] Jo Swinson (Liberal Democrat) [11] Arlene Foster (DUP) [8] Michelle O'Neill (Sinn Fein) [7] Adam Price (Plaid Cymru) [4] Colum Eastwood (SDLP) [2] Sian Berry and Jon Bartley (Green Party England & Wales) [1] Naomi Long (Alliance) [1] Lindsay Hoyle (Speaker) [1]

Boris Johnson left office of his own volition having got the country through Brexit and COVID and also several nasty financial and sex scandals involving members of his cabinet, usually himself. By 2022 questions were piling up about the COVID Independent Investigation into government actions and how many died. Boris decided, of his own choice and with no compulsion, to leave office.

2022-2024: Priti Patel (Conservative)

Initially popular; Patel pushed a strategy she described as "The British Reawakening" - the Festival of Britain; enforcing a law that all schools should fly the Union Jack; the new Ministry of British Values worked on promoting British culture and values in areas where it was considered to have negative associations, such as Pride, mosques, youth groups, etc. The new Migration Ministry was tasked with looking for ways to tackle the skills shortage and new options were created such as residential work placement programmes in farming for the long term unemployed, and an opportunity for students to offset course costs by participating in work placement programmes.

The death of the Queen and the ensuing funeral and coronation tested the utility of new crimes such as indirect online abuse (designed as a online version of the rule protecting public statues) and the new legal responsibility for schools to promote British values. Shortly after, a ban on VPNs and encryption came into place.

While all this was relatively popular, many felt that Priti Patel herself was untrustworthy, too weak, too unemotional, and finally, too indecisive. She was seen as weak for allowing a second Scottish referendum to take place in 2023 and while Scotland remained in the UK it was seen as no thanks to her. By September 2024 everyone had been expecting an election for two and a half years and her failure to call one was seen as weakness.

2024-2032: Keir Starmer (Labour)

2024: Keir Starmer (Labour) [305] Priti Patel (Conservative) [274] Michael Matheson (SNP) [39] Ed Davey (Liberal Democrat) [9] Michelle O'Neill (Sinn Fein) [7] Naomi Long (Alliance) [6] Adam Price (Plaid Cymru) [4] Edwin Poots (DUP) [3] Doug Beattie UUP [2] Cleo Lake and Jon Bartley (Green Party England & Wales) [1]

Starmer did not win a majority, but he had a confidence and supply arrangement with the SNP and was able to maintain a basic government achieving much of what he wanted. On trans issues, the need to prove mental sufferring caused by dysphoria was replaced with a requirement for a doctor to prove the person is of sound body and mind, and two consultations into the Gender Recognition Act took place. On patriotism issues, Scottish and Welsh schools won the right to fly national flags, and got greater devolution. A further £80 billion was released for HS2 to complete phase 1 by 2035.

The NHS received a boost in funding, as did the new green investment bank, however the government offset the cost of this by unrestricting tuition fees, scrapping the house of commons refit plans, and other cost-saving measures.

2028: Keir Starmer (Labour) [332] Liz Truss (Conservative) [287] Nualla McAllister (Alliance) [12] Nicola Sturgeon (SNP) [11] Layla Moran (Liberal Democrat) [9] Helen Mary Jones (Plaid Cymru) [6] Michelle O'Neill (Sinn Fein) [5] Magid Magid and Alexandra Philips (Green Party England & Wales) [4] Rishi Sunak (One Nation) [3] Emma Little Pengally (UUP) [1]

Starmer's second term, with a majority, was taken as his opportunity to finally implement his vision for Britain. The commitment for schools and public bodies to promote British values was replaced by a comprehensive anti-radicalisation and mental health plan, individual to each student. An independent enquiry into COVID began in 2030. New internet passports made it more possible to track individual users and wipe out online abuse and formed the basis for new free ID cards people could use to vote. A third consultation on the Gender Recognition Act promised more than any other, including recognition of non-binary people and 16-18 year olds. New government backed private degree loans allowed people to pay the excess costs of a degree not covered by the Student Loan Company. In 2029, the House of Lords was replaced with a senate that was 50% directly elected and 50% appointed by the House of Commons.

However, Starmer was himself increasingly unpopular, and his government was riven with disputes. Particularly in his handling of eco-terrorism, radicalisation, police brutality, and the Barnsley Massacre. The final nail in his coffin was his inability to prevent Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland from holding simultaenous independence referendums. This was the final nail in his coffin, particularly as Northern Ireland elected to become an Autonomous Republic within Ireland.

2030-2040: Andy Burnham (Labour)

2030: Andy Burnham (Labour) [342] Esther McVey (Conservative) [249] Daisy Cooper (Liberal Democrat) [18] Helen Mary Jones (Plaid Cymru) [15] Jo Cherry (SNP) [13] Zack Polanski (Green Party England & Wales) [9] Rishi Sunak (One Nation) [5]
Burnham was elected with a landslide over Angela Rayner and put forward a plan for rebuilding. More importantly, he immediately called an election and won easily against a divided Conservative Party, whose moderates had recently split.

The new government implemented a National Police Service and a new Data Analysis Cross-Referencing Identification and Retention Act (DACRIR) which allowed the government to store voice and video recordings and form digital profiles of individuals attached to their Internet Passport. A new multi-tiered approach to radicalising organisations recognised the idea that radicalisation is a pipeline and attempted to monitor and control access to pre-criminal stages.

On a social welfare note, Burnham's government introduced a University Voucher system that substantially reduced the cost of education, and abolished residential workfare. The rail network was renationalised, with the plan that it would be ready for the first stage of HS2 to open in 2038. The school service was also renationalised. With schools offered the option to remain as private companies or rejoin the public sector under the new National Education Service.
2035: Andy Burnham (Labour) [353] Charlie Wilson (Democratic Party) [219] Roza Salih (SNP) [26] Daisy Cooper (Liberal Democrat) [22] Heledd Fychan (Plaid Cymru) [19] Charlie Caine (Green Party England & Wales) [14] Rosie Duffield (One Nation) [8]

Burnham's second term started, for the fourth time, with an increased majority, The Tories had begun to reform under their billionaire leader with a still incoherent policy platform.

Labour, however, was also struggling to form a coherent platform. With the development of a full set of regional mayors and unitary councils, Labour's constitutional goals were completed, HS2 stage 1 was progressing nicely, and a new tranche of NES schools were coming together. A new National Investigation Service was created to manage growing illegal immigration, eco-terrorism, and organised crime. A new social housing initiative was launched and a new government backed saving plan was set up to help millennials without housing/pensions to save for retirement.

Burnham made the decision to remain uninvolved in the Estonian War, citing memories of Iraq in his biography. The decision did, however, cause a rift between the UK and the EU-US alliance that would grow more massive as time went on and was the beginning of British isolationism.

Labour made attempts to deal with the growing forces of the far-right and left. By 2040, support for the Monarchy was a minority opinion, while the far-right ultra nationalist Movement For Britain won councils in some areas. part There was growing agitation for vast political and social reform. Labour moved to a 100% elected House of Lords. The Gender Identity Act passed in 2036 and made Britain the 36th country to recognise gender self-id without a doctor's assessment. Britain also became the 21st country to recognise non-binary identities. They also started a consultation to launch a form of national service, which they hoped would both curtail the growth of the far-left and placate the far-right.

2040-2045: Paris Lees (Democratic Party)

2040: Paris Lees (Democratic Party) [355] Andy Burnham (Labour) [212] Roza Salih (SNP) [24] Charlie Caine (Green Party England & Wales) [21] Chris Annous (Liberal Democrat) [15] Ben Lake (Plaid Cymru) [17] Ruth Smeeth (One Nation) [4] Jack Buckby (Movement For Britain) [4]

Elected on the back of policy missteps, ecological collapse and recession, Paris Lees was the first transgender Prime Minister of the UK and a moderate within the Democrats - one who would never have been at home in the old Conservatives. The new government had a radical set of policies - abolishing DACRIR, reforming the National Police Force to follow a federal structure, a new Ministry of Geoengineering was established to deal with global climate change and in 2041 HS2 was officially shelved and replaced with a plan for a National Maglev Network which was hoped would link London to Birmingham in six minutes and would be operational by 2061.

The Government's new Rent Prioritisation Policy changed housing - it allowed renters to buy and earn shares in rental firms and benefit from the housing market. In 2040 31.7% of people still owned their own home. By 2045 this was down to 20.5% and over half of UK housing stock was owned by housing companies.

Paris pushed ahead on social matters. By putting transgender healthcare into the hands of GPs the average wait time for HRT went down from 5 years to a matter of months. Intersex infant genital surgeries were banned, Britain became the third country in the world to legalise polyamorous marriage, and marijuana was legalised. Pris has even pushed the COVID enquiry, which reported in 2047 to the embarrassment of many older members of the party's right.

Constitutionally, the Democrats are replacing the mess of English mayoralties and Unitary Councils with regional parliaments. But the biggest achievement was the Monarchy Referendum of 2044, which implemented "soft republicanism" - The Senate will elect a President from candidates selected by the Commons. King William retained the crown in a purely ceremonial capacity, with some rights to claim funding through the Crown Estate Trust.

Arguably the biggest achievement was the election of Ollie Middleton, from the right of the Labour Party. Labour has been on board with a large number of Democratic policies and has even assisted in dealing with Paris' own right wing rebels. Political commentators are talking about a new era of consensus in politics. Middleton, keen on feminism, has placed women into positions shadowing all the great offices of state. Many commentators believe it is likely that Labour's first female leader will be elected before 2060.
 
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claybaskit

Well-known member
1932:Edgar Lincoln Democratic John Nance Garner
def:Herbet Hoover Curtis Republican
1960: Edgar Lincoln Democratic Hubert Humphrey

A senator from Illinois like his famous grandfather elected to the presidency at age 45.bowed out of reelection recovering from a assaigns bullet.suceeded by Fdr then Eisenhower. defeated Richard Nixon to win non consecutive term at age 72.
 
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Turquoise Blue

Acutely Tibby
Patreon supporter
Location
The Land of the Trembling Star (UK)
Pronouns
they/them
@Sideways: This is a nice change from your previous lists. Characteristically Sideways still, and definitely your best yet.

The Tories having a trans Prime Minister is very Starmerpunk, lmao. I could actually see myself voting Conservative Democratic in this world.

I do have to say I do love the solution you did to the monarchy question. It is very "have your cake and eat it", a very Tory answer.
 

claybaskit

Well-known member
1992: George H. Bush Republican Dan Quayle
Def: William Jefferson Clinton Democratic Albert Gore j.r.
Def: Ross Perrot Independent Dan Choate

1996: Albert Gore j.r.Democratic Bill Bradley
Def: Jack Kemp Republican Liz Dole
2000: Albert Gore Democratic Bill Bradley
Def: John Mcain Republican Richard Cheney
 

Sideways

"A classic of the genre" --Kathleen Stock
Published by SLP
Location
Teignmouth, Devon
Pronouns
She/Her
@Sideways: This is a nice change from your previous lists. Characteristically Sideways still, and definitely your best yet.

The Tories having a trans Prime Minister is very Starmerpunk, lmao. I could actually see myself voting Conservative Democratic in this world.

I do have to say I do love the solution you did to the monarchy question. It is very "have your cake and eat it", a very Tory answer.
Thank you, that means a lot, coming from you.

Yeah, I'm kind of imagining the Democrats as a party that's eyeing the rise of the left and leftist ideas carefully and is trying to get the jump on changes that are starting to seem inevitable before they get taken up in some uncontrolled way. Also, a good chunk of "pissed off with the general malaise of British politics" voters/activists
 

Turquoise Blue

Acutely Tibby
Patreon supporter
Location
The Land of the Trembling Star (UK)
Pronouns
they/them
Thank you, that means a lot, coming from you.

Yeah, I'm kind of imagining the Democrats as a party that's eyeing the rise of the left and leftist ideas carefully and is trying to get the jump on changes that are starting to seem inevitable before they get taken up in some uncontrolled way. Also, a good chunk of "pissed off with the general malaise of British politics" voters/activists
So in a sense they're actually One Nation Tory, unlike the bullshit One Nation Toryism May and Boris claimed to be.
 

Time Enough

"Enthusiastic Cis Male Partner"
Pronouns
He/Him
1976-1980: James Callaghan (Labour)
1978 (Majority) def: Margaret Thatcher (Conservative), David Steel (Liberal)
1980-1982: Eric Varley (Labour)
1982-1989: Peter Walker (Conservative)
1982 (Majority) def: Eric Varley (Labour), David Steel (Liberal), Douglas Henderson replacing Gordon Wilson (SNP)
1986 (Majority) def: Neil Kinnock (Labour), David Penhaligon (Liberal), Douglas Henderson (SNP)

1989-1991: Tom King (Conservative)
1991-: David Blunkett (Labour)

1991 (Majority) def: Tom King (Conservative), David Penhaligon-Sara Parkin (Alliance 90’), Margaret Ewing (SNP), David Owen (Reform)

Callaghan decides to call and manages to win the 78’ election and gain a decent majority as a result. Not long after the men in grey suits push Thatcher aside and the Unity candidate of Walker wins decisively. Callaghan eventually throws in the towel after a couple of years and after a leadership election that see’s the Soft Left and the Right beat the shit out of each other the wonky Unity candidate of Eric Varley wins on a message of bland Gaitskellite Euroscepticism.

Economic problems still occur and whilst Varley does manage to pull the country out of recession (through unpopular austerity measures) problems with Unions and Crime in the inner cities causes the Conservative’s to win on a policy of law and order and greater economic strength. The SNP manage to rocket back too as Gordon Wilson stumbles and is replaced by Douglas Henderson.

Peter Walker brings about Monetarist Lite policies, austerity is curtailed after awhile with money being pumped into inner cities as part of Home Secretary Heseltine’s ‘City Rejuvenation Scheme’. Unions are still curtailed though Scargill’s grand plans for a Miners Strike with Flying Pickets as main attack force are put on hold when he’s ousted in a leadership election brought about by a vote of no confidence, which is won by Moderate Rival Tommy Bartle who commits to a more traditional strike in 84’ and loses.

Meanwhile in Labour, Neil Kinnock wins the Post 82’ leadership election against the Bennite persuasion but is unable to push through the modernisation agenda he would want, if anything it’s worse as the Bennites manage to find a more capable leader in Ken Coates who steers the Left away from State Socialism of the 70s towards a more Municipal style model under the guise of the ‘Labour Action Group’.

The 1986 election is another victory for Walker, with only minor gains for Labour, with mainly the Liberals under David Penhaligon being the main benefactors of that election. Walker is ecstatic as he carries on his Monetarist plans to Liberalise Britain. As Kinnock sinks into depression and the factional fighting begins again, Walker seems unstoppable.

That is until he’s crippled by an PIRA bomb aimed at Northern Irish Secretary Ian Gow. The country is thrown into disarray and the Conservative leadership election that follows is a bitter one that leads to no one being particularly happy with the result as Tom King manages to edge himself into No 10 against a crowded field. Around the same time, Kinnock battles a leadership election against John Smith and when he does worse than expected he resigns. The hope for the Labour Right that John Smith will take over is sullied by his sudden death whilst Munro Bagging. In the vacuum that ensues, David Blunkett becomes the Unity candidate who’s lack of parliamentary experience is outweighed by his successful gig in charge of Sheffield Council.

1990 brings with it new opportunities and trials for Labour, as the appearance of the so called Poll Tax leads to widespread rioting and civil unrest. King retreats from the tax but finds himself losing support and is only saved by the fact that the potential leadership challenger ends up being Jerry Hayes. But Labour’s fortunes briefly hit a speed bump when David Owen, a pariah within the Labour Party decides he’s had enough and starts the Reform Party with a number of similar likeminded Labour MPs.

At first Reform bites into Labour as polls see a slow rise for King’s Conservative’s. But Reform’s message of Radical Centerism and Lite Euroscepticism takes root in the Suburbs and the Conservative’s see a massive dip in support, which is increase by the successful creation of the Alliance 90’ between the Liberals and Greens who manage to gain support from the rural areas.

When the 1991 election comes around for many there is a sense that whoever will win will be a minority government. When Blunkett manages to win a majority of 7 it surprises many but Blunkett takes to government with zeal. But his Soft Left credentials mean little as his government becomes a force of grumpy mildly socially conservative Social Democracy.

It’s now 1993, Blunkett now has a majority of 5 due to a by election defeat and ‘Lol’ Duffy being forced out of the Labour Party leading to him sitting as an Independent Labour MP. The Labour Action Group now has more power than ever, but many in the Labour Right like John Spellar and Gordon Brown would rather see them purged from the party than rely on there support.

As a Government hangs in the balance, a by election looms as Nottingham East MP, Dermot Arthur resigns due to family trouble. Hopes amongst the local parties for a local candidate are dashed when Geoff Hoon, a Blunkettite Staffer is imposed on the CLP. Seeing an opportunity, a group of Socialists implore Nottinghamshire Left Wing Legend, John Peck to stand, but content with his council position he declines. But he does suggest a replacement.

Mark Ashton, a veteran of LGSM, of Anti-Poll Tax demonstrations and one of the few to join Dave Cook’s nascent Green Left Alliance, Ashton has made a name for himself on the British Left. Through the support of his former Communists comrades, the local Alliance group and even a Labour Action Group MP Alan Simpson, Ashton seems ready to pull off the impossible...
 
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Gary Oswald

Old and Foolish now
Sea Lion Press staff
Published by SLP
Pronouns
he/him
So I wrote a timeline.

Presidents of Liberia
Country declared independence from the American Colonization Society in 1847:

1848-1856: Joseph Jenkins Roberts (Independent/Republican)

1847: def Samuel Benedict (Anti-Administration)
1849: uncontested
1851: uncontested
1853: uncontested

1856-1864: Stephen Allen Benson (Independent/Republican)
1855: uncontested
1857: uncontested
1859: uncontested
1861: uncontested

1864-1868: Daniel Bashiel Warner (Republican)
1863: uncontested
1865: uncontested

1869-1870: James Spriggs Payne (Republican)
1867: def Edward James Roye (True Whig)
1870-1871: Edward James Roye (True Whig)- Killed during Republican Uprising
1869: def James Spriggs Payne (Republican)
1871: James Skivring Smith (True Whig) - Killed during Republican Uprising
1871-1872: Hilary Richard Wright Johnson (True Whig)- Resigned mid term
1872-1881: Edward Wilmot Blyden (True Whig)

1873: uncontested
1877: def Selim Aga (Independent)

1881-1889: Benjamin Joseph Knight Anderson (Christian)
1881: def William Spencer Anderson (True Whig)
1885: def William Spencer Anderson (True Whig)

1889-1893: Joseph James Cheeseman (Christian)
1889: def Joseph J. Ross (True Whig)
1893-1897: Doblee Zeppey (True Whig)
1893: def Joseph James Cheeseman (Christian)
1897-1913: Momulu Massaquoi (True Whig)
1897: def Arthur Barclay (Christian)
1901: def Joseph D . Summerville (Christian)
1905: def James A Toliver (Christian)
1909: def Garretson W. Gibson (Christian), Gueh-Gueh (All-Liberia)

1913-1921: Henry Too Wesley (Patriotic Union)
1913: def Momulu Massaquoi (True Whig)
1917: def Gabriel Moore Johnson (True Whig)

1921: Gabriel Moore Johnson (True Whig) - Resigned mid term
1921: def Henry Too Wesley (Patriotic Union)
1921-1926: Marcus Garvey (True Whig) - Killed during the French Occupation
1925: def Mulbah Yongo (Patriotic Union)
1926-29: Allen Yancy (True Whig)
1929-36: Thomas Jefferson Richelieu Faulkner (Patriotic Union) - Died of Natural Causes

1929: def Allen Yancy (True Whig)
1933: def Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)

1936-37: Clarence Gray (Patriotic Union)
1937-45: Abdourahmane Sinkoun Kaba (True Whig)

1937: def Clarence Gray (Patriotic Union), Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)
1941: def Clarence Gray (Patriotic Union), Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)

1945-53: Nathaniel Varney Massaquoi (True Whig)
1945: def Clarence Gray (Patriotic Union), Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)
1949: def Plenyolo Gbe Wolo (Patriotic Union), Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)

1953-57: Alexander Harper (Patriotic Union)
1953: def Nathaniel Varney Massaquoi (True Whig), Ahmed Sékou Turé (Socialist)
1957-64: Hortense Sie (True Whig) - Resigned mid term
1957: def Alexander Harper (Patriotic Union), Ahmed Sékou Turé (Socialist)
1961: def Ahmed Sékou Turé (Socialist), Edwin Barclay (Patriotic Union)

1964-69: Albert Porte (True Whig)
1965: def Bennie Dee Warner (Patriotic Union), William Tolbert (Socialist)
1969-73: Henry Fomba Moniba (True Whig)
1969: def William Tolbert (Socialist), Bennie Dee Warner (Patriotic Union)
1973-81: Togba-Nah Tipoteh (Socialist)
1973: def Henry Fomba Moniba (True Whig), Cletus Wotorson (Patriotic Union)
1977: def Chea Cheapoo (True Whig), Cletus Wotorson (Patriotic Union)

1981-85: Angie Brooks (Socialist)
1981: def Ruth Sando Fahnbulleh Massaquoi (True Whig), Gabriel Kpolleh (Patriotic Union)
1985: Lansana Conté (True Whig) - Killed during the Agacher Strip War
1985: def Angie Brooks (Socialist), Gabriel Kpolleh (Patriotic Union)
1985-93: Kafumba F. Konneh (True Whig)
1989: def Angie Brooks (Socialist), Enoch Dogolea (Patriotic Union)
1993-97: Oscar Jaryee Quiah (True Whig)
1993: def Joseph Woah-Tee (Socialist), Thomas Gankama-Quiwonkpwa (Patriotic Union), Alpha Condé (Guinea Nationalist Party), Alexander Louis Peal (Country Party), Thierno Abdourahmane Bah (Islamic party), Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party), Pearl Brown Bull (Progressive Christian party), Charles Taylor (Liberian Capitalist Party)

Country dissolved into the West African Federation in 1997.

Leaders of Sierra Leone
British Colony until 1961: 1947 constitution expanded the Legislative Council to 35 members.

1951-64: Prime Minister Milton Margai (Sierra Leone People's Party) - Died of Natural Causes
1951 (coalition with independents): def C M A Thompson (National Council), Herbert Bankole-Bright (True Whig)
1957 (coalition with independents): def Herbert Bankole-Bright (True Whig), C M A Thompson (National Council), J C O Crowther (Independence Movement)
1962 (coalition with independents): def Tamba Sungu Mbriwa (True Whig), Siaka Stevens (All Peoples Congress)


Independence in 1961 as Monarchy with Elizabeth II as head of state.

1964-67: Prime Minister Albert Margai (Sierra Leone People's Party)


Coup by the army after the 1967 Election sees a True Whig victory.

Martial Law under David Lansana
David Lansana
overthrown by National Reformation Council
National Reformation Council
overthrown by Anti-Corruption Revolutionary Movement

Democratically elected leader invited back into the country in 1968.

1968-1971: Prime Minister Sorie Ibrahim Koroma (True Whig)
1967 (Majority): def Albert Margai (Sierra Leone People's Party)

Monarchy abolished in 1971 and replaced with Presidential system.

1971-1979: President Sorie Ibrahim Koroma (True Whig)

1971: def Robert Granville Ojumiri King (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1975: def Albert Demby (Sierra Leone People's Party)

1979-1987: President Albert Demby (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1979: def Sorie Ibrahim Koroma (True Whig)
1983: def Sorie Ibrahim Koroma (True Whig)

1987-1997: President John Karefa-Smart (Transformation)
1987: def Albert Demby (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1991: def Abdulai Osman Conteh (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1995: def Solomon Berewa (Sierra Leone People's Party), John Arouna Karimu (Union Party)


Post 1971 Prime Ministers are simply Majority Leaders within the Assembly and so not always in Government

1971-76: Prime Minister Solomon Seisay (True Whig)
1973: def Salia Jusu-Sheriff (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1976-88: Prime Minister Salia Jusu-Sheriff (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1976: def Solomon Seisay (True Whig)
1982: def Momodu Munu (True Whig)

1988-97: Prime Minister Mana Kpaka (Transformation)
1988: def Salia Jusu-Sheriff (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1994: def Francis Obai Kabia (Sierra Leone People's Party), John Arouna Karimu (Union Party)


Country dissolved into the West African Federation in 1997.

Leaders of Guinea-Conakry
French Colony until 1960
Part of Mali Federation from 1960 to 1968

1968-1969: President Saifoulaye Diallo (Socialist) - Killed during the Portuguese Invasion

1968: uncontested
1969-1975: President Diallo Telli (Socialist)
1974: uncontested

Country dissolved into Liberia in 1975.

Leaders of Guinea-Bissau
Portuguese Colony until 1973

1973-80: President Luís Cabral (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde)

1977: uncontested
Cabral overthrown by Coup in 1980
1980-94: President João Bernardo Vieira (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde)

1984: uncontested
1989: uncontested

1994-97: President Carmen Pereira (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde)
1994: def Domingos Fernandes (Batefa Party), Kumba Ialá (Democratic Party), Veríssimo Correia Seabra (Struggle Front)

Country dissolved into the West African Federation in 1997.

Executive Council members of the West African Federation
Decisions made by a five person executive council of the elected leaders from each nation. Ceremonial Executive President role is rotating.

Guinea-Bissau

1997-2004: - Carmen Periera (African Party)

1999: def Domingos Fernandes (Batefa Party), Kumba Ialá (Democratic Party), Veríssimo Correia Seabra (Struggle Front)
2004-2014: - Francisco Fadul (African Party)
2004: def Batista Tagme Na Waie (Struggle Front), Idrissa Djaló (Batefa Party)
2009: def Aregado Mantenque Té (Struggle Front)

2014-2019: - Malam Bacai Sanhá (African Party)
2014: def Aregado Mantenque Té (Struggle Front), Kumba Iala (Social Renewal)
2019-: Nuno Gomes Nabiam (Struggle Front)
2019: def Malam Bacai Sanhá (African Party), Mamadu Iaia Djaló (Social Renewal)

Guinea-Conakry

1997-: Alpha Condé (Guinea Nationalist Party)

1996: def Mamadou Boye Bah (True Whig), Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party), Mahawa Bangoura (Socialist Party)
2000: def Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party), Mamadou Boye Bah (True Whig)
2004: def Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party), El Hajj Aboubacar Somparé (True Whig)
2008: def Rabiatou Serah Diallo (Landless People's Party), El Hadj Camara (Islamic Party)
2012: def Rabiatou Serah Diallo (Landless People's Party), El Hadj Camara (Islamic Party)
2014: def Rabiatou Serah Diallo (Landless People's Party), El Hadj Camara (Islamic Party)
2018: def Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party)


Liberia-Kankan

1997-2004: George Doré (True Whig)

1996: def Thomas Lansana Beavogui (Socialist Party), Thierno Abdourahmane Bah (Islamic party)
2000: def Koutoub Moustapha Sano (Islamic party), Hortense Martin Cissé (Socialist Party)

2004-2012: Charles Niankoye Fassou Sagno (True Whig)
2004: def Koutoub Moustapha Sano (Islamic party), Kabiné Komara (Socialist Party)
2008: def Koutoub Moustapha Sano (Islamic party), Kabiné Komara (Socialist Party)

2012-: Moussa Camara (Islamic Party)
2012: def Charles Niankoye Fassou Sagno (True Whig), Ibrahima Fofana (Socialist Party)
2016: def Djéné Kaba (True Whig), Yamadou Turé, (Socialist Party)
2020: def Djéné Kaba (True Whig), Nancee Bright (Country Party), Yamadou Ture (Socialist Party)


Liberia-Monrovia

1997: Oscar Jaryee Quiah (True Whig)
1997-2005: Amos Sawyer
(Socialist)

1997: def Oscar Jaryee Quiah (True Whig), Thomas Gankama-Quiwonkpwa (Patriotic Union), Alexander Louis Peal (Country Party), Pearl Brown Bull (Progressive Christian Party), Charles Taylor (Liberian Capitalist Party)
2001: def George Eutychianus Saigbe Boley (True Whig), Alfred Lahai Gbabai Brownell (Country Party), Thomas Gankama-Quiwonkpwa (Patriotic Union), Pearl Brown Bull (Progressive Christian Party), Jewel Howard (Liberian Capitalist Party)

2005-2008: Sekou Conneh (Socialist) - Resigned mid term
2005: def Jaybloh Nagbe Sloh (Traditional Alliance/True Whig)
2008-2017: Ellen Carney Woewiyu (Socialist)
2009: def Jaybloh Nagbe Sloh (Traditional Alliance/True Whig)
2013: def Leymah Gbowee (True Whig), Harry Varney Gboto-Nambi Sherman (Patriotic Union), Silas Kpanan'Ayoung Siakor (Country Party), George Weah (Liberian Capitalist Party)

2017- Jehmu Greene (Green Alliance/True Whig)
2017: def MacDonald Wento (Socialist), Benoni Urey (Patriotic Union), MacDella Cooper (Progressive Christian Party), Richelieu Dennis (Liberian Capitalist Party)

Sierra Leone

1997-1999: John Karefa-Smart (Transformation)
1999-2007: Edward Turay (Transformation)

1999: def Solomon Berewa (Sierra Leone People's Party), John Arouna Karimu (Union Party)
2003: def Ernest Bai Komora (Union Party), Abdul Kady Karim (Sierra Leone People's Party)

2003-2011: Ernest Bai Komora (Union Party)
2003: def Edward Turay (Tranformation), Julius Maada Bio (Sierra Leone People's Party)
2007: def Alhaji Samuel Sidique Sam-Sumana (Transformation), Julius Maada Bio (Sierra Leone People's Party), Nemata Majeks-Walker (Women's Party)

2011-2015: John Onoje (Union Party)
2011: def John Caulker (Transformation), Samura Kamara (Sierra Leone People's Party), Femi Claudius Cole (Women's Party)
2015-: John Caulker (Transformation)
2015: def John Onoje (Union Party), Bernadette Lahai (Sierra Leone People's Party), Salamatu Kamara (Women's Party)
2019: def Bernadette Lahai (Sierra Leone People's Party), Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh (Union Party)
 

Gary Oswald

Old and Foolish now
Sea Lion Press staff
Published by SLP
Pronouns
he/him
So Liberia was more successful in taking the interior and then ate the smaller coastal French Guinea but the WAF allowed the Guinean nationalists to win back power there?
Yeah, basically. But also the formation of the WAF gave Monrovia an excuse to give further control to Conakry and preempt a civil war,
 

Blackentheborg

Dennis Skinner's molotov
Location
Llareggub, Wales
Pronouns
He/Him
2015-2025: Justin Trudeau (Liberal majority)
def. Stephen Harper (Conservative), Thomas Mulcair (New Democratic), Gilles Duceppe (Bloc Québécois), Elizabeth May (Green)
def. Andrew Scheer (Conservative), Yves-François Blanchet (Bloc Québécois), Jagmeet Singh (New Democratic), Elizabeth May (Green), Maxime Bernier (People's)

"...approval ratings for the Prime Minister have faltered after scientific advisors floated a temporary lockdown to prevent the spread of Boleyn/Plumhomme Disease..."

def. Erin O'Toole (Conservative), Jagmeet Singh (New Democratic), Yves-François Blanchet (Bloc Québécois), Annamie Paul (Green)
"...police have locked down the entirety of the Rideau-Rockcliffe Ward, as the individuals responsible for the bloodshed at 24 Sussex may still be at large..."

2025-2027: Chrystia Freeland (Liberal majority)
def. Leslyn Lewis (Conservative), Jagmeet Singh (New Democratic), Xavier Barsalou-Duval (Bloc Québécois), Eddie Francis (Independents for Canada), Annamie Paul (Green)
"...public mourning events for the Trudeau Family were once again halted as new outbreaks in Fredericton required an emergency cabinet assembly to clear use of armed forces..."

2027-2029: Leslyn Lewis (Conservative minority w/ Canada Rebuild c&s)
def. Chrystia Freeland (Liberal), Derek Sloan (Canada Rebuild), Jagmeet Singh (New Democratic), Xavier Barsalou-Duval (Bloc Québécois), Annamie Paul (Green)
"...continued unrest as provincial police forces are spread thinner and thinner to combat the spreading groups of infected in multiple hot spots across the American border..."

2029-20??: Derek Sloan (Canada Rebuild-leading Conservative minority)
- elections suspended
"...well that's just the thing, Ian [Hanomansing], he's well within his right to do this. We've lost two Prime Ministers to these infected now, the fact that it was allowed to happen even once is preposterous. I for one welcome these new immigration restrictions, and believe it's what the country needs to get back on track..."

2033-20??: Derek Sloan (Canada Rebuild majority)
def. David Orchard (Liberal), Stephen Lecce (Conservative), Xavier Barsalou-Duval (Bloc Québécois), Laurin Liu (New Democratic), Bryanne Lamoureux (Green)
"...make no mistake, it was the radical socialist ideas, not Boleyn/Plumhomme Disease, that finally felled the United States. I don't care if my words are taken in a politically incorrect light, they spent too much time making sure welfare leeches and gang-bangers survived when they should've been looking after themselves..."

def. James Beddome (Green-NDP Alliance), Lucas Borchenko (Liberal), Naheed Nenshi (Progressive Conservative), Currie Dixon (Conservative)
"...with the Prime Minister once again accusing the Farm Products Council of spreading misinformation promoted by overseas interests. Farmers from areas still effected by the seasonal affects of the Indo-Pakistani atmospheric blight were arrested en-masse..."
 
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Anarcho-Occultist

Well-known member
Rothbard’s Dream

Strom Thurmond/Fielding L. Wright (States’Rights) 1949-1953


1948: Def. Harry Truman/Alben Barkley (Democrat), Thomas Dewey/Earl Warren (Republican), Henry Wallace/Glenn Taylor (Progressive)
Robert Taft/William F. Knowland (Republican) 1953*

1952: Def. Adlai Stevenson/John Rarick (Democrat), Dwight Eisenhower/various (Independent)
William F. Knowland/vacant (Republican) 1953-1957

Adlai Stevenson/Estes Kefauver (Democrat) 1957-1965

1956: Def. William F. Knowland/Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (Republican)

1960: Def. Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr./Richard Nixon (Republican), Harry F. Byrd/various (States’ Rights)

Lyndon B. Johnson/Hubert Humphrey (Democrat) 1965-1969

1964: Def. Barry Goldwater/William E. Miller (Republican)

Carl Oglesby/Karl Hess (Peace and Freedom) 1969-1973

1968: Def. George Wallace/Harland Sanders (American Independent), Lyndon B. Johnson/Hubert Humphrey (Democrat), George Romney/Ronald Reagan (Republican)

John Hospers/Tonie Nathan (Libertarian) 1973-1981

1972: Def. Carl Oglesby/Karl Hess (Peace and Freedom), Henry Jackson/Frank Church (Democrat), Gerald Ford/William F. Buckley (Republican)

1976: Def. Ronald Reagan/John Tower (Republican), George McGovern/John B. Anderson (Peace and Freedom/Democrat)

Roger MacBride/David Bergland (Libertarian) 1981-1989

1980: Def. Ronald Reagan/Howard Baker (Republican), Ralph Nader/Jesse Jackson (Peace and Freedom), Joe Biden/Walter Mondale (Democrat)

1984: Def. Alexander Haig/Paul Laxalt (Republican), Jerry Brown/Mickey Leland (Peace and Freedom/Democrat), Lee Iacocca/Paul Tsongas (Independent Democrat)

Pat Buchanan/David Duke (Republican) 1989-1997

1988: Def. David Koch/Harry Browne (Libertarian), Mike Gravel/Noam Chomsky (Peace, Freedom and Democracy)

1992: Def. Charles Koch/Andre Marrou (Libertarian), John Lewis/Bernie Sanders (Peace, Freedom and Democracy)

Ross Perot/James Stockdale (Reform) 1997-2005

1996: Def. David Duke/Trent Lott (Republican), Bill Weld/Gary Johnson (Libertarian), Paul Wellstone/Howard Dean (Peace, Freedom and Democracy)

2000: Def. Howard Phillips/Dana Rohrabacher (Republican), L. Neil Smith/Mary Ruwart (Libertarian), Ralph Nader/Cynthia Nixon (Peace, Freedom and Democracy)

Ron Paul/Paul Craig Roberts (Libertarian/Republican) 2005-2013

2004: Def. Angus King/John McCain (Reform), Matt Gonzalez/Jim Hightower (Peace, Freedom and Democracy)

2008: Def. Jesse Ventura/Jerry Brown (Reform/Peace, Freedom and Democracy), Angela Davis/Howie Hawkins (‘True’ Peace, Freedom and Democracy)

Donald Trump/Michael Flynn (Reform, then Reform/Republican) 2013-2021

2012: Def. Tom Tancredo/Roy Moore (Republican), Gary Johnson/Andrew Napolitano (Libertarian), Martin Luther King III/John Eder (Peace, Freedom and Democracy)

2016: Def. Bernie Sanders/Nina Turner (Peace, Freedom and Democracy), John McAfee/Austin Petersen (Libertarian), Jesse Ventura/Buddy Roemer (‘True’ Reform)

Lew Rockwell/Tom Woods (Libertarian) 2021-

2020: Def. Donald Trump, Jr./Stephen Miller (Reform/Republican), Chuy Garcia/Cori Bush (Peace, Freedom and Democracy)
 

Bolt451

BOOK IT, TONY!
Location
Sandford, Gloucestershire
Pronouns
She/Her
So I wrote a timeline.

Presidents of Liberia
Country declared independence from the American Colonization Society in 1847:

1848-1856: Joseph Jenkins Roberts (Independent/Republican)

1847: def Samuel Benedict (Anti-Administration)
1849: uncontested
1851: uncontested
1853: uncontested

1856-1864: Stephen Allen Benson (Independent/Republican)
1855: uncontested
1857: uncontested
1859: uncontested
1861: uncontested

1864-1868: Daniel Bashiel Warner (Republican)
1863: uncontested
1865: uncontested

1869-1870: James Spriggs Payne (Republican)
1867: def Edward James Roye (True Whig)
1870-1871: Edward James Roye (True Whig)- Killed during Republican Uprising
1869: def James Spriggs Payne (Republican)
1871: James Skivring Smith (True Whig) - Killed during Republican Uprising
1871-1872: Hilary Richard Wright Johnson (True Whig)- Resigned mid term
1872-1881: Edward Wilmot Blyden (True Whig)

1873: uncontested
1877: def Selim Aga (Independent)

1881-1889: Benjamin Joseph Knight Anderson (Christian)
1881: def William Spencer Anderson (True Whig)
1885: def William Spencer Anderson (True Whig)

1889-1893: Joseph James Cheeseman (Christian)
1889: def Joseph J. Ross (True Whig)
1893-1897: Doblee Zeppey (True Whig)
1893: def Joseph James Cheeseman (Christian)
1897-1913: Momulu Massaquoi (True Whig)
1897: def Arthur Barclay (Christian)
1901: def Joseph D . Summerville (Christian)
1905: def James A Toliver (Christian)
1909: def Garretson W. Gibson (Christian), Gueh-Gueh (All-Liberia)

1913-1921: Henry Too Wesley (Patriotic Union)
1913: def Momulu Massaquoi (True Whig)
1917: def Gabriel Moore Johnson (True Whig)

1921: Gabriel Moore Johnson (True Whig) - Resigned mid term
1921: def Henry Too Wesley (Patriotic Union)
1921-1926: Marcus Garvey (True Whig) - Killed during the French Occupation
1925: def Mulbah Yongo (Patriotic Union)
1926-29: Allen Yancy (True Whig)
1929-36: Thomas Jefferson Richelieu Faulkner (Patriotic Union) - Died of Natural Causes

1929: def Allen Yancy (True Whig)
1933: def Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)

1936-37: Clarence Gray (Patriotic Union)
1937-45: Abdourahmane Sinkoun Kaba (True Whig)

1937: def Clarence Gray (Patriotic Union), Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)
1941: def Clarence Gray (Patriotic Union), Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)

1945-53: Nathaniel Varney Massaquoi (True Whig)
1945: def Clarence Gray (Patriotic Union), Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)
1949: def Plenyolo Gbe Wolo (Patriotic Union), Isaac Theophilus Akunna Wallace-Johnson (Socialist)

1953-57: Alexander Harper (Patriotic Union)
1953: def Nathaniel Varney Massaquoi (True Whig), Ahmed Sékou Turé (Socialist)
1957-64: Hortense Sie (True Whig) - Resigned mid term
1957: def Alexander Harper (Patriotic Union), Ahmed Sékou Turé (Socialist)
1961: def Ahmed Sékou Turé (Socialist), Edwin Barclay (Patriotic Union)

1964-69: Albert Porte (True Whig)
1965: def Bennie Dee Warner (Patriotic Union), William Tolbert (Socialist)
1969-73: Henry Fomba Moniba (True Whig)
1969: def William Tolbert (Socialist), Bennie Dee Warner (Patriotic Union)
1973-81: Togba-Nah Tipoteh (Socialist)
1973: def Henry Fomba Moniba (True Whig), Cletus Wotorson (Patriotic Union)
1977: def Chea Cheapoo (True Whig), Cletus Wotorson (Patriotic Union)

1981-85: Angie Brooks (Socialist)
1981: def Ruth Sando Fahnbulleh Massaquoi (True Whig), Gabriel Kpolleh (Patriotic Union)
1985: Lansana Conté (True Whig) - Killed during the Agacher Strip War
1985: def Angie Brooks (Socialist), Gabriel Kpolleh (Patriotic Union)
1985-93: Kafumba F. Konneh (True Whig)
1989: def Angie Brooks (Socialist), Enoch Dogolea (Patriotic Union)
1993-97: Oscar Jaryee Quiah (True Whig)
1993: def Joseph Woah-Tee (Socialist), Thomas Gankama-Quiwonkpwa (Patriotic Union), Alpha Condé (Guinea Nationalist Party), Alexander Louis Peal (Country Party), Thierno Abdourahmane Bah (Islamic party), Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party), Pearl Brown Bull (Progressive Christian party), Charles Taylor (Liberian Capitalist Party)

Country dissolved into the West African Federation in 1997.

Leaders of Sierra Leone
British Colony until 1961: 1947 constitution expanded the Legislative Council to 35 members.

1951-64: Prime Minister Milton Margai (Sierra Leone People's Party) - Died of Natural Causes
1951 (coalition with independents): def C M A Thompson (National Council), Herbert Bankole-Bright (True Whig)
1957 (coalition with independents): def Herbert Bankole-Bright (True Whig), C M A Thompson (National Council), J C O Crowther (Independence Movement)
1962 (coalition with independents): def Tamba Sungu Mbriwa (True Whig), Siaka Stevens (All Peoples Congress)


Independence in 1961 as Monarchy with Elizabeth II as head of state.

1964-67: Prime Minister Albert Margai (Sierra Leone People's Party)


Coup by the army after the 1967 Election sees a True Whig victory.

Martial Law under David Lansana
David Lansana
overthrown by National Reformation Council
National Reformation Council
overthrown by Anti-Corruption Revolutionary Movement

Democratically elected leader invited back into the country in 1968.

1968-1971: Prime Minister Sorie Ibrahim Koroma (True Whig)
1967 (Majority): def Albert Margai (Sierra Leone People's Party)

Monarchy abolished in 1971 and replaced with Presidential system.

1971-1979: President Sorie Ibrahim Koroma (True Whig)

1971: def Robert Granville Ojumiri King (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1975: def Albert Demby (Sierra Leone People's Party)

1979-1987: President Albert Demby (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1979: def Sorie Ibrahim Koroma (True Whig)
1983: def Sorie Ibrahim Koroma (True Whig)

1987-1997: President John Karefa-Smart (Transformation)
1987: def Albert Demby (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1991: def Abdulai Osman Conteh (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1995: def Solomon Berewa (Sierra Leone People's Party), John Arouna Karimu (Union Party)


Post 1971 Prime Ministers are simply Majority Leaders within the Assembly and so not always in Government

1971-76: Prime Minister Solomon Seisay (True Whig)
1973: def Salia Jusu-Sheriff (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1976-88: Prime Minister Salia Jusu-Sheriff (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1976: def Solomon Seisay (True Whig)
1982: def Momodu Munu (True Whig)

1988-97: Prime Minister Mana Kpaka (Transformation)
1988: def Salia Jusu-Sheriff (Sierra Leone People's Party)
1994: def Francis Obai Kabia (Sierra Leone People's Party), John Arouna Karimu (Union Party)


Country dissolved into the West African Federation in 1997.

Leaders of Guinea-Conakry
French Colony until 1960
Part of Mali Federation from 1960 to 1968

1968-1969: President Saifoulaye Diallo (Socialist) - Killed during the Portuguese Invasion

1968: uncontested
1969-1975: President Diallo Telli (Socialist)
1974: uncontested

Country dissolved into Liberia in 1975.

Leaders of Guinea-Bissau
Portuguese Colony until 1973

1973-80: President Luís Cabral (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde)

1977: uncontested
Cabral overthrown by Coup in 1980
1980-94: President João Bernardo Vieira (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde)

1984: uncontested
1989: uncontested

1994-97: President Carmen Pereira (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde)
1994: def Domingos Fernandes (Batefa Party), Kumba Ialá (Democratic Party), Veríssimo Correia Seabra (Struggle Front)

Country dissolved into the West African Federation in 1997.

Executive Council members of the West African Federation
Decisions made by a five person executive council of the elected leaders from each nation. Ceremonial Executive President role is rotating.

Guinea-Bissau

1997-2004: - Carmen Periera (African Party)

1999: def Domingos Fernandes (Batefa Party), Kumba Ialá (Democratic Party), Veríssimo Correia Seabra (Struggle Front)
2004-2014: - Francisco Fadul (African Party)
2004: def Batista Tagme Na Waie (Struggle Front), Idrissa Djaló (Batefa Party)
2009: def Aregado Mantenque Té (Struggle Front)

2014-2019: - Malam Bacai Sanhá (African Party)
2014: def Aregado Mantenque Té (Struggle Front), Kumba Iala (Social Renewal)
2019-: Nuno Gomes Nabiam (Struggle Front)
2019: def Malam Bacai Sanhá (African Party), Mamadu Iaia Djaló (Social Renewal)

Guinea-Conakry

1997-: Alpha Condé (Guinea Nationalist Party)

1996: def Mamadou Boye Bah (True Whig), Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party), Mahawa Bangoura (Socialist Party)
2000: def Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party), Mamadou Boye Bah (True Whig)
2004: def Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party), El Hajj Aboubacar Somparé (True Whig)
2008: def Rabiatou Serah Diallo (Landless People's Party), El Hadj Camara (Islamic Party)
2012: def Rabiatou Serah Diallo (Landless People's Party), El Hadj Camara (Islamic Party)
2014: def Rabiatou Serah Diallo (Landless People's Party), El Hadj Camara (Islamic Party)
2018: def Ismael Gushein (Landless People's Party)


Liberia-Kankan

1997-2004: George Doré (True Whig)

1996: def Thomas Lansana Beavogui (Socialist Party), Thierno Abdourahmane Bah (Islamic party)
2000: def Koutoub Moustapha Sano (Islamic party), Hortense Martin Cissé (Socialist Party)

2004-2012: Charles Niankoye Fassou Sagno (True Whig)
2004: def Koutoub Moustapha Sano (Islamic party), Kabiné Komara (Socialist Party)
2008: def Koutoub Moustapha Sano (Islamic party), Kabiné Komara (Socialist Party)

2012-: Moussa Camara (Islamic Party)
2012: def Charles Niankoye Fassou Sagno (True Whig), Ibrahima Fofana (Socialist Party)
2016: def Djéné Kaba (True Whig), Yamadou Turé, (Socialist Party)
2020: def Djéné Kaba (True Whig), Nancee Bright (Country Party), Yamadou Ture (Socialist Party)


Liberia-Monrovia

1997: Oscar Jaryee Quiah (True Whig)
1997-2005: Amos Sawyer
(Socialist)

1997: def Oscar Jaryee Quiah (True Whig), Thomas Gankama-Quiwonkpwa (Patriotic Union), Alexander Louis Peal (Country Party), Pearl Brown Bull (Progressive Christian Party), Charles Taylor (Liberian Capitalist Party)
2001: def George Eutychianus Saigbe Boley (True Whig), Alfred Lahai Gbabai Brownell (Country Party), Thomas Gankama-Quiwonkpwa (Patriotic Union), Pearl Brown Bull (Progressive Christian Party), Jewel Howard (Liberian Capitalist Party)

2005-2008: Sekou Conneh (Socialist) - Resigned mid term
2005: def Jaybloh Nagbe Sloh (Traditional Alliance/True Whig)
2008-2017: Ellen Carney Woewiyu (Socialist)
2009: def Jaybloh Nagbe Sloh (Traditional Alliance/True Whig)
2013: def Leymah Gbowee (True Whig), Harry Varney Gboto-Nambi Sherman (Patriotic Union), Silas Kpanan'Ayoung Siakor (Country Party), George Weah (Liberian Capitalist Party)

2017- Jehmu Greene (Green Alliance/True Whig)
2017: def MacDonald Wento (Socialist), Benoni Urey (Patriotic Union), MacDella Cooper (Progressive Christian Party), Richelieu Dennis (Liberian Capitalist Party)

Sierra Leone

1997-1999: John Karefa-Smart (Transformation)
1999-2007: Edward Turay (Transformation)

1999: def Solomon Berewa (Sierra Leone People's Party), John Arouna Karimu (Union Party)
2003: def Ernest Bai Komora (Union Party), Abdul Kady Karim (Sierra Leone People's Party)

2003-2011: Ernest Bai Komora (Union Party)
2003: def Edward Turay (Tranformation), Julius Maada Bio (Sierra Leone People's Party)
2007: def Alhaji Samuel Sidique Sam-Sumana (Transformation), Julius Maada Bio (Sierra Leone People's Party), Nemata Majeks-Walker (Women's Party)

2011-2015: John Onoje (Union Party)
2011: def John Caulker (Transformation), Samura Kamara (Sierra Leone People's Party), Femi Claudius Cole (Women's Party)
2015-: John Caulker (Transformation)
2015: def John Onoje (Union Party), Bernadette Lahai (Sierra Leone People's Party), Salamatu Kamara (Women's Party)
2019: def Bernadette Lahai (Sierra Leone People's Party), Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh (Union Party)
*looks at you*
*looks at you posting the same on ah.com*

oh THAT'S who you are!
 

Southpaw

Well-known member
Patreon supporter
Gone Fishing
Location
Sofia, Bulgaria
Pronouns
he/him
Her Aura Smiles and Never Frowns

Leaders/de facto leaders of Bulgaria, 1954 - 2009

1954 - 1983†: General Secretary Todor Zhivkov (Bulgarian Communist Party) (1)

1983 - 2001: General Secretary/First Teacher Lyudmila Zhivkova (Bulgarian Communist Party [1983-1988]; (Neo-) White Brotherhood [1988-2001]) (2)

2001 - 2002: Provisional President Todor Kavaldzhiev (Independent)

2002 - 2006: President George Ganchev (Popular Bloc) (3)

2006 - 2009 (resigned): President Hristo Stoichkov (Bulgaria Can Do More) (4)

(1) Died in office; succeeded by daughter [who died in OTL in 1981].

(2) Despite her eclectic tendencies, Zhivkova remained a fairly loyal Soviet ally until the Eastern Bloc began to collapse. Thereafter, she transformed the regime, taking inspiration from the previously outlawed White Brotherhood spriritualist movement; remnants of Marxist-Leninist thought; and elements of Western New Age ideas. Ruled Bulgaria ruthlessly as a European pariah throughout the 1990s; overthrown after the economy collapsed in 2001.

(3) Established a shaky democracy and stabilized the economy, but never overcame substantiated rumors of links to Todor and Lyudmila's secret services while living abroad. Defeated in the 2006 election.

(4) Footballer hero of Bulgaria's second-place finish at the 1998 World Cup in Czechoslovakia (Zhivkova had invested heavily in the national side during the 1990s to improve Bulgaria's image); elected promising to "sweep away" the corrupt establishment and Zhivkova's proteges. Resigned after corruption allegations and probable wiretapping of opposition figures, as well as failed negotiations for eventual membership in the European Confederation.
 
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Sideways

"A classic of the genre" --Kathleen Stock
Published by SLP
Location
Teignmouth, Devon
Pronouns
She/Her
So, this is fucking stupid but also, I had to expel the brainworm

Up! Up! Up!
How Britain

landed on the
Moon and What We
Did When We Got There

2040-2050: Arthur Webber (Labour)

In the 2030s it became obvious that the full consequences of global warming were worse than feared. The world's ice sheets were far less stable than predicted. The Greenland ice sheet, which was expected to take 7000 years to fully melt, and the Antarctic ice sheet, expected to last 10,000 years, were both likely going to be gone in a century. The amount of methane secured underneath them had been radically under estimated, and methane release from the dying seas had been ignored entirely. Attempts at geoengineering such as ocean seeding smothered the seas, making the situation worse.

In 2047, the first cyclone season hit Britain. In 2048 temperatures in Cornwall reached 50 C. In 2049, Most of London was underwater for the whole year. By 2050, a radical solution was needed. The US was working on rebuilding its cities in Canada and Antarctica, Russia was attempting to colonise its own formerly frozen north, China and Africa were dedicated to massive geoengineering projects and India was engaged in mass transhumanism. Britain needed to chose a direction.

2050-2065: X Æ A-Xii Musk (Up! Up! Up!)

Up! Up! Up! was a movement dedicated to one simple policy - that Britain could not survive on Earth but could survive in space. X Æ A-Xii purchased their father's old fleet of ten mothballed SpaceX Starship IIs from the Musk Foundation, which had been left unused since the Lunar Gateway Disaster. The fleet was refitted, repaired, and flights to the moon began in 2052.

The first thousand British people on the British lunar colony of Avalon were specialists and scientists but very soon under Earth's extreme weather, 90% of moon mission places were available to the highest bidder, with 2.5% reserved for international colonists. By 2057, a hundred thousand people lived on Avalon and Britain was expanding into new bases - Python, Blackadder, and Sandford. In 2065 Britain built the biggest rocket in the world, capable of carrying 600 passengers in cramped conditions, or 150 in luxury, and the pace of space travel expanded. By 2065, the space population had reached a million.

X Æ A-Xii had very few domestic policies - the incorporation of Gibraltar as a constituency and turning it into a launch station, hiring refugees from London, Lincolnshire, etc into the space fleet. Devon Laing, X Æ A-Xii's enterprising Chancellor, realised that the government could purchase the houses of people who were selling up to go to the moon and repurpose them to be be sold off to the poorer people left behind. This raised the house prices of remaining properties and helped the government turn a profit both by keeping the cost of space travel high and the cost of property stable.

The other major decision was to allow space colonists to vote in UK Earth based constituencies. This was practical - MPs couldn't be expected to commute to the Moon, but it also meant that Earth constituencies retained spacefaring populations considered likely to vote for more colonisation.

Tragedy struck in 2059 with the loss of a Generation 2 rocket and 150 wealthy travellers. Thankfully British law prevented the worst of the law suits but from then on space travel prices began to drop to fill the quotas.

2065-2070: Xanthippe Kapur (Labour) coalition with Devon Laing (Up! Up! Up!)

Kapur had grown up wealthy but had joined Labour after the destruction of London, when she went from being a promising researcher at the Adam Smith Institute to a climate refugee living in a camp in Luton. She had a great sympathy for those left behind by the pace missions, but not enough political power to push for earth based solutions. In coalition with Up! Up! Up! she pushed for space travel to be made affordable. New one year intensive degrees allowed people to train in essential colonist skills and buy tickets to the Moon. The wealthy appreciated the influx of new service staff, who provided essential maintenance that was long overdue. So much so that some of the original bases were expanded to include housing for them. In other cases, new cities sprung up.

The Generation 3 Starship was smaller and designed to make multiple, small scale launches with minimal cargo. Gibraltar's population reached half a million, as it grew into Britain's primary launch site. A Mars colony was postponed - the moon was closest and Kapur's goal was exodus, not expansion.

On Earth, the situation continued to worsen. The Storegga slide of 2066 released a megatsunami that devastated Scotland and puch of Britain's east coast. This was a human tragedy, but politically useful. Scotland's Green government had been planning to declare independence - the area being cool enough and high enough up to make survival in underground cities seem reasonable. By 2069 the Scottish parliament was quietly suspended due to bankrupcy and the Scottish Green reincorparted into the national party. Cornwall was deemed uninhabitable without specialist gear and by 2070 three hurricanes were hitting the British coast every year.

2070-2080: Asmodeus Huq-Guinness (Conservative) Coalition with Devon Laing (Up! Up! Up!) and Tobin Pratchett (Labour)

Asmodeus was the first Satanist Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, his family having converted during the New Age Revival of the 2030s. He was elected on a law and order platform that was curiously domestic in its priorities - control crime, stamp out illegal immigration, and bring the refugee camps to heel. These were not goals shared by his coalition partners, but their aims were preferable to the Green Party's goal of ending space flight and dealing with the situation on Earth.

The Interplanetary Constabulary was set up in 2070, and immediately worked on stamping out bootleg missions to the British Lunar Territory from outside of the UK. Meanwhile, the government positively encouraged it from enterprising individuals. This was the era of DIY colonists, when a community might save up, build a rocket, blast off, and probably die in space at some point, but those that survived formed a ring of orbital and lunar micro-colonies that were enterprising and unique in their cultures.

On Earth, millions of refugees were arriving in Britain every day, mostly from Africa and Europe, seeking the relative safety of the British Isles. Many were killed by the plagues or megastorms or the poisonous water but Asmodeus set the Royal Navy to gun down the rest in their boats. The EU mostly approved of this policy, they were retreating to underground and underwater citadels and trying to protect themselves from these same roving bands.

In 2076, Gibraltar was lost to the roving bands of the new Brotherhood of the Two Seas - a pirate republic that had set itself up as rulers of the Saharan and Mediterranean seas. This was a foreign policy disaster for Britain on a par with Suez.

2076-2080: Snowbell Bianco (Conservative) Coalition with Alice Templeton (Up! Up! Up!) and Tobin Pratchett (Labour)

Bianco had been a relatively insignificant figure, the Minister for Geoengineering and Terraforming, but that made her an acceptable choice to take over from a discredited and unpopular government. She pushed for a return to the Mars project, as a minor priority. As she famously said "if we want to leave the Earth, we need to reach for the stars". However, her real priority was mass transit. In 2079 the new Generation 4 starships were built, stealing heavily from the successful bootleg designs. It was the cheapest, most crowded rocket Britain ever built, but it was necessary, at a stage when Britain was starting to ferry its impoverished refugee population into space.

On Earth, Bianco avoided the Brotherhood-EU war by giving both sides rights to refuel at British spaceports and floating launch facilities. She pursued an Atlanticist trade deal, aligning more closely with the US and the new Oceanic Republic of Atlantis than with Europe.

2080-2085: Sebastian Lord (Green)

Finally in 2080, public rage at the Earth being left to die grew too much, and the Green Party was swept into power, mostly from constituencies that were well inland. However, this was a government in a difficult position. In 2080, the UK's space population outnumbered the Earth population for the first time, and the population, even those that had voted Green, didn't want to be left on Earth to die. The Greens invested heavily in Wales and Scotland, where underground arcologies were possible and safe. They even begrudingly got behind the Upload project, that had sent some 7% of the world's population into digital habitats. But the reality was, Earth was dying. The government had been elected on a majority to stop the space race, but never had the political capitol to do more than stop the Mars mission and mothball the most dangerous and old starships. It was now inevitable that Britain's future lay in space.

Domestically, the refugee shootings were stopped, but then, there were very few refugees left. Fifty year old restrictions on doomsday cults were lifted which led to a spate of mass suicides which at this point nobody minded too much. Although the mass suicide of the population of Glastonbury cost the Greens a seat in the following by-election.

2085-2095: Alice Templeton (Up! Up! Up!)

The final prime minister to technically run the country from Earth, Smith recognised that Westminster and Downing Street were no longer "undergoing renovations" and established a new political citadel - "The Flying Circus" in Python.

Space flights, which had never really abated under the Greens, were now accellerated. Project Dunkirk was launched in 2092, calling for every launch capable vessel on the Moon to be made available for a massive effort of refugee pick up and transit. On the other end... chaos. Leaky bases with no technology and little technical expertise. Some of which survived, but many failed. But people still went. By 2095, the population of terrestrial British population had been reduced to just 5% of the UK's whole.

2095-2114: Ruby Choudhury (LabourTory Coalition for Change 2100)

The unlikely coalition of the two ostensible parties of government was enough to oust both the exhausted UUU and the politically bereft Greens, and gave Choudhury a majority sufficient to re-form the UK. In 2097, clearance of the bootleg orbital habitats began. These had become the slums of the UK, and their populations were aimed mostly at the new Martian habitats, where Britain aimed to establish a presence on the new frontier. Many of the settlements were useful, however, and were constructed into what became known as the NHS - the National Hellfire Service - an array of lasers aimed at protecting the geographically fracturing British Isles from attack or colonisation.

The small terrestrial British population - just two million people - lived in caves and bunkers and a few big underground cities and presided over a nature reserve of swamps and bleak hillsides inhabited mostly by mosquitos, fungus and algal blooms.

The 2101 Great Reform Act established the new form of the British constitution, Voluntary FPTP. Every citizen got to choose which constituency they lived in from a list of those available on their planet and a recall vote could be called if ever an MP lost their majority in terms of number of pledged votes. This evened out to PR without general elections, which were seen as an unnecessary festival of democracy.

By 2114, the terrestrial UK was covered by the Welsh Constituencies, Scotland had Mars, former English constituencies covered the Moon and the eight Gibraltan constituencies were re-established to cover the Asteroids and beyond. The UK was one of the premier space powers, second only to the USA, India, and China in terms of capability, and only rivalled by the United Federation of Planets in terms of population.
 
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Yokai Man

Well-known member
Her Aura Smiles and Never Frowns

Leaders/de facto leaders of Bulgaria, 1954 - 2009

1954 - 1983†: General Secretary Todor Zhivkov (Bulgarian Communist Party) (1)

1983 - 2001: General Secretary/First Teacher Lyudmila Zhivkova (Bulgarian Communist Party [1983-1988]; (Neo-) White Brotherhood [1988-2001]) (2)

2001 - 2002: Provisional President Todor Kavaldzhiev (Independent)

2002 - 2006: President George Ganchev (Popular Bloc) (3)

2006 - 2009 (resigned): President Hristo Stoichkov (Bulgaria Can Do More) (4)

(1) Died in office; succeeded by daughter [who died in OTL in 1981].

(2) Despite her eclectic tendencies, Zhivkova remained a fairly loyal Soviet ally until the Eastern Bloc began to collapse. Thereafter, she transformed the regime, taking inspiration from the previously outlawed White Brotherhood spriritualist movement; remnants of Marxist-Leninist thought; and elements of Western New Age ideas. Ruled Bulgaria ruthlessly as a European pariah throughout the 1990s; overthrown after the economy collapsed in 2001.

(3) Established a shaky democracy and stabilized the economy, but never overcame substantiated rumors of links to Todor and Lyudmila's secret services while living abroad. Defeated in the 2006 election.

(4) Footballer hero of Bulgaria's second-place finish at the 1998 World Cup in Czechoslovakia (Zhivkova had invested heavily in the national side during the 1990s to improve Bulgaria's image); elected promising to "sweep away" the corrupt establishment and Zhivkova's proteges. Resigned after corruption allegations and probable wiretapping of opposition figures, as well as failed negotiations for eventual membership in the European Confederation.
Great list,I remember my mom having all of Aïvanhov’s books and insisting that his teachings are totally compatible with Orthodox Christianity.

Did Zhivkova’s White Brotherhood regime interfere in the Yugoslav conflict in any way?
 
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