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Lists of Heads of Government and Heads of State

Time Enough

"Enthusiastic Cis Male Partner"
Pronouns
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Presidents of the United States:
1897-1905: William McKinley (Republican)

1896 (With Garret Hobart) def: David B. Hill (Democratic), Tom Watson (Populist) , Joshua Levering (Prohibition), Charles Matchett (Socialist Labor)
1900
(With Theodore Roosevelt) def: David B. Hill (Democratic), William Jennings Bryan (Populist), Eugene V.Debs (Socialist Labor)
1905-1913: Charles W.Fairbanks (Republican)
1904 (With Theodore Roosevelt) def: William B.Cockran (Democratic), William Jennings Bryan (Populist), Eugene V.Debs (Socialist Labor)
1908 (With Gifford Pinchot) def: Alton B. Parker (Democratic), William Jennings Bryan (People’s), Eugene V.Debs (Socialist Labor)
1913-1915: George B.McClellan Jr. (Democratic)
1913 (With Woodrow Wilson) def: Charles W.Fairbanks (Republican), George W.Norris (Reform), Williams Jennings Bryan (Farmer), Eugene V.Debs (Socialist Labor)
1915-1917: George B.McClellan Jr. (National Union)
1917-1921: George B.McClellan Jr. (National Union)
1917 (With William Cameron Sproul) def: Thomas L. Hisgen (Reform), Robert M. La Follette (Independent Progressive), William Sulzer (Farmers), Eugene V.Debs (Socialist Labor), Emil Seidel (Socialist)
1921-1925: Homer S. Cummings (Reform)
1920 (With William Randolph Hearst) def: George B.McClellan Jr. (National Union), William Sulzer (Farmers), Eugene V.Debs (Socialist Labor)
1925-1933: Frank O. Lowden (National Union)
1924 (With John W.Davis) def: Homer S. Cummings (Reform), Daniel Hoan (Farmer-Labor), Arthur E. Reimer (Socialist Labor)
1928 (With John W.Davis) def: William Borah (Reform), Homer Bone (Farmer-Labor), James P. Cannon (Socialist Labor)

1933-1937: Al Smith (National Union)
1933 (With Herbert Hoover) def: William Borah (Reform), Floyd B.Olson (Farmer-Labor), James P.Cannon (Socialist Labor), William Z.Foster (Workers Credit)
1937-1941: William Lemke (Reform)
1936 (With Bronson M.Cutting) def: Al Smith (National Union), Elmer A.Benson (Farmer-Labor), Vern Smyth (Socialist Labor), William Z.Foster (Workers Credit), Gerald Nye (America First)
1941-1943: Harry F. Byrd (National Union)
1940 (With Robert A.Taft) def: William Lemke (Reform), Elmer A.Benson (Farmer-Labor), Earl Browder (Socialist Labor), William Z.Foster (Workers Credit), Gerald Nye (America First)
1943-1945: Robert A. Taft (National Union)
1945-1949: Henry A. Wallace (Farmer-Labor)
1944 (With Earl Browder) def: Robert A. Taft (National Union), Bronson M.Cutting (Reform), William Z.Foster (Workers Credit), James P.Cannon (Independent Socialist), Gerald Nye (America First)
1949-1953: Henry A.Wallace (American Labor)
1948 (With Earl Browder) def: John Bricker (National Union), Sheridan Downey (Reform), Thomas Ryum Amlie (Democratic Farmer-Social Democratic), Eugene Dennis (Workers Credit), Robert Rice Reynolds (America First)
1953-: Earl Browder (American Labor)
1952 (With Walter Reuther) def: Barry Goldwater (National Union), Hubert Humphrey (Reform), Frank Zeidler (Social Democratic), Eugene Dennis (Workers Credit), Hamilton Fish III (America First)

American Gains it's First Syndicalist President

Harry Newman, 5th November 1952

"After a tense election campaign, Earl Browder of the American Labor Party has decisively won the second election for American Labor against the inspired campaigns of the Conservative Barry Goldwater and the Liberal Progressive Hubert Humphrey. Browder, a prominent member of American Labor since it's inception and a prominent member of the IWW and Socialist Labor Party has presented a manifesto that intends to bring about Syndcalist reforms to American Society that's stagnating against the Socialists might's of Britain and the Russian Republic...

The New President has been congratulated by outgoing Russian Republican President Ivan Maisky who commented that he's "pleased to see Socialism finally taking off outside Europe and that America will finally be joining the Socialist International". British Prime Minister Clement Attlee also mentioned that he hopes to be working more with the Americans and Browder in the future..."


Based upon a Presidential Tickets list for the Socialist Labour Party by @neonduke
 
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Japhy

Well-known member
Published by SLP
Location
Albany, NY
Pronouns
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I'm culpable of it as much as the next person but the National Union getting revived is a thing we probably need to do less. It was a cheap term that was never meaningful in 1864 and prominently was tarnished by Andrew Johnson's attempts to create a new party. Much like the Federalists before Hamiltons rehabilitation in the 1890s/1900s it's really a term we should avoid.

That said it's a good list @Time Enough
 

Callan

Racist name by the way,
Published by SLP
Location
Toronto
The Champions: Part One

1966-1970: Daniel Johnson (Union Nationale)
1966: Jean Lesage (Liberal)
1970-1982: Robert Bourassa (Liberal)
1970: Daniel Johnson (Union Nationale), Camil Samson (Parti créditiste), Pierre Bourgault (RIN)
1974: Pierre Bourgault (RIN), Camil Samson (Parti créditiste), Jean-Guy Cardial (Union Nationale)
1978: Pierre Bourgault (RIN), Fabien Roy (Parti créditiste)

1982-1991: Jérôme Choquette (Parti national populaire)
1982: Robert Bourassa (Liberal), André D'Allemagne (RIN)
1986: Lise Bacon (Liberal), G.-Raymond Laliberté (New Democratic), André D'Allemagne (RIN)

1991-1995: Raymond Garneau (Liberal)
1991: Jérôme Choquette (Parti national populaire), Henri-François Gautrin (New Democratic), André Gaulin (RIN)
1995-2002: Henri-François Gautrin (New Democratic)
1995: Marcel Masse (Parti national populaire), Raymond Garneau (Liberal), André Gaulin (RIN)
1999: Daniel Johnson, Jr (Liberal), Marcel Masse (Parti national populaire), Mario Beaulieu (RIN)

2002-2004: Nycole Turmel (New Democratic)
2004-2013: Liza Frulla (Liberal)

2004 (Minority): Nycole Turmel (New Democratic), Éric Caire (Parti national populaire), Mario Beaulieu (RIN)
2008: Nycole Turmel (New Democratic), Josée Verner (Parti national populaire),
Pierre Curzi (RIN), Scott MacKay (Green)
2013-2013: Benoît Pelletier (Liberal)
2013-2018: Gilles Ducceppe (New Democratic)

2013 (Minority): Andre Bachand (Parti national populaire), Benoît Pelletier (Liberal), Pierre Curzi (RIN), Scott MacKay (Green)
2018-: Maxime Bernier (Parti national populaire)
2018: Gilles Ducceppe (New Democratic), Amir Khadir (RIN), Thomas Mulcair (Liberal), Georges Laraque (Green)

The PoD here is that Pierre Trudeau never joins the Liberal Party of Canada; Jean Marchand instead enters and wins the race for the Liberal leadership and wins a more modest majority in 1968. With the Saint Baptiste Day riots butteflied away, Pierre Bourgault's Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale emerges as the Quebec's strongest sovereigntist outfit as René Lévesque's Mouvement Souveraineté-Association fizzles. Over the seventies, RIN makes breakthrough after breakthrough but its militant rhetoric, the radical left-wing agenda and defective leadership cause it to hit a clear, hard ceiling. The rise of the FLQ over this period, constant bombings and shootings and threats, egged on by parts of the nationalist intelligentsia and a less than decisive response from Ottawa also limited the appeal of an RIN that was less than condemnatory of direct action. Following the assassination of John Turner in 1975 and the state of emergency that followed, a crack-down on the FLQ and related groups hit the RIN hard. In the midst of this and the decline and fragmentation of Quebec's nationalist right, Bourassa is able to win three successive landslides, shaping Quebec in his image, doing his best to placate rising Quebec nationalism as low-level political violence dogged the province through the seventies.

Quebec's conservatives and right-wing nationalists eventually coalesced around Jérôme Choquette's Parti national populaire, a more moderate nationalist outfit that took a hard line on language and terrorism, happy to bandy around the threat of an independence referendum. The PNP government found allies in Ottawa; first with the leftist Trudeau, signing up to his grand schemes of repatriation and a true constitution for Canada; then with John Crosbie and his small government agenda. Brutal cuts amid a recession ended the first PNP government and it's Liberal successor saw little in the way of change.

The long-dormant Quebec NDP was brought to life by Pierre Trudeau, culminating in the party being brought to power in the early 1980s by a near-sweep of the province. This in turn revived the provincial branch, as it became clear that the province was more than open to Social Democracy. The revived party, with a former federal minister installed as it's leader, slowly gained ground from all three established parties before forming the government in an upset in 1995 amid a backlash to austerity measures. Gautrin took advantage of the balanced budgets achieved by his predecessors to push through generous expansions in the welfare state and infrastructure projects, but faced a backlash as the NDP remained divided over issues of Quebec nationalism and disputes mounted with the party's union allies and it's federal counterpart, unenthused about it's shamelessly leftward drift.

This was largely corrected with the forceful leadership of Liza Frulla, who claimed the LIberal leadership in an upset. She gained many plaudits in Quebec for her confrontations with the right-wing government in Ottawa over social issues and cuts to transfer payments, but her complacency over remaining lingering issues with the French language dogged her, as did increasing investigations and accusations of corrupt dealings with Quebec businesses. When Frulla was booed when throwing the first pitch at a Montreal Expos game in 2012, it was clear that she would not be leading the party into a third term, nor would anyone else.

Ducceppe's victory rode the wave of the Federal NDP's victory months earlier, but proved to be controversial as Ducceppe signed an agreement to work with the RIN despite it's hardline stances and baggage with the now largely-moribund FLQ, being criticised for this by no less than the Prime Minister. Tougher laws on the French language and the "preservation of Quebec culture" created only more divisions across Canada and stoked a revived cause of nationalism. This came to be taken up in the form of Maxime Bernier's insurgent populist campaign for the premiership, railing against the limits of multiculturalism, the encroachment of English Canada onto Quebec culture and once again threatening a referendum on Quebec's place in the confederation. He is playing with fire.
 
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rosa

Well-known member
I'm culpable of it as much as the next person but the National Union getting revived is a thing we probably need to do less. It was a cheap term that was never meaningful in 1864 and prominently was tarnished by Andrew Johnson's attempts to create a new party. Much like the Federalists before Hamiltons rehabilitation in the 1890s/1900s it's really a term we should avoid.

That said it's a good list @Time Enough
But I love the idea of the First National Union (and Federalist) party, Second, etc so much :cry:
 

Thande

Bündnis für Freizeit, Garagetigkeit und Nachmittag
Published by SLP
I'm culpable of it as much as the next person but the National Union getting revived is a thing we probably need to do less. It was a cheap term that was never meaningful in 1864 and prominently was tarnished by Andrew Johnson's attempts to create a new party. Much like the Federalists before Hamiltons rehabilitation in the 1890s/1900s it's really a term we should avoid.

That said it's a good list @Time Enough
I had a similar thought when I saw in "If Gordon Banks Had Played" the use of the term "National Conservatives" to describe Tories who had crossed the floor to keep Labour in power - yes it gives you an AH 'aaaaah' feeling, but why on earth would they seek a comparison with Ramsey Mac considering what happened to him? Of course, there is the option of 'not the name they picked, but the one their opponents/the meedja pejoratively gave to them and stuck'.

I think for the US, there is a window of plausibility for 'National Union' as there will be a slice of the population who know enough about history to recognise the intended comparison, but not enough to know about how it turned out. I don't think the same is true of 'Federalist' for most of US history.
 

Bolt451

Anxious millenial cowgirl
Location
Sandford, Gloucestershire
Pronouns
She/Her
Heads of the House of Windsor (from 1973, heads of the Windsor foundation)
(more British Republics stuff)
Royalist titles in brackets)


1931-1943: George VI, Former David, Prince of Wales
1943-1962: Mary, Princess Royal (Mary II)
1962-1967: The Hon Lady Mary Windsor (Mary II)
1967-1994: Mr Edward Windsor (Edward VIII)
1994-Present: Mrs Victoria Windsor-Bennett (Elizabeth II)



According to Royalists the heir apparent is the Olympic archer Charlie Windsor who they style “Charles, Prince of Wales” although with the exception of Charlotte Windsor (Cousin to Charlie and niece to Victoria) the family have formally renounced all claims to a British th
 

Time Enough

"Enthusiastic Cis Male Partner"
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Left on the Cutting Room Floor: An Alternate Presidents List:
1933 - 1941: Franklin Delano Roosevelt (Democratic)

1932 (With John Nance Garner) def: Herbert Hoover (Republican)
1936 (With John Nance Garner) def: Alf Landon (Republican), Huey P. Long (Union)

1941-1949: Bronson M.Cutting (Republican)
1940 (With Robert A.Taft) def: Huey P. Long (Democratic), Gerald Nye (America First), William Lemke (Union)
1944 (With Thomas Dewey) def: Scott Lucas (Democratic), Henry A.Wallace (Popular Front), Hamilton Fish III (Conservative)

1949-1957: Jerry Voorhis (Democratic)
1948 (With Alben W. Barkley) def: Thomas Dewey (Republican), Glen H Lacy (Popular Front), Everett Dirksen (Conservative)
1952 (With Claude Pepper) def: John W.Bricker (Republican)

1957-1965: Harold Stassen (Republican)
1956 (With Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.) def: Lyndon B. Johnson (Democratic), John Gates (American Labor)
1960 (With George W. Romney) def: Lyndon B. Johnson (Democratic), John Gates (American Labor), Strom Thurmond (Conservative)

1965-1969: George W. Romney (Republican)
1964 (With Barry Goldwater) def: Stuart Symington (Democratic), Dorothy Ray Healey (American Labor)
1969-1973: Eugene McCarthy (Democratic)
1968 (With Russell B.Long) def: George W.Romney (Republican), Barry Goldwater (Libertarian)
1973-1977: Howard Baker (Republican)
1972 (With John Volpe) def: Eugene McCarthy (Democratic), Russell B.Long (Union)
1977-: Mo Udall (Democratic)
1976 (With Kevin White) def: Howard Baker (Republican), George Wallace (Union)
1980 (With Jerry Brown) def: Daniel J. Evans (Republican), Cesar Chavez (American Labor)


A list in which two deaths in 1935 are averted, Bronson M. Cutting and Huey Long. Long running as a Union candidate takes the wind out of Roosevelt’s sails a bit and makes the Republicans reconsider who they should run next. In 1939, Roosevelt has a heart attack and afterwards decides against running in 1940, allowing Long to gain the nomination against a field that includes the equally radical Henry A.Wallace. The Republicans go with Bronson M. Cutting, a Pro-New Deal Republican who is seen as a safe choice by Americans against the radicals of Nye, Long and Lemke and wins the election.

Cuttings time as President is very similar to Roosevelt’s, America still enters the Second World War and all that. The major difference is the 1944 election is more chaotic, as the Democrats wanting to avoid getting another radical go with the moderate Scott Lucas, which causes Henry A. Wallace to storm out with a number of Progressives and form the Popular Front with the SPA and other Left Wing groups. Cuttings nomination of Thomas Dewey, a fellow Liberal Republican causes some of the Republican Conservatives to set up the Conservative Party though there declined ballot space due to Hamilton Fish III’s views. So yet again Cuttings wins.

The Post War world is similar though Cuttings is less enthusiastic to support a Marshall type plan which leads to several Communist and Socialist groups winning in Europe. This draws the ire of Anti-Communists and Conservatives. Alongside that, Corruption and the Red Scare occurs as Republicans are seen as having let the Communists for infiltrating the US Government. When Cuttings steps down and Dewey runs as the Republican candidate a mixture of Anti-Communism and Left Wing folks who believe that Cuttings hasn’t done enough allows Voorhis who combines Social Democratic and Social Gospel ideas with Anti-Communism to become President.

Voorhis’s time in office is about implementing more Liberal Left policies and allowing trade unions to strengthen, it’s also about ridding America of Communist influence as the CPUSA is banned and investigations into Communist influence occur. Voorhis is rather popular and manages to win a second term on a more aggressively Left Wing platform with Claude Pepper as his VP. Even the Anti-Communist rhetoric of John Bricker doesn’t work against Voorhis. But Voorhis hits a quagmire when it comes to pushing through Anti-Segregation legislation though he manages to get some Civil Rights bills through. But as time goes on the Government is seen as bloated by many and the offer of Harold Stassen of Liberal rule with scaling back of certain sections appeals to many.

As the Civil Rights movement gains steam and Communism starts to spread in Asia, Stassen is Liberal Internationalist in behaviour as he deals with chaos abroad and home. When he leaves in 1965 America is seen as a bit of a boiling pot about to pop. The Romney/McCarthy years are one of malaise, crisis within Parties (as the Republicans battle between there Libertarian and Moderate Conservative/Liberal side, whilst the Democrats are battling between there Left Wing and Southern Populist sides).

When Baker is elected in he’s seen as a breath of fresh air but that’s quickly soured by chaos aboard due to the Chinese-India War and battles yet again erupting in the Republican Party allows Udall to become President. Promising to finally finish of Desegregation (left hanging by the Romney/McCarthy years) and implement more liberal reforms he wins handily and finally finishes the work that Voorhis started...
 

Time Enough

"Enthusiastic Cis Male Partner"
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I wonder if you can do something like that with Anton Cermak
Maybe, he’d probably work best in a ‘FDR dies early 20s, Prohibition is worse, America needs a Mayor who’s tough on crime, tough on the causes of crime...’ style world. Also you’re kind of limited to the 30s with him because he was already in his 50s by then.
 

Time Enough

"Enthusiastic Cis Male Partner"
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Hmm, just thinking back to what @Thande said about making stable countries and I have a vague idea for a list in which Tito dies in 1953, Milovan Đilas manages to takeover and we get a successful Democratic Socialist Yugoslavia. But that’s about it really, so if anyone wants to take it and run I’d be happy to help.
 

Japhy

Well-known member
Published by SLP
Location
Albany, NY
Pronouns
He/Him
I had a similar thought when I saw in "If Gordon Banks Had Played" the use of the term "National Conservatives" to describe Tories who had crossed the floor to keep Labour in power - yes it gives you an AH 'aaaaah' feeling, but why on earth would they seek a comparison with Ramsey Mac considering what happened to him? Of course, there is the option of 'not the name they picked, but the one their opponents/the meedja pejoratively gave to them and stuck'.

I think for the US, there is a window of plausibility for 'National Union' as there will be a slice of the population who know enough about history to recognise the intended comparison, but not enough to know about how it turned out. I don't think the same is true of 'Federalist' for most of US history.
I really like the "The British public would be too smart but Americans are morons" energy in this post. But no I think it would inevitably come up through the press.
 
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