On the same note, while the Gregorian calendar has been gaining prominence recently, Israel from 1948 - despite the hyper-secular leadership of the state when it was founded - adopted the Hebrew calendar as its primary civil calendar in addition to being the Jewish religious calendar, which is why things like Israel’s independence day and memorial day seem to move around the same way that Jewish religious holidays do; all of them are on fixed dates, just on a different calendar which doesn’t follow the same rules as the Gregorian.
Rather than trying to track all that, I just said it's that and then said except it isn't, because they don't all start at the same time.Slight correction, @Thande — it’s 5780 and it has been for months. Except not really a correction, because most of 2019 was 5779, as you probably well know.
This does come to the problem of comparing “what year it is” — the Hebrew calendar ties the beginning of the civil year to the seventh new moon following the beginning of Spring, which means that we change the number a completely different time than you lot, who have tied it to the Feast of the Circumcision of Our Lord.
You see this started off relatively amusing before just going extremely dark.The talk of calendars in Rome being politically-motivated reminds me of the Hindu epic Mahabharata where, after losing a rigged game of dice where their kingdom was gambled, the Pandava clan was forced to give up their kingdom to their cousins the Kauravas for 12 years, then a thirteenth year where they had to be undiscovered. If discovered, they’d have to be in exile for 12 more years. So, the Pandavas spent 12 years in exile, then on the thirteenth year they hid in the royal palace of a neighbouring kingdom by being hired as servants. However, they then were forced to reveal themselves due to an attack by another kingdom.
However, then the Pandavas stated that the years referred in the game were the slightly shorter lunar years, according to which the thirteenth year has passed, but the Kauravas refused stating that the years were solar, according to which the thirteenth year had not passed. After failed negotiations, the result of this was a massive and brutal war of succession where all the Kauravas were killed and the Pandavas won not only their own kingdom, but the Kaurava kingdom as well.
Doesn't Saudi Arabia also use the Islamic calendar for immigration purposes (i.e., visas denominated in months are recknoned as Islamic calendar months)?
The Spring Equinox (21st March) used to be used as New Year as well. Translated to the Gregorian Calendar that became 1st April, and the people who insisted on celebrating New Year by the Julian Calendar became known as April Fools.I think the medieval French also used Easter as New Year's Day at some point, which I suppose arguable makes that version of the Julian Calendar lunisolar.
Also I thought the Chinese rule was (usually) the second new moon after the winter solstice?