Currently in its tenth convocation, the State Assembly of the Sakha Republic, also known as Il Tumen, like the Sakha Republic itself, is controlled by the social democratic party A Just Russia, which has 37 deputies in the assembly. Even in the days of Putin, A Just Russia was a major political force within the region. Their reformation in 2028, which strengthened the party as the Communist Party waned, has helped them in the 2030s. As of currently, the tenth State Assembly's government is formed by A Just Russia and the Agrarian-Communist Party, a tiny conservative remnant focused on the reformation of agricultural sector that broke off from the Communist Party.
However, while A Just Russia is a powerful force, they find themselves challenged by the united force of the Russian People's Party, a merger of several liberal parties spearheaded by Yabloko and the People's Freedom Party, and Unity, a right-leaning United Russia remnant that especially thrives in non-ethnically Russian regions, like Dagestan and Tuva. Notably, Il Tumen is one of the few regional parliaments where Unity and the People's Party actively cooperate as part of an united opposition, as opposed to generic mud-slinging. This opposition is also supported by The Greens, perhaps as a consequence of the party's history of supporting Putin.
While Il Tumen is very much the property of Just Russia, and indeed many polls show that Yakutia is a safely pro-Just Russia region, the future is never truly set in stone. Who knows – perhaps Unity or RPR will win next year?
Michelle Wayland (September 1st, 2017 - August 23rd, 2084) was an American tech businesswoman, congresswoman and President of the United States of America.
Michelle was born in an upper-middle class family in Old Miami, Florida. Her father, Alexander Wayland, was the owner of a young and rapidly growing tech business along the Gold Coast (founded in 2026). Although her youth was, according to herself, "dull", Michelle was introduced to the "niceties and secrets of business management" early on, and strived to make her parents feel proud - namely by emulating her father's quirks and studying business management constantly.
Childhood enthusiasm gave way to a fiery personality, one that refused to compromise or grovel even as Wayland Tech was condemned by media outlets for opposing regulations on pervasive advertisement, and as its owner was forced to resign in a "boardroom coup", to be arrested for tax fraud. In 2035, Michelle was admitted to Miami Dade College, where she was a well-known social butterfly and, briefly, a member of a socialist club on the campus. In 2037, she married long-time friend Michael Grant, an Oregonian-born lawyer and Democratic Party volunteer. After attaining a Bachelor of Arts degree, she left for Oxford in 2040, becoming notorious among her fellow students as a "clique organizer".
In 2045, Michelle succeeded Bella Hoffman as CEO of Wayland Tech, stating, in an interview, that she seeks to advance humanity as a whole while "giving [Wayland Tech] a kinder, gentler face". This statement was (and remains) quite controversial in the face of Wayland's legacy, and has been brought up both positively and negatively during the vast majority of Michelle's political campaigns. Her tenure as CEO was relatively scandal-free, and Wayland Tech has gained considerable wealth and fame due to their space ventures and acquirement of certain spaceflight facilities (which, according to Wayland's detractors, wouldn't have occurred if not for President Bianca Falcone's lax space policy). However, she resigned in 2050, having been emotionally devastated by the sudden death of her husband.
Soon, with considerable support from a number of Democratic activists, Michelle announced her run for the House, demanding "representation for every citizen in South Florida", a region which has been considerably damaged and depopulated by climate change; it was a very Republican region due to increasing conservatism among Hispanics and especially Cubans, who had come to dominate South Florida as a consequence. Michelle's mostly Hispanophone campaign appealed to the American Dream, priding Wayland Tech over their success story, refusal to pull out of Miami even when other companies have done so, and achievements in land recovery; the idea of an equal American Dream, as well as mentions of housing reform to "allow Cuban refugees to thrive in Florida", enabled Michelle to smash her Republican opponent, the comparatively tedious and corrupt dynasty heir Cristian Diaz-Balart, by a hefty 13% margin, becoming one of the more (in)famous Democratic gains of the otherwise Republican-leaning 2050 midterms.
Elected to the House of Representatives in 2051, Michelle continuously represented a district centered in the suburbs of Old Miami, and by then was one of the few Democrats to represent South Florida. Popular among her constituents for her fiery demeanor and lobbying for the recovery and eventual transformation of South Florida into "America's fastest-growing tech hub" (which Michelle called her "personal dream" during a 2049 interview about the effects of climate change on Florida), Michelle called herself a "true Floridian-born social democrat"; ironically, she would become a notorious opponent of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and the South's many Democratic rural populists, who have criticized her as a "proud corporate shill" and a "classic Republican" enriching her company and covering up its numerous scandals under the guise of steering federal money towards Florida.
Thus, in 2054, when Michelle announced her run for the Class 1 Senate seat (held by moderate Republican Felix Canseco, who previously ruled out a run for a third term), problems arose for the Florida Democratic Party as the Democratic primary came down to Michelle Wayland and Mayor Genevieve "Viv" Brandon of Tallahassee, a noted Democratic Socialist politician. Viv was also one of Michelle's most ardents critics, insinuating that Michelle Wayland was "a true innovator in labor abuse and destruction of unions". Michelle responded likewise, calling Viv "a corrupt bribe-taking extremist" and a "hypocritical Stalinist bureaucrat" who would "lead the Democratic Party to ruin"; both remarks were made by Wayland in relation to a bribery scandal pertaining to Tallahassee' police commission. With both candidates actively attacking each other over various scandals, the primary would end up being extremely narrow, with Wayland winning the primary by a minuscule 0.4% margin; nonetheless, despite Republican expectations, Wayland would go on to win the Senate seat by a 2.3% margin, defeating Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Miguel Rodman. In the Senate, Michelle would continue to lobby for Florida, tech businesses and Wayland Tech in particular, as well as call for a closer relationship with China and a stronger push into space; in 2060, she would run for President.
The 53rd President of the United States, Zakaria "Zak" Bethune, ex-Vice President to Bianca Falcone and former ambassador politician of Egyptian/Scots-Irish descent, was not a very popular man. While relatively moderate, a genuine supporter of Falcone's agenda (State Water Distribution Commissions included) and a skilled diplomat, his religious views and flip-flopping regarding India - by then a syncretic pseudo-Strasserist technocratic dictatorship led by Mukul Dristi - resulted in Bethune being seen as erratic and weak, which became a problem as USA's economy plunged again and India gained more and more allies across the world.
In such troubling conditions, multiple Democratic candidates rose to the fold, chief among them being the populist Governor of Alabama Cyrus Brownlow, Senator Lucette Gaulia of Georgia and former Sec. of State Grace Dodd of Connecticut. Gov. Barron Trump of New York had also considered running for the Democratic nomination once more, but poor polling and the unfortunate death of his eldest son in a naval disaster had convinced him not to run. In the meanwhile, Michelle Wayland built up support in early states, shocking the Democratic establishment by winning the New Hampshire primary, stunning the expected frontrunners. Knocking Dodd out of the race, Wayland gained the momentum, appealing to suburban voters, criticizing Gaulia as a "bureaucratic bore" and Brownlow as a "gun-toting radical", in relation to the latter's staunch support for gun rights. Although Brownlow, who by May held the vast majority of delegates in the South and polled well in the Midwest, managed to gain the upper hand after Wayland gave a somewhat negative opinion of legendary New York legislator Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, his campaign suffered a fatal blow when Wayland ran the "What's the Harm?" ads, which, infamously, put footage of Brownlow (an African-American) lambasting gun control alongside clips of African-American children being shot by police officers. As historians note, these ads could have easily been turned against Wayland; however, Brownlow ended up suffering in the polls and, after losing the New Mexico primary, endorsed Michelle, who would go on to choose Oregon congressman and "football heartthrob" Anthony "Tony" Armstead. The Wayland/Armstead ticket narrowly defeat Republican nominee, Californian-born Attorney General Daniel Francisco, and a number of third-party campaigns.
Wayland's first term would see America get involved in the Third World War, as Russia, China, America and their allies declared war on the so-called "Compact of Humanity" led by the Indian juggernaut. The Third World War was an infamously bloody affair, with as many as 190 million people perishing over a span of five years - including the Bombing of Port Harcourt, the Burning of Paris and the Battle of Goa. Wayland's administration influenced the course of the war significantly, with the Democratic-led House passing a "War Production Bill" in order to support the American corporations "driving the war effort". Detractors within both parties criticized the Bill as a revolting act of pork barrel spending by an authoritarian and very corporatist President; however, they wouldn't be quite far off from the truth as later events would soon reveal.
Hailed as a mighty war leader, Michelle Wayland cruised to victory, easily defeating Christian conservative Senator David Gallegos of New Mexico. During her second term, Wayland heavily invested in space, implemented large-scale reforms to shift America to a full ordoliberal "social market" economy and pushed for a more parliamentary system. This would, ironically, lead to her downfall; in 2066, a scandal emerged when Manhattan-born "neo-gonzo" journalist, Warren Budiaman-Rosa, interviewed former Floridian representative Ruben Franco about an attempt on his life following numerous anonymous phone calls persuading him to "support the war effort". What seemed to be a simple investigation of an assassination attempt soon took a turn for the awry when one of the would-be assassins turned out to have a Wayland Tech employee's phone number. An investigation by the House would soon find evidence of rampant political corruption, including bribery and money laundering. On February 11 of 2068, Michelle would resign "on her own terms" after narrowly avoiding an impeachment vote, leaving the country to a beleaugured and prematurely aged Vice President Armstead, who would go on to quit the 2072 Democratic primaries and return to his ancestral hometown of Elk Grove after the victory of Republican Governor Wesley Belmond of Louisiana.
After the end of her tenure and lengthy proceedings which would result in Wayland being acquitted, Michelle would return to running Wayland Tech and "fixing [her] mistakes" as she put it; however, her dismal reputation, with her former friends and allies now loathing her (not that it was particularly surprising, as the Democratic Party would collapse after 2076), led Michelle to leave America in 2074, ostensibly to "travel the world" with her long-time girlfriend, former Russian Prime Minister Tatiana Antonova - thus dispelling the rumors about Michelle potentially participating in the 2076 congressional elections.
Avoiding calls of extradition by the American government, Wayland would spend many years living in Shanghai, Macau, Novorossiysk and Sao Paulo, becoming a writer and a notorious proponent of genetic modification (which, according to biographers, might have allowed her to maintain her youthful looks until her death). In 2079, Michelle and Tatiana would leave for the Moon and settle down on Washington Creek, an American colony town near Mare Tranquilitatis. Michelle would end up dying in 2084 from an unidentified disease; multiple investigators and historians would term Michelle's death an assassination.
Michelle Wayland is one of the most studied and controversial American Presidents, having been praised for her economic reforms and leadership during the Third World War and berated for her notorious corruption and destruction of the two-party system.
With the "Lucknow cronies" repelled, the rebellious elite of the Fourth Republic lustrated and Congress brought to heel, Sparks was elected President in a short, hasty process that saw her virtually unopposed. Adreana Sparks, the general behind the Third American Revolution and the "Light of America" according to her supporters, wielded power that hasn't been shared by an American head of state since the 2300s, and which her precedessors would almost certainly envy. The position of Vice President was reinstated and the President pro tempore was abolished, the last person to hold that office executed in a grisly fashion in the wake of the Revolution - however, the Vice President was directly appointed by the President, being there merely to whip Congress into supporting the President or to advise the latter, and could be fired by the President at a whim.
Under the thirteen-year rule of Adreana Sparks, the Fifth Republic went to work, rapidly industrializing under the course of multiple government programs enacted by the General and rebuilding the areas ruined by Mexican and Texan forces in the Monrovian War. Although largely a pariah in the eyes of then-dominant powers, such as India, China and Europe, the Fifth Republic was recognized as a rising power, with rising production and high rates of employment - at the cost of ever-larger military influence over politics, economic centralization, faltering democracy and poor relations with neighbors (such as the Directorate of Quebec and the Riograndese Republic). The Fifth Republic also tried to participate in the Space Race, attempting to reconnect with former American colonies, but their spacecraft was largely inferior to Chinese and European equivalents.
Nevertheless, elections were held, if only as a way to legitimize Sparks' rule. In 2479, Dag Matthews, former Vice President, former Pennsylvania House Representative and a pro-democracy activist, challenged Sparks in order to prevent "the royalization of American politics" and chose Mayor of Jamestown Rogeron Nil as his running mate (if only as a holdover from the Fourth Republic). This led to the stabilization of pro-Sparks forces and the formation of the National Union, the party of the American majority. Sparks easily won 2479 and 2483, only to die in her fifties from cerebral haemorrhage.
2018-2024: Vladimir Putin (Independent, endorsed by United Russia) 2018: def. Pavel Grudinin (Independent, endorsed by KRPF), Vladimir Zhirinovsky (LDPR), minor candidates
2024-2029: Sergei Mikheyev (Independent, endorsed by United Russia/All-Russia People's Front) 2024: def. Sergei Furgal (LDPR), minor candidates
2029: Maxim Oreshkin (United Russia; acting)
2029-present: Konstantin Malofeyev (All-Russia People's Front)
Although overshadowed by the 2024 presidential elections in USA, the transition of the Presidency from Vladimir Putin to Mikhail Mishustin and the second President of the Russian Federation's ascension to the empowered State Council could be called the beginning of an important - if relatively short - era in the history of the Federation. Although Mishustin was not particularly remarkable as a President and was perceived as a pure stooge of State Council Chairman Putin, his term did see a continuation of minor "modifications" to the Constitution (such as the reduction of presidential terms from six to four years), minor economic reforms and foreign developments such as the Indian intervention in Qatar and the Silicon Valley bubble burst.
2030 was not a good year for the Russian administration. In addition to suffering the effects of a global economic recession, the Russian political system was shaken by two unexpected deaths. On the 23rd of January, State Council Chairman Vladimir Putin, aged 77, passed away in his sleep. While this stunned most of the Russian populace and dealt a blow to the political strength of the State Council - by and large an advisory group of disparate ex-governors and senators, the powers and privileges of which as outlaid in the Constitution were conspicuously amorphous - it didn't lead to anything more than a sense of unease, and was quickly overshadowed by the shocking death of President Mishustin in a car bombing two months later.
Although Mishustin's approval ratings dipped in the wake of the recession, the taxation technocrat was never particularly unpopular with the populace or the Russian political elite, certainly not as much as Medvedev. While Krasnov, Sledkom and FSB investigated Mishustin's death (eventually convicting a random man of Ukrainian origin), the various political factions that had risen to prominence during the twenties — from Sobyanin's Moscow technocrats to the standard securocrats — went into overdrive, working behind the scenes to take charge of the Russian state's chain of command. By November, Prime Minister Andrei Belousov, a geopolitical hardliner and veteran economist with a , became President of the Russian Federation, estabilishing a precarious administration as he attempted to unite and subjugates the Sobyanistas, the siloviks and the other factions. For many observers, particularly opposition activists, the infighting at the core of Belousov's administration spelled the death knell of the Putinist political system as a whole; it was not surprising, given that the 2030 gubernatorial elections saw considerable losses for United Russia and other members of the All-Russian People's Front. Rallies began to organize in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and other Russian cities, demanding free, democratic elections and a Constitutional Convention; however, they were harshly quelled, primarily for the crime of "obstructing the preparations for the next presidential election" as described in state-run news channels.
The 2032 presidential elections were a raucous affair. While Belousov was quick to "adjust" his state capitalist policies and open "constructive discussions" with the European Union, his administration was still burdened by association with the poor economic situation in Russia, the infamy surrounding the 10th Convocation of the State Duma and the violent suppression of pro-democracy riots. The opposition consolidated around Nikolai Bondarenko, the Communist Governor of Saratov Oblast. Well-known as far back as 2018 for his criticism of pension reform and living wage policy, Bondarenko was elected Governor of Saratov Oblast in 2027 and quickly became a household name; the success of his bold economic programs lent credence to his popularity, as did Saratov being relatively untouched by the recession. The 2032 election was a dirty affair, with official outlets painting Bondarenko as a 'criminal liar' with 'ties to Soros', Belousov visiting Astana, and cossack militias clashing with Antifa members and supporters of minor presidential candidates (such as Vyacheslav Makarov of the Party of Direct Democracy) in the streets of Moscow. In the end, Belousov just barely avoided a second round by winning 50% of the popular vote, compared to Bondarenko's 32%; the results of the election were widely seen as fraudulent, and Bondarenko's most ardent supporters quickly took to the streets, even as their preferred candidate came down with "influenza" and bedrudgingly conceded. As business came out in opposition to Belousov and his "surplus extraction" policies, economic conditions worsened, and even cities like Grozny and Makhachkala saw wide protests against the results of the presidential election, it was strongly believed by observers at home and abroad that Andrei Removich, ideologically rigid as he was, would at least partially concede to the opposition and allow for a new election.
Then he was assassinated.
His successor was much worse than anyone could've imagined.
Having emerged from the corporate wars of 2000s as an investment giant and an influential powerbroker in his own right, "Orthodox oligarch" Konstantin Malofeyev fully entered the political sphere in the twenties, joining the national conservative party Rodina and bringing his ultramonarchist views along for the ride. Closely backed by elder statesman and sovereignist legend Vladislav Surkov and a number of other prominent government officials and oligarchs, Malofeyev rose through the ranks quickly enough until he became Deputy Prime Minister, appointed by Mikhail Mishustin at the recommendation of then-Prime Minister Belousov. Homegrown and foreign analysts identified Malofeyev as a coordinator of far-right movements and a growing force in the Russian administration in his own right, one that became increasingly distinct from the state capitalist sovereignists that were embodied by Surkov, Glazyev and then-President Belousov.
Promising to stabilize the Russian Federation and to 'bring the malignant forces behind the assassination to justice', Acting President Malofeyev went to work, purging the government of ideological deviants and reforming the state security forces with assistance from a subservient Federal Assembly. In a twist that surprised the vast majority of pundits, Malofeyev resigned as Acting President on 9th of April and ascended to the position of Chairman of the State Council, replacing multi-oblast governor and de facto figurehead Oleg Kozhemyako. Although Malofeyev explained that he didn't see himself as a 'legitimate president' and that he sought to help Russia 'efficiently prepare for the next presidential election and the future Constitutional Convention' as chief of the State Council, Malofeyev's deep-seated contempt for the office of President became clear soon enough as Malofeyev gave his speech in Rio de Janeiro.
As the office of President remained vacant for the second year, Malofeyev's true intentions for the upcoming Constitutional Convention became clear as well, with Malofeyev promising a "clean slate" for the Russian Constitution, the attainment of supreme sovereignty from the Western cosmopolitan order, and the fulfillment of the Russian Dream, the Third Rome that so many past and present Russians perceived their vast, long-suffering nation to be. Although it is doubtless that Chairman Malofeyev now wields more than enough power to translate his dream into reality, the survival of his regime is uncertain as black-shirted guardsmen brutalize unarmed protesters in the streets of Yekaterinburg, fights between state forces and rogue kadyrovtsy intensify in Grozny, and 'armed volunteers' head towards the Crimean border...
The 1956 Democratic Party presidential primaries were part of the selection process by which voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 1956 U.S. presidential election. 26 states and 3 territories held actual primary elections, while the rest of the country saw delegate selection confined to state-level conventions and caucuses, many of which were controlled by local political machines.
Early primaries and conventions saw freshman Massachusetts Senator Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. emerge as the immediate frontrunner. Popularly presented as a handsome, highly decorated veteran of the Pacific War, Joe P. Kennedy had a well-financed, well-organized campaign team (courtesy of his father, Bay State mogul Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.) and was expected to secure the nomination with ease, beating out comparatively weaker candidates like House Democratic Leader Clarence Cannon and Governor of Georgia Herman Talmadge; however, the party establishment was concerned about his chances at victory, given Kennedy's relative youth and his extreme hostility to organized labor and ethnic minorities.
The 1954 Republican landslide discouraged mainstream Democratic candidates and local sons from undertaking a nationwide presidential campaign and challenging the young Massachusetts Senator; as such, when the 65 year old ex-Governor of Rhode Island Howard P. Lovecraft entered the primary race, major newspapers and pundits laughed him off as a "New England obscurity". Lovecraft ran a spirited campaign, and his popularity with Wilsonians and labor groups allowed him to rout Kennedy in a number of Midwestern states; he was also endorsed by the Progressive Democratic organization in California and its informal leaders such as former Congressman Edouard Izac, leading him to win the Pacific Coast states as well. However, Lovecraft's financial state paled in comparison with the well-funded Kennedy campaign, and accusations of being a mentally unfit, soft-on-eugenics, card-carrying member of the Socialist Party, attacks by nativist mobs (such as the one in Madison, organized by local politician Joseph McCarthy), and his own introverted attitude and age-exacerbated neuroses eventually caused Howard P. Lovecraft to end his presidential campaign.
As the 1956 Democratic National Convention approached and torch-wielding mobs chanted "Give 'em hell, Joe!", Lovecraft was courted by Progressive Party members to run as their presidential nominee; however, Lovecraft curtly refused, stating that he did not desire to run against President Coolidge.
2010: Candidate for Indiana State Treasurer, Democratic 2010: Richard Mourdock (R) def. Pete Buttigieg (D)
2010-2020: Candidate for Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Democratic 2011: def. Norris W. Curry Jr. (R), Patrick M. Farrell (L)
2012: def. Kelly Jones (R)
2019-2020: Candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States 2020: Bernie Sanders (VT) def. Pete Buttigieg (IN), Amy Klobuchar (MN), Mike Bloomberg (NY), Joe Biden (DE), various others
2020-2023: Private citizen, Democratic
2023-2024: Candidate for Governor of Indiana, Democratic 2024: Susan Brooks (R) def. Pete Buttigieg (D)
2024-2029: McKinsey & Company consultant, Democratic
2029-2032: Representative from Indiana's 1st congressional district, Democratic 2028: def. Roseann P. Ivanovich (R)
2030: def. Colin Passman (R)
2032: Candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States 2032: Pete Buttigieg (IN) def. Joe Kennedy III (MA), Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (NY)†, Andrew Yang (NY), Adrian Perkins (LA), various others
2033-2039: President of the United States of America, Democratic 2032 (with Alessandra Biaggi) def. John James (MI)/Erin Stewart (CT) (R), Tucker Carlson (CA)/Tulsi Gabbard (HI) (AA)
2036 (with Alessandra Biaggi) def. Dan Crenshaw (TX)/Lee Zeldin (NY) (R)
2039-2046: Private citizen, Democratic
2046-2048: Private citizen, Democratic Party of Malta
The 2058 Illinois gubernatorial election took place on November 12, 2058. Incumbent Democratic Governor Zayden Waller ran for re-election to a third term in office, and was challenged by Republican nominee Kurtis Seele and prominent anti-poverty activist Howard Luis Garcia, who ran under the Commonwealth ticket.
The election was arguably one of the most controversial in the state's history due to its conduct. Zayden Waller, who previously served as Calumet County Sheriff before running for governor in 2050, was increasingly unpopular with the Illinoisan populace due to his association with Chicago Mayor Edgar Aries, himself profoundly despised over his response to the 2057 slum protests and the Chicago housing crisis as a whole. Detractors accused Waller of turning a blind eye to the growing influence of private security companies, which have become popular among Greater Chicago's wealthier residents and corporations seeking to protect their property from "criminal elements" and which have frequently employed military-grade equipment and drones to disperse protesters. Other concerns regarding Waller's tenure include allegations of profiting off a contract with Jinjiang International (one that is ostensibly designed to build and manage refugee camps), and the passage of a controversial law that weakened police regulations.
Although Governor Waller's approval ratings reached as low as 29% by March, the 2058 Illinois race was not expected to be a particularly close one due to the population disparity between the Chicago metropolitan area and Illinois proper, as well as Waller's notable campaign skills and powerful PR team. As such, the Republican primary did not see many contenders aside from former U.S. Representative Sheila Gesner, State Senator Don Dillard, Mayor of Moline Paul Alguacil and Springfield journalist Kurtis Seele. In a surprising upset, Seele emerged as the victor of the primary, ultimately choosing State Representative Sal Kuczynski as his running mate. However, this was not as exciting as the campaign announcement of H. L. Garcia, the informal leader of the "Share Your Wealth" movement that shook Chicago's gated communities. Venerated by the state's Hispanic community and Chicago's suburban poor, the Mexican-American activist consistently led in most independent polls early on.
The general election was considerably dirty, with deepfake spams and violent quarrels between supporters of Waller, Garcia and Seele being fairly common (despite all three candidates publicly disapproving of partisan violence). On the debate stage, Garcia accused Waller of colluding with corporations to use Greater Chicago's slums as "target practice" and acting as a political patron for Aries and a number of allied politicians in the Chicagoland area, whereas Kurtis blasted Waller for letting downstate Illinois deteriorate while organizing a personal fiefdom in Chicago. Controversially, Kurtis was discovered to have been involved in a far-right disinformation outfit in the past, resulting in several Republicans retracting their endorsement and the Kurtis campaign taking a blow in the polls.
In the end, Waller ended up winning 54 percent of the popular vote, nearly thirty percentage points above his nearest competitor, mainly due to running up large margins in Chicagoland's heavily populated counties. The results proved to be a source of controversy, with H. L. Garcia, his supporters, and federal lawmakers alleging that systematic voter intimidation and fraud helped Waller achieve his victories in Greater Chicago. Their claims weren't particularly unfounded, though, as the troubled federal investigation, combined with the 2059 H. L. Garcia assassination attempt, would eventually lead to Zayden Waller's arrest.
Cherie Laura Wayland (born May 17, 2014) is an American tech and aerospace mining entrepreneur and politician, currently serving as the senior United States Senator for Florida since 2051. A member of the Democratic Party, Wayland previously represented Florida's 4th congressional district, a Hispanic-majority Orlando-based district that has voted Republican since the 2048 presidential election, from 2047 to 2051. Born to Alexander Wayland, owner of the electronics manufacturing company Wayland Tech, and aspiring singer Stephanie Baume, Cherie grew up in Miami in a firmly middle-class household. Although Cherie's parents' relationship was considerably strained, both Alexander and Stephanie exerted a great deal of influence on their daughter, with Alexander teaching her to "keep a business going" and Stephanie giving Cherie a deep love for space (as well as expressing her wish to be "launched into the cosmos" upon her death, which Cherie would fulfill in 2055).
Graduating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2036 and from Harvard University in 2039, Cherie succeeded her father as CEO of Wayland Tech and went on to significantly expand her company's wealth, entering the aerospace industry and becoming one of the earliest asteroid mining tycoons. With a net worth of nearly $1.2 trillion, Wayland is the wealthiest person to have ever served in the United States Congress and is currently among the richest people on the planet.
Cherie Wayland is overwhelmingly popular in her home state of Florida due to being one of the few major businesspeople to not move her assets to a more climate-secure state following the Great Flooding, and has consistently won her congressional races by enormous margins, having attracted bipartisan appeal. Her philanthropic activities have also helped in this regard, with Republican Governor Matteo Busigo notably praising Wayland Tech in 2058 for their donations to Floridian local governments, small business, and initiatives as part of the Wayland Foundation; as such, most statewide polls give Wayland extremely positive approval ratings, rarely going lower than 75%.
Wayland is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and has described herself as a "democratic socialist"; this has been a point of contention due to Wayland's status as a trillionaire and her stalwart opposition to bills limiting corporate freedom and regulating asteroid mining, and Wayland has earned particular ire from fellow southern Democrats due to her support for strict gun laws. In April 2059, Cherie Wayland announced her campaign for the 2060 Democratic nomination for President of the United States; officially, she supports an ordoliberal economic policy to deal with America's infrastructure decay, reduced international role and loss of land to the deep blue sea, greater international cooperation with major powers such as China and Russia, and a strong focus on development of space technology and biotech. While Wayland has emerged as one of the strongest candidates in the primary race, her campaign has been slightly tainted by allegations of "paranoia" and poor treatment of campaign staff, among other things.
Cherie Wayland married Portland-born lawyer and Democratic Party volunteer James Foster in 2039, having met him in MIT; they have had three children together, Marcella (b. 2040), Veronica (b. 2042) and Peter (b. 2044). James Foster was murdered in 2054 by a group of disgruntled ex-Wayland Tech employees, and Cherie hasn't remarried since. Her personal life has been a point of controversy and rumours as well, with her friendship with a Russian diplomat, Tamara Kozlova, being arguably the biggest source of conspiracy theories.
Juanita Griffiths (b. October 3, 2019) is an Argentine biologist, sheep and penguin farmer, and entrepreneur, best known as the founder of chief executive officer of Johnnies, a multinational company that focuses on fast food restaurants, textile manufacturing and genomics, as well as the creation of sanctuaries.
Juanita was born in Caleta Olivia, a prominent port in the province of Santa Cruz, to Welsh fisherman Raul Griffiths and Italian-born teacher Regina Caruso. Having graduated from the National University of Austral Patagonia in 2041 with a degree in biology, Juanita was resettled in a refugee camp alongside her family due to rising sea levels, and subsequently left northwards after marrying American emigre Letizia Dixon, doing various side jobs and volunteering for various animal charities. After returning home following the end of the Second Falklands War, Juanita founded the first Johnnies restaurant in Comodoro Rivadaria.
The company expanded over a span of seven years, buying up farmland, egg and (vegetarian) dairy outlets and signing contracts with local businesses; as of currently, Johnnies has a presence in South America, Australia, New Zealand and Southern Africa, with about 2,100 food outlets and genetic laboratories worldwide as well as 150 mini-sanctuaries. Johnnies has played a significant role in the preservation of Antarctic fauna, namely penguins, and the popularization of the Gentoo penguin (after which the company is named), which has become ubiquitous as a pet, poultry specimen and laboratory animal in Argentine Antarctica and elsewhere. While the company has been criticized over allegations of inhumane experimentation and its CEO has been accused of war crimes during her time as a military volunteer, Johnnies' income remains steady.
The 1948 United States Senate election in Minnesota took place on November 2, 1948. Incumbent U.S. Senator Henrik Shipstead, who was renominated by the Republican–Farmer–Labor Party (formed by a merger of the Republican Party and the Farmer–Labor Party in 1946), faced off against Democratic Mayor of Minneapolis Hubert H. Humphrey.
Although Henrik Shipstead, who had been serving by that point for 25 years, won all of his past races by double-digit margins, the 1948 U.S. Senate election soon became unusually competitive as Humphrey provided a strong challenge to the 67 year old Senator. Distinguished by his crackdown on crime in Minneapolis, liberal internationalist views and foundation of the Committee for the Defense of Democracy, Humphrey contrasted himself with the aged, staunchly isolationist Senator, attracting Republican voters who disdained Shipstead - among them devotees of President Quentin Roosevelt, champion of the Fair Deal and the Convention of Nations. Although Henrik Shipstead had little love for the anticapitalist leanings of his fellow Farmer-Laborites, many members of the Humphrey campaign and its supporters accused the U.S. Senator of being a "closeted communist", in addition to many attacks on the man's isolationist views, which were increasingly perceived to be "antiquated" as tensions continued to grow between the United States of America and the German and Japanese empires. The Shipstead campaign was bellicose as well, accusing Humphrey of dodging the draft and sponsoring the expansion of a "totalitarian world superstate"; regardless of the mudslinging, Shipstead's grasp on the south of the state was rapidly waning.
In the end, Hubert Humphrey prevailed over Henrik Shipstead by 33,525 votes, becoming the first Democrat to be elected U.S. Senator from Minnesota in 48 years; this upset victory defied state conventions, as the North Star State voted for the Republican presidential nominee by double-digit margins on the same day. The combative Shipstead insinuated that Humphrey and his men manipulated the vote in Minneapolis, but nothing came of it; the two rivals ultimately mended their relationship in 1951.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 14, 1893) was an American convicted rapist, politician and lawyer who served as Governor of New York from 1880 to 1883 and as Imperial Secretary of the Treasury from 1883 to 1886.
Born to a Presbyterian minister, Cleveland grew up in upstate New York. A political leader of the local Democratic-Republican Party's reformist Liberal faction, Cleveland came to be reputed for high personal integrity, commitment to principles of classical liberalism and stringent opposition to political corruption and bossism, which were central to his tenure as Mayor of Buffalo and, following the 1879 state election, Governor of New York. Cleveland's formidable policymaking skill and tacit support for tariff reform piqued the interest of Theodore I, who appointed Cleveland to the position of Secretary of the Treasury at the behest of then-current officeholder Henry Mason Mathews.
While Cleveland did much to reform the existing regulations and combat economic corruption, his prestigious career was brought down by an investigation into allegations of "gross sexual misconduct" towards Maria Halpin, first published in a Buffalo newspaper in 1880. A highly-publicized 1885 trial, which aroused the American people's interest further due to Cleveland's exuberant and stubborn personality, subsequently revealed that Cleveland conspired to cover up the incident by organizing the murders of reporters involved in the case and, eventually, Maria Halpin herself. Cleveland was sentenced to 25 years of imprisonment and convicted in December 1885. Cleveland's arrest led to brief turmoil as members of the New York Liberal faction denounced the trial as "politically motivated"; while this would affect future scandals such as the proceedings of the 1886 New York mayoral election, the unrest within the New York Democratic-Republican Party would ultimately abate by the Panic of 1891.
On June 14, 1893, Cleveland passed away from a heart attack at the Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York.
ITTL, Sarkis Dkhrouni has a mostly successful first term as Armenia sees four years of economic growth and steady industrialization going hand in hand with trade union growth, as well as a strong relationship with the West (particularly Labour-led Britain) and relative peace abroad. As such, the ASDLP maintains their parliamentary majority; however, the Dkhrouni government finds themselves focusing on foreign affairs as Stalin passes away and tensions brew in Iran, Mahabad and the Arab world. In 1955, Dkhrouni is assassinated during a diplomatic visit to Lebanon amidst a severe political crisis in the country.
Even before the [1999 National Assembly shooting], Monte Melkonian's relationship with Vazgen Sargsyan and his allies was increasingly strained. While Vazgen deeply respected Monte until his death, calling Avo "the most honest person in the entire world", and the feeling was mutual, their different political views - their outlook on Armenia's future - came to the forefront in the late nineties. In August 1999, despite his alliance with Sargsyan and [People's Party leader and National Assembly President Karen] Demirchyan, Monte Melkonian criticized the Sargsyan government's austerity measures, calling the proposal "a betrayal of the Armenian people's best interests in favor of foreign profiteers", and voted against, becoming one of the few Unity MPs to do so. Karen met with Monte on August 29, 1999 in his residence; he said that he understood Avo's qualms with the measures, but said that Armenia was in no position to do otherwise. Monte said that he wanted to stand by his principles, and found Sargsyan and Demirchyan's "disposal" of Armenia to Western caprice "unjust". What was supposed to be a heart-to-heart conversation grew increasingly heated, with Avo calling out Karen over the "false promises" and lack of concreteness in his presidential campaign, insinuating that he was lying about bringing Armenians "a prosperous life"; Demirchyan felt insulted. It took a week before Monte and Karen fully reconciled, when they held a press conference reaffirming their commitment to the Armenian people's welfare.
A confrontation between Melkonian and Kocharyan was inevitable. Some say it was a confrontation between the diaspora and the Soviet-grown mainland, but those claims only laid out a part of the political turmoil that Armenia went through. After Sargsyan and Demirchyan's death, Kocharyan understood quickly that Melkonian was his most dangerous enemy - they were starkly different, both in terms of politics and personality, and he would always be overshadowed by the greatest commander of the Nagorno-Karabakh War, no matter how much his men would insinuate that Monte was a radical, a Stalinist, or a terrorist sympathizer. Once Monte stepped up as leader of the People's Party, there was continuous, implicit tension between the Republican Party and the People's Party; Kocharyan held press conferences that contained not just numerous jabs at the "inefficient communist" People's Party, but what Monte perceived to be implicit death threats against him. It was not unreasonable for him to think so, as many felt that Kocharyan was involved in the [1999 National Assembly shooting], and Melkonian himself was almost assassinated in January of 2000. Melkonian's supporters, many of whom grew up in Artsakh or abroad and tended to be left-leaning and reform-minded, chanted that Kocharyan was "afraid" of Melkonian. In some way, they would be proven right when preparations for the presidential election began.
In many ways, Napoleon Bonaparte and Toussaint Louverture were practically made from the same mold - they were men of low birth who, wielding great ambition and perseverance, rose to the highest stations available to them, taking every opportunity that came across them to achieve their vision, even despite their oft-contradictory attitudes. It is unsurprising, then, that Toussaint, was nicknamed "Napoléon Noir" by people who had the chance to observe his military skill first-hand, and it is even less surprising that both Toussaint and Napoleon immediately recognized each other's capabilities. Amidst the turmoil surrounding the downfall of slavery in Saint-Domingue, Napoleon sought to keep France's most profitable colony by tempering Toussaint Louverture's ambition and affirming the territory's autonomy; Toussaint, in turn, wanted to assure Napoleon of his loyalty and be personally assured of his domain's safety from metropolitan troops. In 1800, Napoleon sent a flattering letter to Toussaint confirming the metropole's "great confidence" in one of France's finest generals and citizens, and stating his hopes for Toussaint to "promote agriculture" and "enlarge the glory and possessions of the Republic". Historians conclude that this letter would prevent the invasion of Santo Domingo that Toussaint Louverture had been planning for so long, and ultimately bring an end to the violence that had plagued Saint-Domingue for so long. From then on, Toussaint Louverture would maintain a steadfast loyalty to the French nation, in exchange for little to no interference from the metropole unless specifically requested and "agreeable" commissioners. As remaining independentist sentiment was pacified and war with Great Britain erupted once more, Toussaint was given effective control over the larger, but less densely settled colony of Louisiana as its military protector and de facto Governor-General.
This transition of power was not without problems, however, as whites and creoles in New Orleans took issue with Toussaint Louverture wielding such power over New France. Although Napoleon wrote to Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte that "[Toussaint] would be little more than New France's gendarme" and Toussaint Louverture professed his compliance with Napoleon's wishes, he sought to actively govern New France, developing various industries in Saint-Domingue to make the island self-sufficient, inviting migrants - mainly non-planters or slaveholders, that is - to settle in Upper Louisiana, strengthening Saint-Domingue and Louisiana's economic ties, and taking steps to limit the New Orleans slave trade, earning him the ire of wealthy sugarcane planters and frequent civil disturbance. Numerous letters were sent to Paris, requesting that Toussaint be recalled; these were usually ignored, given Toussaint Louverture's expert manipulation of the various colonial factions and the heavy burden of the war in Europe. Toussaint's compromise with Napoleon did see the return of several former foes, namely Rigaud supporters Alexandre Petion and Jean-Pierre Boyer, who quickly acquainted themselves with the gens de couleur of New Orleans and felt obliged to stymie Toussaint Louverture's control over New France.
As the War of the Sixth Coalition drew to a close, the New French colonial government distanced itself from the metropole, and the carefully crafted independence would eventually become part of New French law in May 1814, as the realm's varied political establishment opposed the Bourbon Restoration. Although New Orleans was fraught with rumors that Napoleon would escape to Louisiana and rebuild his empire on American soil - and that Jean Lafitte was already on his way to Elba to rescue the Emperor - the Constitutional Convention of 1814, mainly represented by white planters and gens de couleur from both Louisiana and Saint-Domingue, would ultimately establish a republic. As the esteemed Governor-General of New France, a man of strong democratic inclinations, a man who was palatable to both the sugarcane planter in New Orleans and the black artisan in Le Cap, Alexandre Petion was easily elected the first President of New France.
The French presence just across the Mississippi River, coupled with an "unpredictable" ex-slave insurrection leader as the colony's leader, frightened the American public. President Thomas Jefferson, who sought to wrest control of the Mississippi River from Paris, found his plans routed by the pacification of Saint Domingue and Toussaint's appointment to Governor-General and was particularly alarmed about reports of New France's colonial military reform. Toussaint Louverture did not plan to invade the United States, viewing it as an unnecessary and troublesome venture; regardless, the South exploded with fearmongering, with pamphlets spread from Knoxville to Richmond presenting the terrible vision of an army of Napoleonic brigands and black mercenaries marching towards Washington D.C., leaving behind plundered plantations and famished families facing the wrath of savage slaves. While such sentiments would calm down in a few months, continued border skirmishes between American and Louisianan settlers (more often than not accidental despite press reporting otherwise) did not ease relations between the two governments. Along with the Embargo of 1807 and its devastating effects on the Northeast, the Mississippi border skirmishes provided a surge of support for the otherwise moribund Federalists, with Alexander Hamilton and the party's rapidly modernizing press system attacking the Jefferson administration's policies as weak, destructive, Francophilic and anti-American, their ultimate result being the ruination of America's developing industry and eventual loss of independence. This scathing criticism of Jefferson's presidency did not make the Federalist Party more popular than their Republican foes, but it did give them control of the White House once it became clear just who did the congressional caucus nominate.
The Roman War of Independence (Italian: Guerra d'indipendenza romana), also called the Franco-Roman War, the One Month War or the Roman Crisis of 1849, was waged by the Second French Republic against the Roman Republic, a revolutionary state that was previously founded on 9 February 1849 by the Costituente Romana, founded in the wake of liberal protests in the Papal States and Pius IX's self-imposed exile.
Without consulting his ministers, Prince-President Louis Napoleon sent an expeditionary force to Rome in order to restore the temporal power of the Holy See, a move which was extremely popular with Catholics, but angered the more liberal republicans. On 25 April, 10,000 French soldiers led by General Charles Oudinot landed at Civitavecchia, while 4,000 Spanish soldiers marched north from Gaeta, where Pius IX had made his refuge. Giuseppe Garibaldi's fateful arrival to Rome emboldened Republican forces, who routed Oudinot's forces on 30 April.
Giuseppe Mazzini and French diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps's attempt to sign a ceasefire was denunciated by Louis Napoleon, as he sought to achieve total destruction of the revolutionary regime. Hostilities would resume in May, as Oudinot's army, reinforced by Spanish soldiers and Sicilian volunteers, marched towards Rome. In an unexpected move, however, American President Theodore Frelinghuysen – a Northern Whig and pious humanitarian – declared his tacit support for the Roman cause, sending a squadron of warships under Commodore Perry's command towards the western coast of the Roman state.
As USS Mississippi stopped by the mouth of the Tiber in late May and American soldiers lent their arms to the defense of Rome, Louis Napoleon was increasingly anxious to continue the war, and a peace treaty would eventually be brokered on 12 June 1849, affirming the Roman Republic's independence. The war would solidify the military alliance between the Roman Republic and the Kingdom of Sardinia, though the Republic's financial issues would see them become heavily reliant on Turin for survival. As per the conditions of the Treaty of Forli, the Triumvirate would invite the Pope to take refuge in a portion of the city surrounding St. Peter's Basilica, an offer which the increasingly reactionary Pius IX would refuse. Louis Napoleon's withdrawal from Rome would damage his popularity with Roman Catholics, setting the stage for the Crisis of 1850. Frelinghuysen's decision to intervene in an European war caused uproar in the United States and abroad, with Roman Catholic riots occurring in New York City and Southern congressmen denouncing Frelinghuysen's flagrant disregard for the Monroe Doctrine. While Frelinghuysen would continue to support subsequent liberal revolutions in Europe, his outreach would be limited by Congress and he would eventually be defeated in the 1852 presidential election.
Carlos Fernando Flores Labra (born January 9, 1943) is a Chilean engineer, entrepreneur, politician and political theorist serving as the Chairman of the Strategic Long Range Planning Committee since 11 October 1991. From 17 August 1975 until his formal resignation, Fernando Flores served as Chile's 29th and final President. Along with Stafford Beer, Flores is considered one of the primary architects behind the Synco network and the Syntegration theory, which he would implement following the 1991 constitutional referendum.
Spanning more than four decades, Fernando Flores's political career began with his 1972 appointment as Minister of Finance by President Salvador Allende; the then 29-year-old engineer took quickly to government service and became one of the President's closest allies, overseeing the creation and development of Project Cybersyn. In the aftermath of the September 1973 coup and the beginning of civil war, Flores was captured by General Augusto Pinochet's forces and tortured; however, he was able to escape by January 1974 and take control of the Synco network, demonstrating its military potential by co-ordinating Allendist forces in the battlefield and turning the tide of the war against the Conservatives. Following Salvador Allende's assassination, Fernando Flores stepped up to take the reins of power; as the President of a formally Marxist republic, he would spend much of his tenure shepherding economic reforms, pursuing an independent, unaligned foreign policy and expanding Synco's reach, allowing Chile to weather the 1980s economic crisis. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Flores would oversee the transition of Chile from a Marxist dictatorship to the world's first Syntegration state, abolishing traditional political offices and elections.
To this day, Fernando Flores remains a controversial figure, with supporters praising his effective stewardship of the Chilean state and its transformation into an independent, sovereign, democratic regional power. Conversely, Flores has been labelled a dictator and authoritarian leader by a number of academic and political observers, citing pervasive censorship and mass surveillance as well as the Syntegration government's strained relationship with opposition.
The National Population Sample of Chile (Spanish: Muestra de Población Nacional de Chile) is the legislative branch of government of the Republic of Chile and the highest constitutional organ. Founded on 22 October 1991 in accordance with the 1991 Chilean Constitution, the unicameral National Population Sample replaced the National Congress of Chile; it is composed of 100 members, which are chosen at random by the Synconet Computer System from the population to serve one-year terms, a manner which, according to the Chilean government, is designed to prevent the formation of a "parasitic political class". While members of the legislature frequently associate with political parties, the National Population Sample is officially nonpartisan.