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Lists of Heads of Government and Heads of State

See my Graphics thread for further details.

Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom
1951-1955: Winston Churchill (National Government: Conservative, Unionist, National Liberal and Independent Liberal)

1951 def: Clement Attlee (Labour), The Viscount Stuart of Findhorn (Unionist), John Maclay (National Liberal), Clement Davies (Liberal)
1955-1957: Anthony Eden (National Government: Conservative, Unionist, Centre and Liberal)
1955 def: Clement Attlee (Labour), The Viscount Stuart of Findhorn (Unionist), Gwilym Lloyd George (Centre), Clement Davies (Liberal), Jo Grimond (Radical)
1957-1963: Harold Macmillan (National Government: Conservative, Unionist, Centre and Liberal)
1959 def: Hugh Gaitskell (Labour), The Viscount Stuart of Findhorn (Unionist), James Henderson Stewart (Centre), Roderic Bowen (Liberal), Jo Grimond (Radical)
1963-1969: R. A. Butler (National Government: Conservative, Unionist, Centre and Liberal)
1964 def: Hugh Gaitskell (Labour), The Earl of Home (Unionist), Charles Hill (Centre), Roderic Bowen (Liberal), Jo Grimond (Radical)
1969-1978: Roy Jenkins (Labour)
1969 def: R. A. Butler (Conservative), The Earl of Home (Unionist), Charles Hill (Centre), Roderic Bowen (Liberal), Jeremy Thorpe (Radical-Mebyon Kernow)
1973 def: Ian Macleod (Conservative), Terence O'Neill (Unionist), Enoch Powell (Centre), Jeremy Thorpe (Radical), Desmond Donnelly (Democratic Labour)

1978-1988: Geoffrey Howe (National Government: Conservative, Unionist, Centre and Democratic Labour)
1978 def: Roy Jenkins (Labour), Hon. George Younger (Unionist), Julian Ridsdale (Centre), David Steel (Radical), Desmond Donnelly (Democratic Labour), Ted Grant (Real Labour)
1982 def: Reg Prentice (Labour), Michael Heseltine (Centre), Hon. George Younger (Unionist)
1986 def: John Smith (Labour), Michael Heseltine (Centre), Malcolm Rifkind (Unionist)

1988-1992: Michael Heseltine (National Government: Conservative, Centre and Unionist)
1991 def: John Major (Conservative), John Smith (Labour), Malcolm Rifkind (Unionist), Dafydd Elis Thomas (Party of the Nations)
1992-1996: Malcolm Rifkind (National Government: Conservative, Centre and Unionist)
This (and the explanation on your thread) is brilliant, as always.
 

Mumby

'I love the pun he will go far'
Published by SLP
People's Vote: Be Careful What You Wish For

2016-2019: Theresa May (Conservative)
2017 (Minority, with DUP confidence and supply) def. Jeremy Corbyn (Labour), Nicola Sturgeon (Scottish National), Tim Farron (Liberal Democrat), Arlene Foster (Democratic Unionist), Gerry Adams (Sinn Fein)
2019-2019: Iain Duncan Smith (Conservative minority, with Democratic Unionist confidence and supply)
2019 'People's Vote', REMAIN 51%
2019-2019: Tom Tugendhat (Conservative minority)
2019-2020: Jeremy Corbyn (Labour)
2019 (Minority) def. Jacob Rees-Mogg (Patriotic Alliance - United Kingdom Independence, European Research Group, Democratic Unionist), Tom Tugendhat (Conservative), Nicola Sturgeon (Scottish National), Vince Cable (Liberal Democratic), Mary Lou McDonald (Sinn Fein)
2020-2024: Tom Watson (Labour leading National Government with Conservatives and Liberal Democrats)
2024-2030: Tommy Robinson (Patriotic Alliance)
2024 (Majority) def. Tom Watson (National Government - Labour, Conservatives, Liberal Democrats), Laura Pidcock (National Campaign for Socialism), Humza Yousaf (Scottish National), Mary Lou McDonald (Sinn Fein)
2025 EU Referendum, LEAVE 56%
2029 (Majority) def. Gina Miller (National Progressive Centre), Alfie Steer (National Campaign for Socialism), Humza Yousaf (Scottish National), Mary Lou McDonald (Sinn Fein)

2030-2032: Mark Meechan (Patriotic Alliance leading Emergency Government)
2032-2034: Mark Meechan (Patriotic Alliance, backed by US Occupation Authority)
2034-2036: Milo Yiannopoulos (National Alternative)
2034 Patriot's List, APPROVE 98%
2036-2037: Milo Yiannopoulos (National Independence leading Emergency Government)
2037-2037: Paul Ziemiak (Nonpartisan leading EU Military Transitional Government)
2037-2042: Alfie Steer (Socialist Labour)
2037 (Popular Front majority) def. Ruth Davidson (National Progressive Centre)

May's Deal fails, she resigns, IDS becomes leader for no good reason, does a People's Vote in the confidence that Leave Will Win, and surprise surprise Remain manages to pull it out the bag. Tom Tugendhat becomes leader for about five minutes before a confidence vote is called as the hardest Brexiteers leave the Tories to join Batten, Foster and Farage's Patriotic Alliance. The split on the right sees Labour become comfortably the largest party but they miss out on a majority.

Corbyn's Queen's Speech fails to pass and while that isn't enough on its to doom him, the PLP is. Corbyn is forced out in a very clumsy fashion, and a National Government cobbled together with the centrist rump of the Tories and the Lib Dems. The National Government hobbles on for four years, in the face of a new recession and the continued rise of Eurosceptic populism in Britain and Europe. The government falls as the old Leave vote coalesces in the Patriotic Alliance, while the frustrated Corbynite Left rallies behind Laura Pidcock.

Tommy Robinson's government quickly passes a new EU Referendum which Leave comfortably wins, and Britain dives out as soon as possible. Europe meanwhile practically collapses into civil war as Putin attempts to wrest control of more of Eastern Europe and the formalisation of a common European military sees the beginning of a bloody proxy conflict in Eastern Europe and the rising of populist paramilitaries in support of Russia. The parties of the National Government fuse, while Robinson's threat of banning the NCFS leads to the new policy of abstentionism and the meeting of NCFS MPs in their own Peoples' Assembly. Increasingly fascistic policies to deal with the growing global refugee crisis and a grizzling economy leads to the assassination of Robinson.

Meechan's Emergency Government is ultimately strained extremely thin by the borderline civil war on Britain's streets and invites the US which has only ground down further into Trumpism since 2018. Yiannopoulos becomes Territorial Governor of Great Britain-Northern Ireland and rules as a fascist dictator. However, the European Armed Forces coup on the continent and the subsequent victory over Russia leads to panic in America as Putinism-Trumpism is on the back foot for the first time in 20 years. Yiannopoulos is abandoned by his Washington patrons who withdraw into a panicked isolationism. Yiannopoulos declares himself Prime Minister and attempts to govern for about six months, but the EU's military junta swiftly removes him.

The centrist military government of the EU governs a much truncated territorial area at this point, effectively consisting only of a Treaty of Rome core, but surrounded by vassals. There is no appetite to digest Britain but they are nonetheless disappointed when Steer's Socialists prevail over the more sympathetic National Progressive Centre.
 

Turquoise Blue

Painfully Tibby
Patreon supporter
Location
Kemr, FK
The second chapter of Spoil the Broth where I establish a Republic, make Neville Chamberlain the closest to a George Washington we ever had, and fracture politics terribly thanks to the pro-National Government parties and all, is being worked on but the delay is due to my mental mood. It'll hopefully be up at the end of the week, I've saved what I've typed up so far

But for now, this is a short one to mark the death of President George H. W. Bush...

A Thousand Points of Light

George Bush (Republican) 1981-1989
1980: def. Robert Redford (Democratic) and Jimmy Carter (Populist)
1984: def. Reubin Askew (Populist) and Lane Kirkland (Democratic)
"The Establishment Retakes Control"
The 1980 election was a bitter defeat for the Democrats. Their hopes of finally getting into the White House was dashed. Robert Redford was seen as "the man who lost our golden opportunity" and the party decided to withdraw firmly from "celebrity" candidates once and for all. Also part of this shift was the shift away from the growing environmentalist movement. The Democrats would become more and more "the party of unions"

President Bush represented a continuation of Nixonism. Not a change. Steady as it goes was his motto. AHPA would stay, but there were to be financial policies implemented to ensure the budget remained solvent yet boost the economy up. Many criticised this as a "millionaire government" or "the government of the elite", especially the Democrats who were starting to shed their more 'liberal' elements to become a more blue-collar socialist party

In 1984, the Democrats had a split that led to the "New Left" walking out and deciding to sit the election out while the Democrats nominated labor unionist and fervent anti-Communist Lane Kirkland who left the Populist Party in 1972 in disgust at how it betrayed the "legacy of Huey Long and Lyndon Johnson". This would prove a mistake as many Democrats in the North looked at the aloof and arrogant South Carolinian and questioned if he was even a Democrat [well, National Unionist, but whatever]. Meanwhile, the Populists nominated Florida Governor Reubin Askew, known as a very moral man and one who stood very much in the "Carter" legacy of soft social conservatism and economic centrism

In November, the American people re-elected George Bush to the Presidency. The Dems were wiped out in many of their 1970s gains as American politics increasingly turned back to being Pops vs. Reps with Dems as a third party. In his second term, George Bush oversaw the collapse of the Soviet Union and took credit for it on a domestic level as "the man who defeated communism". Pondering a third term, he ended up deciding otherwise

Slade Gorton (Republican) 1989-1993
1988: def. Jim Blanchard (Populist), Douglas Applegate (Democratic) and Stephen Gaskin (Globalist)
"From Washington to Washington"
The Democrats were always going to face a hard time of it. Locking themselves firmly in trade unionism, they lost the "New Left". And then in the primaries, a random Ohio upstart surged to win the nomination. Who knows who Douglas Applegate was? That was the problem. And then the hippies decided to not sit it out this time around and instead nominated the Dems' running mate in 1976. That hurt as Governor Stephen Gaskin was one of the most prominent and most respected "hippie politicians" in America. But the Globalists can't win, all they can do is... hurt the Dems. Fuck

Meanwhile the Populists went North for their candidate and chose Senator Jim Blanchard of Michigan, a clear shift to the left from Askew and a gesture designed to squeeze the Dems and hopefully cement Thomas Watson's dream of a "two-party system". And while the three "left" parties were fighting, the Republicans under Senator Slade Gorton walked to victory

The man who was now President, Slade Gorton, was very much a "Bush Republican", aligning himself firmly with the WASP moderate faction and championed the Equal Rights Amendment floated around, as well as more protection of the environment. What ultimately brought him down was his support of cutting military spending to reduce the deficit which got conservatives angered and a primary challenge against him

Bruce Babbitt (Populist) 1993-2001
1992: def. Slade Gorton (Republican), Ralph Nader (Globalist) and Jim Traficant (Democratic)
1996: def. Marshall Coleman (Republican) and Rick Santorum (Democratic)
"The real Green Party"
With the Republicans infighting, the Populists nominated their most potent nominee yet, Governor Bruce Babbitt of Arizona. Babbitt ran on a "Make the American Dream Anew" platform, promising environmental protection, financial balancing, protecting welfare from further cuts [especially after Gorton said "He will cut your welfare. I will cut too. The difference is that I said it, he didn't" which doomed him to defeat] and general "we need a change" sentiment. With the Democrats nominating bombastic and alienating Ohio Senator Jim Traficant and the Globalists nominating Connecticut Representative Ralph Nader [who was not as respected as Gaskin], Babbitt managed to form a coalition to defeat Gorton

President Babbitt continued the good economy, even if there was a dip in 1994 that meant a loss in the midterms. Nevertheless, Babbitt continued and in 1996 with a strong economy, an international environmental treaty signed and record levels of environmental protection along with protection of welfare policies and some more unorthodox policies that taxed party unity such as ending the income tax for small businesses, he stood strong and with a new coalition of middle-class "liberals" backing him, and with the New Left Globalists begrudgingly endorsing him, he remade the party in his image. The others had to reply to this sea-change

The Republicans did so in 1996 by trying to compete with Babbitt on the middle-class, nominating Governor Marshall Coleman of Virginia. Meanwhile, the Dems shifted rightwards on social policy and tried to appeal to ancestral Populists alienated by the party's change by nominating young Representative Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania. More than ever, the party was the party of the working-class

In the end, Coleman's efforts failed while Santorum couldn't quite chip away enough ancestral Populists to deny Babbitt his second term. In that second term, the economy stagnated before falling into recession, dooming the Populists' hope of a third term

Jim Jeffords (Republican) 2001-2009
2000: def. Al Gore (Populist) and Dennis Kucinich (Democratic)
2004: def. Howard Dean (Populist) and Dick Gephardt (Independent-Democratic)
"Trouble on the Horizon"
When Jeffords was elected, it represented the continuation of firm environmental policies in both of the Big Two and the dominance of more "affluent" moderate factions, pushing away the more rockscrabble working-class. Jeffords authorised the ban on underground nuclear testing and more expanded rights for lesbians and gays up to floating a same-sex marriage law late in his second term

His first term would be dominated by humanitarian interventions in several African countries, which led to somewhat of a body count, which would have doomed him re-election if it wasn't for the Pops splitting as Howard Dean won the nomination and Dick Gephardt announced that he would walk out and run as an Independent. The Democratic candidate, Senator Richard Trumka of Pennsylvania, agreed to be Gephardt's running mate and the Democratic Party ticket ended up getting 23.7% of the vote, a major boost as more "traditional" Populists finally broke

In his second term, an environmental disaster led to reports of corruption in the Jeffords Administration. Unfounded in the end, but after that people just couldn't trust the President anymore and chose to vote in a new face

Bill Richardson (Populist) 2009-2017
2008: def. Angus King (Republican) and Debbie Stabenow (Democratic)
2012: def. George Pataki (Republican) and Stephen Lynch (Democratic)
"Trouble Brewing"
The 2008 election would make history as America elected its first Hispanic president in Governor Bill Richardson of New Mexico, defeating Senators Angus King of Maine and Debbie Stabenow of Michigan. Promising to fix up the economy, he passed several bills to make the economy better and while the statistics said it did, a lot of people never really felt that

In 2012, the Republicans narrowly nominated moderate former Governor of New York George Pataki, and conservatives were disgruntled enough to stay at home, while some decided to vote for relative social conservative Governor Stephen Lynch of Massachusetts, who had a vague "family first" narrative of putting "traditional working-class values" first and that appealed to some social conservatives

In Richardson's second term, the economy imploded and the people turned the blame on the Populists and Republicans, which grouped together to vote for a bank bailout which angered many Americans in the process

Richard Ojeda (Democratic) 2017-
2016: def. Mitt Romney (Republican) and Ken Salazar (Populist)
"Trouble"
In the 2016 election, one figure dominated the conversation. That figure was Richard Ojeda. High-ranking veteran, Governor of West Virginia, and a man full of anger against the system. In 2016, he was the voice of many who were angry against the "elite" in the Reps and Pops. Angry against their social liberalism, angry against their environmental policies that took many jobs away, angry against the way things were. And as the 2016 election map turned red, many turned anxious at this wave of social conservative populism engulfing America

What happened to the consensus on more rights to LGBT people? What happened to the consensus that the environment needed protection? What happened to the America of Bruce Babbitt and Jim Jeffords? Well, all of it went up in flames as the Democrats seized a majority of the House and won almost all Senate seats up that year. A new, angrier, America was in birth
 

Mumby

'I love the pun he will go far'
Published by SLP
Uneasy Heads

2017-2021: Donald Trump (Republican)
2016 (with Mike Pence) def. Hillary Clinton (Democratic)
2021-2021: Jeb Bush (Never Trump Coalition)
2020 (with John Hickenlooper) def. Donald Trump (Republican), Tulsi Gabbard (Independent Democrat / Green)
2021-2022: Jeb Bush (National Trust Coalition leading Emergency Government)
2022-2023: Jeb Bush (Nonpartisan leading Consitutional Convention)
2023-2025: Jeb Bush (Nonpartisan leading Caretaker Administration)
2025-2027: John I Bush ('New Constitution Coalition')
2024 def. vacant (Restoration of the Republic), Michael Bloomberg (Independent)
2027-2049: John I Bush (Bush Family Compact)
2049-2050: George I Bush (Bush Family Compact)
2050-2075: Cara I Kennedy-Cuomo (East Coast Families Compact)
2049 def. George Prescott Bush (Bush Family Compact), Barron Trump (Trump Family Compact)

This is based on a dumb Twitter post I saw, which was not only eulogising George H.W. Bush but All Bushes and saying that things would be better if America simply elected a family every 25 years.

There's little point to doing a huge amount of description here because its fairly obvious. This is the highly implausible path whereby Jeb Bush becomes King of America. I will do some points of interest however

- The Emergency Government isn't Jeb! seizing power unilaterally, America goes into lowkey civil war when Trump loses and the Emergency Government relocates to some hidden bunker and deals with the fash insurgency as well as the antifa militants which emerge to fight it.

- I imagine America withdraws into herself considerably and we ultimately see one rationalisation of our economic malaise in that feudalism no long becomes a throwaway term, but is very much real. Political-economic dynasties exist and are accepted as legitimate but only if they do what is expected which means pay lots of taxes for infrastructure, defence and welfare. I imagine at a state level, things feel little changed from what they are now, but Governors tend to be drawn from powerful families and while the Bushes have an immediate advantage in the aftermath of the New Constitution, they are increasingly outplayed by the intermarried dynasties of the East Coast.
 

Turquoise Blue

Painfully Tibby
Patreon supporter
Location
Kemr, FK
John Vincent Cable
Member of the Liberal Party: 1964-1967
President of the Cambridge University Liberal Club: 1965-1966
Member of the People's Party: 1967-1973
Member of Parliament for Glasgow Hillhead: 1971-2000
1971 (SDP backing): def. Tam Galbraith (Scottish National), Jack Glass (Unionist), G. Wotherspoon (Scots Independent)
1977: def. Tam Galbraith (Scottish National), Adam McAllister (Unionist), George Leslie (Scots Independent), Liz Steedman (Liberal), Lt Cmdr Bill Boaks (Public Safety)
1981: def. Douglas Parkin (Independent Social Democratic), Richard Thorndyke (Unionist), Nick Harris (Liberal), Gerry Malone (Scottish National), George Leslie (Scots Independent)
1986 (Liberal backing): def. George Galloway (Independent Labour), Tavish Leish (Unionist), Bill Kidd (Scots Independent), Brian Cooklin (Scottish National)
1990 (Liberal backing): def. Mike James (Unionist-Scottish National), George Galloway (Independent), Bill Kidd (Independent Labour-Scots Independent), Alaistair Whitelaw (Globalist)
1993 (Liberal backing): def. Mike James (Unionist-Scottish National), Sandra White (Scots Independent), Helen Gold (Independent Labour (Militant)), Victor Vanni (Independent Labour (Maxtonite))
1995 (ILP/Globalist backing): def. Sandra White (Scots Independent), Chris Mason (Liberal), Allan Green (Scottish Left-Communist), Robert McGregor (Unionist), Duncan McPhie (Scottish National)

Member of the Social Democratic Party: 1973-
Shadow Minister of State for Latin America: 1981-1987
Shadow Foreign Secretary of the Social Democratic Frontbench Team: 1990-1993
Foreign Secretary: 1993-1999
Member of Parliament for Glasgow Kelvin: 2000-2006
2000 (ILP/Globalist backing): def. Tamsin Mayberry (Liberal), Frances Rankin (Scots Independent), Heather Ritchie (Scottish Left-Communist), Davena Rankin (Scottish National)
Leader of the Social Democratic Party: 2000-2005
2000: def. Alistair Darling, Peter Hain, David Owen, Gordon Brown
2005: def. by Peter Mandelson

Member of Parliament for Glasgow North: 2006-2009
2006: def. Amy Rodger (Liberal), Sandra White (Scots Independent), Martin Bartos (Globalist), Brian Pope (Scottish National), Pauline McNeill (Independent Labour), Nick Tarlton (Scottish Left-Communist), Isobel Macleod (Unionist), Vine Cable (Social Democracy), Jamie McDavid (Tús Nua!Free Scotland)
Member of the House of Lords (Earl Cable): 2009-
Leader of the Social Democratic Party in the House of Lords: 2009-

Is this how you do this?
 
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2024-2030: Tommy Robinson (Patriotic Alliance)
2024 (Majority) def. Tom Watson (National Government - Labour, Conservatives, Liberal Democrats), Laura Pidcock (National Campaign for Socialism), Humza Yousaf (Scottish National), Mary Lou McDonald (Sinn Fein)
2025 EU Referendum, LEAVE 56%
2029 (Majority) def. Gina Miller (National Progressive Centre), Alfie Steer (National Campaign for Socialism), Humza Yousaf (Scottish National), Mary Lou McDonald (Sinn Fein)

2030-2032: Mark Meechan (Patriotic Alliance leading Emergency Government)
2032-2034: Mark Meechan (Patriotic Alliance, backed by US Occupation Authority)
2034-2036: Milo Yiannopoulos (National Alternative)
2034 Patriot's List, APPROVE 98%
2036-2037: Milo Yiannopoulos (National Independence leading Emergency Government)
Untitled3.jpg
 
Edward VIII, 1936-1952

Under pressure from his increasingly pissed-off father and a despairing Prime Minister, Prince Edward starts courting Anastasia Nikolaevna, the last surviving heir of the tsar - who has been growing bored and despondent in Paris, surrounded by White Russians with increasingly ludicrous schemes of 'return'. Edward decides he likes Anastasia after all cos she's well fit. She's also willing to look the other way as he continues half a dozen affairs with married women, as she's burned out and just grateful to be shot of her 'court'. (UK-USSR relations take a frosty turn)

Edward VIII's brash manners and his wife's glamorous associations make him popular with the masses and unpopular with the British & dominion governments who have to actually work with the blighter. He uses some of his 'soft' power influence to nudge Chamberlain more towards seeing Hitler as someone who we need a big stick against (these are also unguarded comments Eddie makes in public), influence he makes because his wife has influence on him, namely taking issue with Hitler's statement that slavs, and thus her, are untermensch. The Second World War ends in late 1944, Germany occupied by Anglo-American forces and a rump 'Free Poland' allowed to exist, but the Cold War starts up early as Stalin's still not happy about the king's wife. The Polish Airlift happens in 1945.

It's all downhill for Edward VIII when Labour gets into power. The bally socialists are pissing him off and for Attlee, the feeling is mutual. A massive falling out takes place in 1948 and - though it's partly hushed up at the time - Edward VIII has to be talked out of dissolving parliament by the Conservative leader. Labour's internal divisions are papered over by the interference of an obnoxious monarch and they narrowly claw their way into a second parliament for the 1950s.

The king becomes increasingly bad tempered and bridge-burning, and his marriage has decayed. What finishes him off, however - and means popular remembrance glosses over his post-war self - is when his son Prince Edward is fatally wounded in Korea, in 1952. Edward VIII had remembered how angry he was at being kept away from the front during the First World War and pressured to get "Second Lieutenant Windsor" put nearer the real action, and the guilt and grief shatters his will, his marriage, and his desire to reign. Following the mourning, he abdicates.


Mountbatten, Regent, 1952-1955

Until the next monarch comes of age, Louis Mountbatten has to step in. He happily shakes the hand of the incoming Tory PM Profumo but otherwise keeps a much lower profile than Edward, seeing his job as keeping things ticking along for the heir. The dominions and visiting foreign dignitaries greatly prefer this guy.


Queen Alexandra I, 1955-1978

A shy, retiring figure who wasn't expected to ever get ahead, went through a rather grim home life, and is now in power & responsibility at 18, with both her parents and uncle Mountbatten looming. To unkind commentators, she is a fitting symbol of the weaker Britain that exists and not the wise old power player Profumo wants it to be. His successful carrot-and-stick diplomatic approach with Nasser over Suez's nationalisation just shows it, for once Britain would've just thumped him.

Profumo decides the country needs to join the EEC and uses the young queen as part of his diplomatic bombardment of all the other members, especially France, to ensure the UK can get in. It's been suggested Alexandra helped swing the French on it, helping make the UK seem less of a threat and a country that might take Paris' lead. During her tour, she was courted by the Spanish royal Carlos Juan and encouraged to go for it by her parents. The UK would get an heir, Carlos and his immediate family get a connection that they'll never get while Spain's a republic, win-win!

The imagery changes in the 1960s, with Arthur Greenwood's Labour and the 'baby boom' generation coming of age: now there's a young Queen for a young generation in their ballsy Swinging London. She becomes a symbol of youth and counter-culture even though that makes no sense. This helps her become more assertive in her role, having long policy discussions with a startled Greenwood and becoming an arts patron, in particular more 'modern' music and artwork. When the Prague Spring is crushed, Alexandra - raised with tales of bloodied Soviet monsters - delivers a fiery speech in condemnation.

Throughout the 1970s, during greater European integration, demographic changes, and economic upheaval, Queen Alexandra remains a popular figure and a symbol of stability & the boomer generation coming of age (even though she predates it). The Sex Pistols jab at the establishment by putting out a song that suggests the queen is a huge punk fan and loves it when they say rude things.

Her popularity and symbolism is why the IRA decide to scare her with an attack when she's visiting Ireland. They don't plan to actually kill her, they know that would be a huge own goal. Unfortunately the bomb is bigger than expected.


Queen Victoria II, 1978-2018

The immediate aftermath is a violent crackdown on the IRA, suspected IRA members, suspected IRA sympathisers, and people the RUC don't like very much. Republic and American support for the IRA craters and the Northern Irish Parliament's catholic members can only make so many cautions - thus the crackdown is not halted and largely works, at least in the short term of hammering the IRA, but absolutely not the long term of a lasting peace when too many people know someone who got battered.

Once again the country has a young female monarch (her brother will soon be of age but it's no longer seen as necessary that he takes the throne). Victoria is closer in temperament to her grandfather than her mother, more ready to rule and assured of her education & ability. Much like her grandfather, she clashes frequently with her Prime Minister. What changes this is the Spanish Civil War, as Alfonse II proves unable to keep the dictatorship going in her father's homeland and the EEC sends troops to restore peace; the death of hundreds of British servicemen and the sight of her father in despair causes her to be less certain of herself.

Victoria is an ardent europhile and is strongly associated with the ongoing integration of the EEC. That means when the backlash comes in the 1990s, sparked by the idea of inducting the former Eastern block nations, her popularity takes a long-term whack - the Queen herself is part of the unelected powers that are forcing Europe on Britain. Her 'soft power' with the PM suffers when that PM becomes William Hague, 'homeland conservative' leader of the eurosceptic faction of his party.

And so by the late 1990s, the monarch becomes a rubber-stamp ceremonial figure. Victoria starts to go abroad more, where she's more popular; this is particularly true in Australia, after she marries a local. Unlike her grandfather, she has yet to abdicate and Britain should finally have a monarch who dies and of natural causes.
 

Thande

Chemical Christian Chaos Chelator
Published by SLP
An idea I had last night...

Lists of Mayors of London, 2000-2018

2000-2004: Steven Norris (Conservative) [1]
2004-2008: Frank Dobson (Labour) [2]
2008-2012: Andrew Boff (Conservative) [3]
2012-2016: Samantha Heath (Labour) [4]
2016-2018: Andrew Pelling (Independent) [5]
2018: post abolished

[1] Following a 1998 referendum in which the Yes side won by a wide margin on a turnout of less than 35%, London-wide government was restored for the first time since Thatcher's abolition of the Greater London Council in 1986. Beginning in 2000, Londoners would elect both an executive mayor using the SV voting system allowing one second preference, and a 25-member London Assembly using the Additional Member System, with both FPTP seats based on combining boroughs, and a London-wide list. The first mayoral election in 2000 seemed to be shaping up to be an exciting contest, with papers predicting a colourful clash between Jeffrey Archer for the Tories and Ken Livingstone for Labour. However, it was not to be, very much setting the tone for the short-lived institution. Archer was removed from the Conservative selection following numerous scandals, while Livingstone narrowly lost the Labour selection vote to the anodyne Frank Dobson. Livingstone complained that the selection method was unfair (an electoral college giving additional weighting to Labour MPs) and announced his intention to run as an independent, but was unable to secure funding. Livingstone nonetheless ran an informal campaign in which he endorsed the Green candidate, Jenny Jones, with whispers that Jones would appoint him deputy mayor if she won in a power-sharing agreement. The informal Jones-Livingstone ticket managed to finish third, ahead of Lib Dem Susan Kramer, but the top two were predictably Conservative Steven Norris and Labourite Frank Dobson. Norris narrowly finished ahead after a recount and much criticism of the new electronic vote-counting system--which proved prescient given events in Florida later that year. The victory was rather anaemic and unconvincing--Dobson had been ahead on first preferences, and had ultimately lost out due to bruised Livingstone supporters being unwilling to give him their second preferences. Either way, the stage was set for the characteristic form of London mayoral election we all remember: an exciting and interesting ticket inevitably comes third and leaves the two dull major party candidates to finish in a close race.

[2] The 2000 election had been a rare and valuable boost for William Hague's embattled leadership of the Conservatives, but the party went down to heavy defeat in 2001 just the same, and didn't even make much progress in London. From 2002 onwards there was much frenzied speculation about whom Labour might get to contest the mayoralty, with many wondering if the party would make a statement by nominating a candidate from an ethnic minority background. In the end, tellingly, most of the candidates mooted in the papers eventually ruled themselves out: it had become increasingly obvious during Norris' term (especially working with a Labour-controlled Assembly) that the Mayor was a figurehead. While it would be valuable to Labour to possess the office for propaganda and messaging reasons, many young upcoming London Labour MPs regarded it as a potential career killer that took them out of Parliament. Some Labour members of the London Assembly were considered, including those who had clashed most vocally with Dobson, but in the end it was felt that a sitting London MP was required to give the office sufficient gravitas. The eventual selection was farcical, with Frank Dobson being anticlimactically renominated despite a lack of enthusiasm on his own part. Meanwhile, after some noise about a full independent run this time, Ken Livingstone--along with George Galloway's nascent Respect movement--endorsed Simon Hughes' Lib Dem campaign as the anti-Iraq War candidate. There proved to be a significant anti-war vote across London to be tapped, but Hughes still finished on only 23% of the vote, once again leaving a second-preference fight between Norris and Dobson in a re-run of the previous contest. This time, Dobson came out on top. This was one good bit of news for Labour in the otherwise difficult 2004 local elections, but tellingly it did not receive the level of press coverage that Alistair Campbell had hoped for. The London Mayoralty just wasn't that important.

[3] With the financial crisis hitting and Gordon Brown's mismanagement of the 10p tax rate gaffe, it would have been a hard fight for an enthusiastic Labour incumbent to keep City Hall, and Dobson was not that candidate. After some speculation, he announced his retirement. With Brown having given up on attracting a young London MP to be the face of a continued Labour renaissance, the selection fell to the Labour members of the London Assembly. Even then, some of the more high-profile members (relatively) who were looking to secure Westminster seats following incumbent retirements in the 2010 election, declined to run. The selection ended up between Joanne McCartney and Samantha Heath, which some papers reported as the result of an all-women shortlist, though in reality it was simply that no man had chosen to run. McCartney, vaguely painted as the more 'Brownite' candidate by Evening Standard journalists who couldn't be bothered to do research about a contest nobody really cared about (except in that it might provide further humiliation for Brown), was narrowly selected ahead of the more 'Blairite' Heath. Andrew Boff, a London Assembly member with some new ideas about transport policy, defeated McCartney to become the second Conservative Mayor. However, his ideas largely remained on the drawing board; the Assembly was hung, and the Lib Dems (mindful of NIMBY votes) as well as the Greens and UKIP worked to block his grand designs. Boff's tenure was ultimately another damp squib.

[4] Anger had risen against the incumbent Conservative-Lib Dem coalition's policies on tuition fees and austerity, and it was likely that any Labour candidate with a pulse would be able to beat Boff in what was essentially just a slightly more formal than usual opinion poll on the government. Boff, to his credit, fought on, but was ridiculed in satire (those satirists who thought to acknowledge the contest, that is) as a Walter Mitty who thought anyone cared about the office he held or that he had any real power. Heath, who had won the Labour nomination unopposed (after an angry David Miliband turned down his brother offering it as an insult) was duly elected in 2012 by a slightly wider margin than usual.

[5] By 2016, the viability of the office of Mayor of London had become something of a coffee-table discussion, at least among the duller sort of chattering classes. After Boff lost his seat and Heath attempted, ineffectually, to use it as a bully pulpit to attack the government, there was some speculation that Cameron would abolish the office as Thatcher had the GLC before him--especially once he had obtained a majority government in 2015. It was felt that it would represent a good cost-saving measure that did not impact on frontline services, given the cost of running mayoral elections. However, in the end the Tories still went through the motions of selecting a candidate (actually managing to get the coup of a defeated MP, Ilford North's Lee Scott, who only agreed because he didn't think he could win and might raise his profile). Instead, the issue would be brought to the voters by Andrew Pelling, a former Conservative from Croydon who had been elected to the London Assembly (after losing out on the Croydon Central selection for 2005) only to break with the party. Pelling ran on an Abolish the Mayor of London cost-saving independent campaign, not truly believing he could win ("duopoly dullards can't lose") but again wishing to raise his profile to potentially start his own political movement or take over a minor party. Much to his surprise, when the votes were counted--which took longer than expected, as the contest had had an unusually high turnout, 39%--he found himself elected to City Hall.

Cameron saw this as both an embarrassment and an opportunity, and although loth to look as though he was giving in to Pelling's demands, he began the legislative process to bring forward an abolition bill. However, with the EU Referendum's Leave vote leading to Cameron's downfall, it would not be until 2018--by which time Pelling had been half-heartedly telecommuting from Croydon for over a year--that Theresa May's minority government would abolish, as an afterthought, one peculiar anachronistic legacy of the experimental Blair period.
 
National Disunity

2017-2021: Donald J. Trump / Mike Pence (Republican)
2016 def. Hillary R. Clinton / Tim Kaine (Democratic)
2021-2025: Donald J. Trump / Nikki Haley (Republican)
2020 def. Joe Biden / Mitt Romney (National Unity), Bernie Sanders / Cory Booker (Democratic), Michael Bloomberg / Mark Cuban (Bloomberg's America)
2025-2029: Nikki Haley / Tom Cotton (Republican)
2024 def. Kamala Harris / Rashida Tlaib (Democratic), Mitt Romney / Greg Orman (National Unity), Donald Trump Jr. / Kris Kobach (The Trump Movement)
2029-2037: Chelsea Clinton / Tagg Romney (Democratic)
2028 def. Nikki Haley / Macro Rubio (Republican), Ivanka Trump / Joe Arapaio (The Trump Movement), Donald Trump Jr. / varied by state (Draft Don Jr. Committees)

Biden and Romney's "Unity Ticket", far from uniting anti-Trump voters, only further divides them, especially as Biden is seen as having "flounced" out of the Democratic Party before the primaries since he knew he couldn't win, and in the end the split between Biden and Bernie voters (as well as the very small clique of #Resistance white collar professionals who back Bloomberg, mainly at the Washington Post) allows Trump to win an electoral college majority even if Biden just squeaks a popular vote plurality. The Mueller Invetsigation indicts Trump for various crimes, but at this point no one cares, and the GOP senate minority refuses to even think of impeachment. Trump leaves office after 8 years with a smug grin, a divided opposition, a collapsing economy, and an angry Mike Pence who wishes he'd been kept on the ticket. Nikki Haley's GOP unity run sees another Republican victory in spite of Don Jr.'s huffy third party, and the split between the left and the centre allows her to win a large majority. This doesn't last, and after Haley is egged into a war in Iran and an intervention in North Korea by Defense Secretary Lindsey Graham, her poll numbers drop to the high 20s as The Trump Movement picks up momentum with the founding of the ex-President's personality vehicle "Trump.TV". The 2028 Election sees Governor Chelsea Clinton of New York merge the Democrats and National Unity in a joint Primary and convention, and her extension of the olive branch to Senator Tagg Romney allows the merger to work. The Democrats sweep to victory that year with three right-wing oligopolistic parties failing to differentiate themselves.
 

Mumby

'I love the pun he will go far'
Published by SLP
This is for a D&D campaign I've been thinking about running.

High Kings of Cuirtherzhon

946-981: Aven the Conqueror (Smivar/Avenid) [1]
981-991: Osen the Great (Avenid) [2]
991-000: Joredh the Unworthy (Avenid) [3]

[1] Aven was of relatively humble stock, it is said his grandfather was nothing more than a blacksmith who forged mighty weapons for the petty king of Algherzhon. Nevertheless through cunning and skill at arms by the time of his father's death, Aven was King of Algherzhon - and soon much more. Aven would bring the disparate kingdoms of Cuitherzhon under his boot. While termed the Conqueror he achieved this mighty goal through diplomacy as much as through force of arms, preferring to persuade his fellow kings to pledge their swords to him and binding them with marriages and oaths of honour. So great were his achievements that his children would his name as theirs, expunging their lowly origins and constructing a mythos around their progenitor.

[2] Where Aven left a united realm, prosperous and contented, Osen would leave it impoverished and torn by strife. This was not wholly his doing, as the honourable ideals in which his father raised him meant he spent 9 years of his decade on the throne fighting on the Continent against the Orcish Horde which had brought waste and ruin to all in their path since they had cascaded forth from the Blacktower Mountains of the East. Taxes were repeatedly raised, and a lowpoint was the enclosure of dwarvish and gnomish communities in order to exploit their supposed wealth. Osen would defeat the Horde's Warlord in single combat earning laurels in the immediate aftermath of the battle but the fact was it was virtually impossible to drive the Orcs back to the Mountains from whence they came. The kingdoms of the Continent soon fell upon one another and Osen had to fight his way back to the coast to get back to Cuirtherzhon. Sadly he did not make it as he was killed by a fellow human's hand.

[3] While Osen waged war, his brother Joredh reigned in his name and carried out many of the more unworthy acts of Osen's rule in order to raise the funds for war. With Joredh's death, these excess grew only worse, with halflings also suffering the same ill treatment that the dwarves and gnomes already endured. The maintenance of war taxes after the battle against the orcs was won led to dissatisfaction amongst the lesser kings which finally burst out into rebellion. What they did not count on was Joredh's raising of an army of 'new men', professional soldiers who fought for coin. With his bursting treasury, Joredh cut down the rebels and slew entire ranks of the aristocracy, replacing the carefully constructed feudal system built by his father with vast marches ruled by cruel hard eyed men. The King's Revolt has been followed by Peasant Revolts and Soldiers Revolts which have proven rather more difficult to put down and the sheer lack of respect Joredh openly has the feudal system means distrust abounds. For now, Cuitherzhon holds together though how long that can last, no one can say.