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Lists of Heads of Government and Heads of State


AHC: Iowan Caucasus
First in the Nation

1969-1973: Richard Nixon / Spiro Agnew (Republican) [1]
1972 def. Ed Muskie / Endicott Peabody (Democratic)
1973: Richard Nixon (Republican) / vacant
1973: Richard Nixon / Gerald Ford (Republican)
1973-1974: Gerald Ford (Republican) /
1974-1977: Gerald Ford / Wallace Johnson (Republican)
1977-1981: Jimmy Carter / Ray Rollinson (Democratic) [2]

1976 def. Gerald Ford / Wallace Johnson (Republican)
1981-1985: Ronald Reagan / Jesse Helms (Republican) [3]
1980 def. Jimmy Carter / Walter Mondale (Democratic)
1984-1989: Gary Hart / Gerald Willis (Democratic) [4]
1984 def. Ronald Reagan / George Bush (Republican)
1989-1993: George Bush / Wayne Green (Republican) [5]
1988 def. Michael Dukakis / David Duke (Democratic)
1993-1997: George Bush / Herb Clark, Jr. (Republican)
1992 def. Paul Tsongas / Endicott Peabody (Democratic), Andre Marrou / Nancy Lord (Libertarian)
1997-1998: Bill Clinton / Al Gore (Democratic) [6]
1996 def. Pat Buchanan / Colin Powell (Republican), Harry Browne / Irwin Schiff (Libertarian)
1998: Al Gore (Democratic) / vacant
1998-2001: Al Gore / Wladimir Kubiak (Democratic)
2001-2005: John McCain / William Bryk (Republican) [7]

2000 def. Al Gore / Wladimir Kubiak (Democratic)
2005-2009: John Kerry / John Edwards (Democratic)
2004 def. George W. Bush / Dick Cheney (Republican)
2009-0000: John McCain / Jack Barnes (Republican)
2008 def. Hillary Clinton / Ray Stebbins (Democratic)

[1] When their obviously fraudulent “Canuck Letter” failed to trip up the cool and collected Muskie, the Committee to Re-Elect the President turned to desperate measures. Secret plots unfolded by the dozen, and suspicions about the administration’s involvement in the Watergate break-in or Jack Anderson’s death were already widespread by November. Muskie only lost by a hair. Pundits suggested that if the man from Maine had tried to balance the ticket geographically, rather than selecting the liberal aristocrat Peabody in a gesture towards the McGovernites, he might have won Texas and the election. When the Anderson affair exploded into the headlines, however, such academic questions were forgotten.

[2] Gerald Ford’s term in office was dominated so completely by the Nixon trials that his administration was rendered toothless. Even his appointment of affable liberal Wallace Johnson as Vice President failed to win him any positive press. Ford considered declining his party’s nomination in 1976, but no one else wanted the poisoned chalice of the Party of Manslaughter.

Carter didn’t disappoint the voters who had handed him his historic mandate, at least not at first. His call to treat the energy crisis as the “moral equivalent of war” was followed up upon by OPA-style economic controls and a massive expansion of coal mining and offshore drilling (the latter project helmed by his vice president, former governor Ray “Buttercup” Rollinson of Florida). The nation’s enthusiasm began to flag, however, after several years of Carter’s Emergency Program of authoritarianism and autarky. 1980 was a hot year in America, marked by assassinations and terrorist attacks; Buttercup was pulled from the ticket after losing a leg in a Monkey Wrench Gang bombing. Ronald Reagan pleaded for “peace on the home front” and warned that the USA was in danger of becoming an “evil empire.” It was a cruel irony to those who remembered his reign as Governor of California – but the rest of America was ready to believe, and they called upon Ronnie to save democracy.

[3] Unlike Nixon and Carter, the country never turned on Ronald Reagan, at least not personally. He released dozens of political prisoners on his first day in office, earning grudging respect even on the left, and then there was the boom. An economy already stoked white-hot by Carter’s investments was boosted still further as Reagan did away with wage and price controls and slashed taxes across the board. It was morning in America – until the bottom fell out in 1984. Even then, the savior of the republic took little blame. The ire was saved for those around him. Vice President Helms, the bilious racist who Reagan had put on the ticket to reassure his base as he ran towards the center, was painted as the biggest villain, having supposedly distracted the administration and the country with culture wars as economic problems festered.

[4] Gary Hart had been Carter’s leading Democratic critic; Alabama governor Gerald Willis one of the President’s staunch supporters. Together they would reunite their party just long enough to win the election. With little support from the Carterite wing of the party (organized labor and the South), Hart worked together with the slim Republican majorities in Congress to push ahead with Reagan’s economic reforms, expand foreign trade, and focus investment towards education, science, and technology. The Hart administration’s efforts made college affordable to practically every American, but the technocrat-in-chief was accused of looking the other way as industrial jobs dried up and minority communities stagnated in poverty. Famously, it was a labor publication, the International Woodworker, that first publicized Hart’s marital affairs – although the subsequent hysteria engulfed the entire press.

[5] Dubbing the “tabloid-style” coverage of his personal life a “distraction to my work as President,” Hart ruled out running for re-election. He devoted the last year of his presidency to international diplomacy, plugging away at fruitless peace talks in Northern Ireland. Meanwhile, the Democrats began to coalesce behind Michael Dukakis as his replacement. The traditionally liberal governor of Massachusetts was a comforting presence to a party that had undergone two decades of severe ideological turmoil, and Dukakis found himself facing George Bush that fall. He projected an air of calm competence, successfully distancing himself from Gary Hart on a personal level while embracing the president’s most popular initiatives. GOP attacks rolled right off the high-flying Democratic nominees (inevitably nicknamed the “Dukes of Harvard” by a hack reporter). Until, that is, Lee Atwater dug up some dirt on David Duke.

The baby-faced social conservative from Louisiana was, it seemed, a bit of a flake – he’d only passed a single bill in the state legislature, and his voting record in the US Senate was abysmal. Most damningly of all, he was not a natural blonde. It was classic Atwater, making a mountain out of a molehill, but Duke’s dark roots may have made the difference in the close contest.

George Bush took office not long after the Soviet Union’s first democratic elections, and the Great Thaw set the tone of the rest of his (largely) happy term in office. The first two-term president since Eisenhower weathered a few recessionary blips, a controversial but ultimately successful war in the Gulf, and rumors of sexual harassment which likely would have sunk a politician today. Yet his approval ratings rarely dipped underwater. When he died in 2016, polls showed most Americans agreeing with the president’s old friend Saddam Hussein, who in his eulogy referred to Bush as the greatest president of the postwar era. More critical assessments from former veep Green, who had turned to a career in conservative radio after one too many controversial outbursts, and from veteran Senator Andre Marrou were dismissed as the jealous comments of bitter old men.

[6] If Bush was an American superstar by the end of his term, his luster had long faded for the Republican base. Cynicism about his political moderation and reservations about his foreign adventures had boosted the insurgent Libertarian Party, and in 1996 led to the narrow primary victory of paleoconservative Pat Buchanan. Buchanan’s belligerence and flirtations with anti-Semitism were a bridge too far for most Americans – it was a dark day when Harry Browne could plausibly claim to be the sensible conservative choice – and his reluctant choice of Colin Powell as a running mate made for a schizophrenic ticket.

Bill Clinton’s landslide victory and abrupt death from heart failure less than a year into his term has since been popular fodder for alternate history writers. Would the pragmatic Arkansan have put as much emphasis on the environment as Gore did? Perhaps Clinton could have avoided a repeat of the Carter-era energy wars, with anti-government terrorism springing this time from rancher militias rather than deep greens. Certainly Clinton’s version of health care reform wouldn’t have included the comprehensive psychosexual health coverage pushed by Gore’s closest confidant, former Ambassador to Japan Wlad Kubiak. We can thank Bubba’s cheeseburger overdose for contemporary America’s free-at-the-point-of-use qi workshops and testosterone supplements.

[7] The centrist Clinton may also have proved a tougher target for John McCain’s hippie-bashing campaign in 2000. The conservative maverick tore up the consensus politics of the post-1970s era with thunderous denunciations of the Gore administration’s “creeping socialism” and underhanded personal attacks. At a time when many Republicans would consider such language beyond the pale, McCain implied that Vice President Kubiak was a disloyal “Russkie” and compared him to the boogeyman Soviet president, Eduard Limonov. McCain’s vitriol might have turned off some swing voters, but the American public had begun to sour on Gore and Kubiak’s flower power. The wild man from Arizona would dominate American politics both in and out of office for the two decades to come…

[Inspired by my recent discovery of the New Hampshire Vice-Presidential primary. It's pretty silly, as befits a gimmick list, and also a little dark, but there might be a salvageable concept or two in there. I do actually like the idea of Tyrant Carter making "the moral equivalent of war" a reality, but it's a bit too similar to @Thande 's Tyrant Jerry Ford to merit its own TL.]

[Also, Wlad Kubiak ran for mayor of Kyoto in 1993; I ought to do a rundown of all these wacky VP candidates.]
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Dictateur du Pioletariat
Medieval king sof England if Louis VIII is victorious in England
Junior King of England (crowned as co-kings during their predecessor's reign - not usually counted in the list)
Claimant (not usually counted in the list)

King of England
1216 - 1243 : Louis I "The Lion" (House of Capet)

King of France and England
1223 - 1243 : Louis VIII - I "the Lion" (House of Capet)

1229 - 1243 : Louis IX (House of Capet)
1243 - 1288 : Louis IX - II " the Fair" (House of Capet)
1245 - 1256 / 1258- 1260 : Geoffroy I (House of Plantagenêt-Tournemine)
1262 - 1278 : Philip (House of Capet)
1269 - 1270 : Simon (House de Montfort) as Lord Regent of the Kingdom of England
1282-1288 : John II (House of Capet)
1288 - 1297 : John I - II " the Good" (House of Capet)
King of France, England and Burgundy
1288 - 1297 : John I - II " the Good" (House of Capet)

King of England
1297 - 1312 : Simon I "the Blood-Handed" (House of Monfort)

1297 - 1302 : Louis X of France (House of Capet)
1307 - 1312 : Henry (House of Monfort)
1312 - 1356 : Henry III "the Fierce" (House of Monfort)
1312 - 1356 : Henry (House of Monfort)
1356 - 1374 : Henry IV "the Hard-Pressed" (House of Monfort)
1356- 1362 : Guy (House de Montfort)
1370 - 1374 : Simon II (House of Monfort)

King of England and Scotland
1374 - 1377 : Simon II - I "the Great" (House of Monfort)

1377 - 1415 : Guy I "the Lion" (House of Monfort)
1393 - 1411 : Henry (House of Monfort)
1411 - 1415 : Andrew (House of Clare-Moray)

1415 - 1429 : Andrew I (House of Clare-Moray)
1423 - 1430 : Charles III "the Hunchback" of France (House of Capet-Courtnenay)

King of England

1429 - 1434 : Henry V "the Quiet" (House of Evry)
1423 - 1430 : Charles III "the Hunchback" of France (House of Capet-Courtnenay)
1429 - 1452 : Simon II of Scotland "the Young" (House of Clare-Moray)
1430 - 1442 : Louis XI "the Great" of France (House of Capet-Courtenay)

1442 - 1457 : John III "the Bold" (House of Capet-Courtenay)
1442 - 1452 : Simon II of Scotland "the Young" (House of Clare-Moray)
1444 - 1457 : Henry (House of Capet-Courtenay)

1457 - 1494 : Henry V "the Fair" (House of Capet-Courtenay)
1469 - 1480 : John (House of Capet-Courtenay)
1482 - 1486 : Louis (House of Capet-Courtenay)
1487 - 1494 : John (House of Capet-Courtenay)

1494 - 1515 : John IV (House of Capet-Courtenay)
1499- 1519 : Guy of Cumberland (House of Clare-Moray) as Junior King of England between 1499 and 1515

1515 - 1566 : John V (House of Capet-Guinèdes)
1499- 1519 : Guy of Cumberland (House of Clare-Moray)
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Contributing editor at Sp!ked
The baby-faced social conservative from Louisiana was, it seemed, a bit of a flake – he’d only passed a single bill in the state legislature, and his voting record in the US Senate was abysmal. Most damningly of all, he was not a natural blonde. It was classic Atwater, making a mountain out of a molehill, but Duke’s dark roots may have made the difference in the close contest.


Is Laurie Penny proscribed these days?
I've just realised she's very well meaning but rather well, tremendous. as the kids say these days.

When I met her she was

As questionable as her Milo piece was I do like some of her more person gonzo-esque pieces. Her book on Austerity and racism in Greece with Ralph Steadman esque drawings by Molly Crabapple was really good and she went "undercover" at a young Tory thing way back in 2009ish that I found very entertaining.

Also I've added defeated parties to my personal politics list
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Yes I'm a Blairite, I'm also a anarcho-syndicalist
This personal list trend is just a way for people to politically come out now isn’t it
It is a useful way of finding out how many people on here used to be fascist, at least. Not that I have any problematic former political opinions about another mustachioed continental despot, no siree, pay no attention to the Holodomor behind the curtain.


The Troika always wins
Lund, DK
My weird/ideal list of Spanish Prime Ministers

2008-2014: Rosa Díez (UPyD)
Bonus 2014 (European election): Democraten 66
2014-2017: Albert Rivera (Ciudadanos)
2015 (PSOE-Cs-Podemos coalition) def. Mariano Rajoy (PP)
(PSOE-Cs-Podemos coalition) def. Mariano Rajoy (PP)
2017-0000: Pedro Sánchez (PSOE)

In 2015 and 2016 I wanted a grand anti-PP coalition, provided PSOE or Cs supplied the Prime Minister, but I did vote for Ciudadanos. I'll probably vote PSOE in the next elections. Next European elections time I will be in Sweden, so I don't know whether I would vote Cs (for ALDE mostly), PSOE or for the Swedish Centre or Liberal parties.

(OOC observation: Yes, I'm a moderate radical centrist slash beautiful progressive, so sue me)


Hello Tony, I am 1952
Published by SLP
It is a useful way of finding out how many people on here used to be fascist, at least. Not that I have any problematic former political opinions about another mustachioed continental despot, no siree, pay no attention to the Holodomor behind the curtain.
Join me in the Worker's Patriotic Union for Veterans of Teenage Marxism-Leninism.

write the list, rat boy